Kalakala, Kala-kala, Kālakāla: 14 definitions



Kalakala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kalakala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kālakāla (कालकाल) refers to the “slayer of Kāla”, and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Ugra in the form of Sun; obeisance to you the detached performer of actions, the slayer of Kāla (i.e., Kālakāla), and the furious Rudra. Obeisance to Śiva, Bhīma, Ugra, the controller of living beings; you are Śiva to us”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Kālakāla (कालकाल) (“burner of Kāla”) is an epithet of Śiva as mentioned in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—On the question of Nārada as to why Maheśvara is called Kālakāla Brahmā narrates the legend of Śveta thus:—“In ancient times there was a sage named Śveta engaged in the worship of Śiva. The terrible Kāla, with fetter in his hands, came to take him. Seeing Kāla, out of fear that sage touched with his hands the śivaliṅga and meditated on Mahādeva. Yama smilingly told the sage that nobody has escaped from the clutch of Kāla. Śveta on the contrary told that those who worship Śiva are not afraid of Yama, and he is now engaged in the worship of Śiva, Yama is unable to take him. Being angry Yama caught him tightly with the fetters. Then Śiva appeared before them and told Yama to leave the sage. As Yama paid no heed to Śiva’s words the latter burnt Kāla in no time and released the sage and granted him the status of an eternal Gaṇa. As he burnt Kāla, therefore Śaṃbhu is called Kālakāla”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalakala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kalakala : (m.) indistinct and confused noise.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kalakala, (adj.) (cp. Sk. kala) any indistinct and confused noise Mhbv 23 (of the tramping of an army); in —mukhara sounding confusedly (of the ocean) ibid. 18. Cp. karakarā. (Page 198)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalakala (कलकल).—m (S) Confused jangling or noise (of men); twittering or chattering (of birds &c.)

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kalakala (कलकल).—ad Imit. of the noise of men brawling, birds angrily chattering &c.: expressive also of the disquieting effect of such noises: as mājhēṃ ḍōkēṃ ka0 karitēṃ. 2 Expressive of the tremulous or undulating manner of intense heat, as ūnha ka0 karitēṃ.

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kalākala (कलाकल).—ad Imit. of certain sharp sounds in quick succession (as of the bursting of stitches, of the snapping of ties, of rending, cracking &c.)

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kaḷakaḷa (कळकळ).—f Concern, solicitude, earnest and anxious care (as about a work). 2 The yearnings of pity; commiseration. v vāṭa, asa g. of s. & in. con. 3 (kalakala S) Vehement and vociferous speech (as of quarrels).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kalakala (कलकल).—m Confused noise, as of men brawling. ad The disquieting effect of such noises.

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kaḷakaḷa (कळकळ).—f Concern, solicitude. The yearn- ings of pity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalakala (कलकल).—

1) murmuring or hum of a crowd.

2) indistinct or confused noise; चलितया विदधे कलमेखलाकलकलोऽलकलोलदृशान्यया (calitayā vidadhe kalamekhalākalakalo'lakaloladṛśānyayā) Śi.6.14; नेपथ्ये कलकलः (nepathye kalakalaḥ) (in dramas); Bh.1.27,37; Amaru.31.

3) Name of Śiva.

4) resin, pitch.

Derivable forms: kalakalaḥ (कलकलः).

Kalakala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kala and kala (कल).

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Kālakāla (कालकाल).—Supreme Being.

Derivable forms: kālakālaḥ (कालकालः).

Kālakāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and kāla (काल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalakala (कलकल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. A confused noise, the murmuring or buzz of a crowd. 2. Resin, pitch, the resin of the Sal tree. E. kal to sound, as above; the root reiterated.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalakala (कलकल).—[kala-kala], m. 1. A confused noise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 34, 34. 2. A name of Śiva, Mahābhārata 12, 10378.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalakala (कलकल).—[masculine] confused noise, buz, humming.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalakala (कलकल):—[=kala-kala] [from kala] m. any confused noise (as a tinkling or rattling sound, the murmuring of a crowd etc.), [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Śiśupāla-vadha; Ratnāvalī] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the resinous exudation of Shorea robusta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata xii, 10378]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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