Prayojana: 17 definitions



Prayojana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prayojan.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Prayojana in Nyaya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya

Prayojana (प्रयोजन) refers to “purpose”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Prayojana (प्रयोजन, “aim”) refers to the fourth of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Every one acts according to one’s purpose or aim. One acts either to obtain desirable objects or to reject undesirable ones. Gautama defines it as for which one acts. For example, a man brings rice for the purpose of food. This is prayojana.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Prayojana in Mimamsa glossary
Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

1) Prayojana (प्रयोजन) refers to one of the four criteria every Tantric or Yogic text must include.—Prayojana is a statement of its purpose or objective.

2) Prayojana (प्रयोजन, “purpose”) refers to one of the various tools used by authors displaying their skill in the art of writing.—Whenever an author composes a work he/she has a purpose (prayojana) in mind. A particular message which the author wants to convey to others. Sometimes it is a well thought out concept and sometimes vague. When reading a passage try to discover what the general purpose of the author is and do not be distracted by the rhetoric which may be used in it’s articulation.

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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Prayojana (प्रयोजन).—Object, motive or purpose in undertaking a particular thing; the word is used although rarely, in the sense of a cause also; cf. इमान्यस्य प्रयोजनानि अध्येयं व्याकरणम् (imānyasya prayojanāni adhyeyaṃ vyākaraṇam) M. Bh. Ahnika 1. For the advantages of the study of Vyakarana, see M. Bh. Ahnika 1. See also Vyakarana Mahabhasya Vol. VII pp.226,227, D.E. Society's edition.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Prayojana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Prayojana (प्रयोजन):—[prayojanaṃ] Statements which specifies the main idea, chief purpose of a particular science or method; Objective for which the actions are initiated or for which various measured are adopted.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Prayojana.—(LP), need; cf. drammaiḥ hasta-prāptaiḥ prayojanaṃ jāyate (LP), ‘when there is a necessity of having the money back [before the stated time].’ Note: prayojana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prayojana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prayōjana (प्रयोजन).—n (S) Need, necessity, call or occasion for. Ex. jyālā tōṇḍapāṭha yētēṃ tyālā pōthīcēṃ pra0 lāgata nāhīṃ. 2 Reason, ground, occasion. Ex. gurugṛhīṃ rāhaṇyācēṃ pra0 vidyā. 3 A festive occasion and the feasting attendant,--a marriage, thread-investiture &c. 4 Motive, cause, origin.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prayōjana (प्रयोजन).—n Need, necessity. Reason, ground. A festive occasion. Motive.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prayojana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prayojana (प्रयोजन).—

1) Use, employment, application.

2) Use, need, necessity (with instr. of that which is needed and gename of the user); सर्वैरपि राज्ञां प्रयोजनम् (sarvairapi rājñāṃ prayojanam) Pt.1; बाले किमनेन पृष्टेन प्रयोजनम् (bāle kimanena pṛṣṭena prayojanam) K.144.

3) End, aim, object, purpose; प्रयोजनमनुद्दिश्य न मन्दोऽपि प्रवर्तते (prayojanamanuddiśya na mando'pi pravartate); पुत्रप्रयोजना दाराः पुत्रः पिण्डप्रयोजनः । हितप्रयोजनं मित्रं धनं सर्वप्रयोजनम् (putraprayojanā dārāḥ putraḥ piṇḍaprayojanaḥ | hitaprayojanaṃ mitraṃ dhanaṃ sarvaprayojanam) || Subhās; गुणवत्तापि परप्रयोजना (guṇavattāpi paraprayojanā) R.8.31.

4) A means of attaining; एतच्चतुर्विधं विद्यात् पुरुषार्थप्रयोजनम् (etaccaturvidhaṃ vidyāt puruṣārthaprayojanam) Ms.7.1.

5) A cause, motive, occasion; दुरधिगमा हि गतिः प्रयोजनानाम् (duradhigamā hi gatiḥ prayojanānām) Ki.1.4.

6) Profit, interest.

7) The signification, sense (of a word); नासमवायात् प्रयोजनेन स्यात् (nāsamavāyāt prayojanena syāt) MS.4.3.31.

Derivable forms: prayojanam (प्रयोजनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayojana (प्रयोजन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Use, need, necessity, (with an inst.) 2. Cause, occasion. 3. Motive, origin. 4. Purpose, object, intention, design. 5. Profit, interest. 6. Means of attaining. E. pra before, yuj to join, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayojana (प्रयोजन).—i. e. pra-yuj + ana, n. 1. Cause, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 80, 11; motive, [Pañcatantra] 107, 10. 2. Purpose, design, [Pañcatantra] 58, 2; 240, 15. 3. Use, [Pañcatantra] 5, 5; need, [Hitopadeśa] 54, 20; profit, [Pañcatantra] 88, 10; interest, 114, 22. 4. Means of attaining, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 100.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayojana (प्रयोजन).—[neuter] cause, reason, motive, aim, purpose, use of ([instrumental]).

kiṃ (or bhavatu) prayojanaṃ what is the use of, enough of ([instrumental]); kena prayojanena, kasmai-nāya, (also *[ablative], *[genetive] & *[locative]) the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prayojana (प्रयोजन):—[=pra-yojana] [from pra-yuj] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) occasion, object, cause, motive, opportunity, purpose, design, aim, end, [Prātiśākhya; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] prayojanena, with a particular intention, on purpose, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] na-vaśāt idem, [Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] kena prayojanena, from what cause or motive ? [Prabodha-candrodaya]

