Smara, Smāra: 14 definitions


Smara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Smara (स्मर).—A son of Devakī killed by Kaṃsa: taken back to Dvārakā: after embracing by mother goes to heaven with his five brothers.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 85. 51 and 56.

1b) Is Manmatha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 30. 65; Matsya-purāṇa 23. 30 ch.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Smara (स्मर) refers to “love”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] If women, with languishing eyes beaming with love (smara-smera), are to be altogether avoided, the birth of a son, who delivers his father from the hell named Put, becomes impossible. If hunting is to be altogether prohibited, how can meat, skin, horn and other articles prescribed for sacrifices be obtained? [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Smara (स्मर) is another name for the God of Love, as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, as Mahābala (i.e., previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha) incarnated in the Īśāna heaven:—“There the lord of Śrīprabha, greatly delighted, saw a goddess, Svayamprabhā by name, who surpassed the lightning in radiance. [...] She had ears that were thieves of the grace of Ratipati’s pleasures-wing, eye-brows that stole the beauty of Smara’s bow. [...]”

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Smara (स्मर) refers to “lust”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The three worlds, which are made foolish by the action of the poison of lust (smara-garasmaragaravyāpāramugdhīkṛtam), are fast asleep in this gaping mouth of Yama’s serpent which is marked by fangs of destruction. While this one whose disposition is pitiless is devouring everyone, certainly there is no way out from this for you, noble fellow, by any means [even] with some difficulty without knowledge of what is beyond the senses. [Thus ends the reflection on] helplessness”.

Synonyms: Kandarpa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Smara (स्मर).—[smṛ-bhāve ap]

1) Recollection, remembrance; स्मरो वावाकाशाद्भूयः (smaro vāvākāśādbhūyaḥ) Ch. Up.7.13.1,2.

2) Love; स्मर एव तापहेतुर्निर्वापयिता स एव मे जातः (smara eva tāpaheturnirvāpayitā sa eva me jātaḥ) Ś.3.11.

3) Cupid, the god of love; स्मर पर्युसुक एष माधवः (smara paryusuka eṣa mādhavaḥ) Kumārasambhava 4.28,42,43.

4) The 7th astrological mansion.

Derivable forms: smaraḥ (स्मरः).

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Smāra (स्मार).—a. Relating to Smara or the god of love; रूक्षस्मारेक्षुचापच्युतशरनिकरक्षीणलक्ष्मीकटाक्ष (rūkṣasmārekṣucāpacyutaśaranikarakṣīṇalakṣmīkaṭākṣa)...... Viṣṇupāda. S.43; स्मारं पुष्पमयं चापं बाणाः पुष्पमया अपि । तथाप्यनङ्गस्त्रैलोक्यं करोति वशमात्मनः (smāraṃ puṣpamayaṃ cāpaṃ bāṇāḥ puṣpamayā api | tathāpyanaṅgastrailokyaṃ karoti vaśamātmanaḥ) ||

-ram Recollection, memory; स सभाद्वारमागम्य विदुरः स्मारमोहितः (sa sabhādvāramāgamya viduraḥ smāramohitaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.6.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smara (स्मर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Kamadeva, the deity of love. 2. Recollection. E. smṛ to remember, ac aff.

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Smāra (स्मार).—f.

(-rā) Adj. Relating to love. n.

(-raṃ) Recollection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smara (स्मर).—i. e. smṛ + a, m. 1. Recollection. 2. Love, [Hitopadeśa] 86, 4, M. M. 3. Kāma, the god of love, [Pañcatantra] 226, 1; [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 119 (and at the same time, perhaps, Remembrance).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smara (स्मर).—[masculine] remembrance, love or the god of love.

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Smāra (स्मार).—[masculine] remembrance, longing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Smara (स्मर):—a etc. See p.1272, [column] 1.

2) [from smṛ] b mf(ā)n. remembering, recollecting (See jāti-smara)

3) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) memory, remembrance, recollection, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Uttararāma-carita]

4) [v.s. ...] m. loving recollection, love, ([especially]) sexual love, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Kāma-deva (god of love), [Kālidāsa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] an interpreter or explainer of the Veda (and ‘the god of love’), [Naiṣadha-carita]

7) [v.s. ...] the 7th [astrology] mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

8) Smāra (स्मार):—[from smṛ] m. remembrance, recollection of ([compound]), [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

9) [v.s. ...] ([from] smara) relating or belonging to the god of love, [Naiṣadha-carita]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smara (स्मर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Kāma; recollection.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Smāra (स्मार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Samara, Sara, Sāra, Sumara, Sumarāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Smara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Smara (स्मर) [Also spelled smar]:—(nm) cupid—the god of love.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Smara (ಸ್ಮರ):—

1) [noun] the act of remembering or that which is remembered.

2) [noun] Manmatha, the God of Love.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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