5) [v.s. ...] kasmai prayojanāya, kasmāt prayojanāt, kasya prayojanasya and kasmin prayojane idem, [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 2-3, 27]

6) [v.s. ...] nam ati-√kram, to neglect an opportunity, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] profit, use or need of, necessity for, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra] etc. (with [instrumental case], taruṇā kim prayojanam, what is the use of the tree? [Kuvalayānanda]; bhavatv etaiḥ kusumaiḥ prayojanam, let these flowers be used, [Śakuntalā]; with [genitive case] or [dative case] [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 2-3, 27; ii, 3, 72])

8) [v.s. ...] means of attaining, [Manu-smṛti vii, 100]

9) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) a motive for discussing the point in question, [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 64]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayojana (प्रयोजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Cause; object.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Prayojana (प्रयोजन):—(wie eben) n. Veranlassung, Motiv, wirkende Ursache; Zweck, Absicht [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 15, 88. 18, 119.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1514.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 179.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 191.] [Halāyudha 5, 81.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 66.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 56. 5, 2, 81.] (avamanyante) kṛtārthāśca prayojanam [Spr. 3070.] na vidyate kaveḥ kiṃcidavijñātaṃ prayojanam [Mahābhārata 1, 5805.] avadatsvaṃ prayojanam [7828.] nahi me nyatprayojanam [3, 2971. 13315. 12, 11937.] prayojanaṃ nirvṛttamiva vāse mama [14, 399. 405.] [Harivaṃśa 15711.] bhāvastatra prayojanam [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 133.] guru [Spr. 867.] [Śākuntala 28, 10, v. l.] [Vikramorvaśī 80, 11.] [Sāhityadarpana 13.] etaccaturvidhapuruṣārthaprayojanam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 100.] vṛthā janmaprayojanam [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 121, 10. 125, 45.] na khalu prayojanaṃ kāraṇaṃ vā vilokya māyā pravartate [Prabodhacandrodaja 15, 11. 64, 12.] [Suśruta 1, 3, 5. 24, 15. 2, 1, 8.] kramaḥ smṛtiprayojanaḥ [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 4, 179.] [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 4, 114. 119.] [KAṆ. 6, 2, 1. 10, 2, 8.] [Vedānta lecture] [No.5, 17. Vārttika von Kātyāyana.] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 68.] [Patañjali] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 62. 2, 4, 66. 3, 1, 11] (in der ed. Calc.) Kār. zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 18.] [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 56. Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 15 und 1, 1, 68, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 4.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 14, 4. 16, 14. 18, 5. 21, 8. 10.] putraprayojanā dārāḥ putraḥ piṇḍaprayojanaḥ . hitaprayojanaṃ mitraṃ dhanaṃ sarvaprayojanam .. [Spr. 1788.] paraprayojanā für Andere dienend [Raghuvaṃśa 8, 31.] kṛtaprayojanā die ihren Zweck erreicht hat [Kathāsaritsāgara 13, 158.] pratipanna [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 8, 20.] siddhaṃ naḥ prayojanam [Pañcatantra 44, 10.] prayojanena in einer bestimmten Absicht [Mahābhārata 3, 13313.] [Pañcatantra 162, 6.] kena prayojanena in welcher Veranlassung [Prabodhacandrodaja 25, 2.] prayojanavaśāt [Pañcatantra 264, 22.] Mit dem instr. der Sache Nutzen von Etwas: phalasaṃdohaguruṇā taruṇā kiṃ prayojanam [Spr. 2210.] nirdhanena dhaveneha na tu kiṃcitprayojanam [3029.] (mama) na kiṃcidarthena prayojanam mir ist es nicht im Geringsten um Geld zu thun [Pañcatantra 5, 5.] yadā jīvitena prayojanam [162, 6. 256, 12.] [Hitopadeśa 93, 5.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 23, 3. 33, 16.] Mit einem gen. oder dat. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 3, 73,] [Scholiast] — Vgl. niṣprayojana .

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Prayojana (प्रयोजन):—, na tu buddhikṣayātkiṃcidatikrāmetprayojanam man versäume Nichts, was zum Ziele führen könnte, [Mahābhārata 1, 5624.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Prayojana (प्रयोजन):—n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) Veranlassung , Motiv , wirkende Ursache , Zweck , Endzweck , Ziel , Absicht. nam ati-kram etwas zum Ziele Führendes versäumen. Instr. in einer best. Absicht. kena nena , kiṃ nam ([240,28]) kasmai nāya , kasmāt nāt , kasya nasya und kasmin ne in welcher Veranlassung? weshalb? [231,16.fgg.] Mit einem Instr. Nutzen von , das zu Thun um [317,25.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prayojana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Prayojana (प्रयोजन) [Also spelled prayojan]:—(nm) purpose; motive, intention; cause; use; ~[vāda / ~vāditā] purposivism; ~[vādī] a purposivist; purposivistic; —[siddhi] achievement/fulfilment of a purpose.

2) Prāyojanā (प्रायोजना):—(nf) a project.

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