Pancashikha, aka: Panca-shikha, Pancan-shikha, Pañcaśikha, Pancasikha, Pañcasikha, Pañcaśikhā; 7 Definition(s)
Pancashikha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Pañcaśikha and Pañcaśikhā can be transliterated into English as Pancasikha or Pancashikha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Panchashikha.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Pañcaśikha (पञ्चशिख) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Pañcaśikha) various roles suitable to them.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Pañcaśikha (पञ्चशिख).—A sage of ancient times. The Purāṇas give the following details about him.
He was a disciple of Āsuri. He was brought up breastfed by Kapilā, wife of Āsuri and so he was known as Kāpila also. He dwelt in Pañcasrotas and performed a Yāga for a thousand years and got his name Pañcaśikha. He went to the assembly of the learned king Janaka and entered into a polemic contest with him and defeated him. The defeated King gave Pañcaśikha great respect and he lived in the court of Janaka as his Guru for a number of years. (Chapter 218, Śānti Parva).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1b) A son of Brahmā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 338.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Pañcaśikha (पञ्चशिख) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant) of Śiva, whose story is told in “Story of Puṣpadanta”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 7.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pañcaśikha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Pañcaśikhā (पञ्चशिखा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.89) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pañca-śikhā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
A Gandhabba. His favourite instrument was the Beluvapanduvina (q.v.). He was considered a favourite of the Buddha (DA.iii.699), and when Sakka visited the Buddha at the Indasalaguha in order to ask him certain questions, he sent Pancasikha in advance, that he might obtain permission for the interview. The episode in given in full in the Sakkapanha Sutta (D.ii.263ff.).
Pancasikha approached the Buddha and playing on his vina, sang of the beauties of the Buddha, the Doctrine, Arahants and Love. The verses really formed a love poem addressed to his beloved, Bhadda Suriyavaccasa, daughter of the Gandhabba Timbaru. The Buddha praised his music and song and questioned him about the poem. He confessed that when the Buddha was staying under the Ajapala nirgodba, before the Enlightenment, he (Pancasikha) had met Suriyavaccasa going with her father to dance before Sakka. Pancasikha thereupon fell in love with her; but she favoured the suit of Sikhandi, son of Matali. Pancasikha thereupon composed a song, which he sang to her. She was greatly pleased with the references in the song to the Sakyan sage of whom she had heard when she went to the Sudhammasabha, (on this occasion Sakka, pronounced his 8 fold eulogy of the Buddha, contained in the Mahagovinda Sutta, says Buddhaghosa, DA.ii.704) and she consented to marry Pancasikha. It is said that Sakka blessed the marriage in return for Pancasikhas intercession with the Buddha on his behalf.
In the Janavasabha Sutta (D.ii.211; also in the Mahagovinda Sutta, D.ii.230) it is stated that when Brahma Sanankumara appeared before the assembly of the gods of Tavatimsa and materialized himself he assumed the form of Pancasikha. Buddhaghosa says (DA.ii.640), by way of explanation, that all the devas loved Pancasikha and wished to resemble him. In the Mahagovinda Sutta (D.i.220; cp. Mtu.iii.197ff) Pancasikha is represented as conveying to the Buddha a full report of the happenings in the assembly of the devas, when Sakka spoke the Buddhas praises.
No really satisfactory explanation is found in the Commentaries of Pancasikhas name. Buddhaghosa says (DA.ii.647) Pancasikho ti pancaculo, pancakundaliko, and goes on to say that Pancasikha was born once as a human being, and, while yet a boy wearing his hair in five knots* (pancaculakadaraka kale), he became chief of those who tended the calves.
* This is done even now in Ceylon, where young boys hair is tied round their heads in several knots. But in one place (DA.i.296) Buddhaghosa says that one way of insulting a man was to shave his head, leaving him five locks of hair (garahaya ti pancasikha mundakaranam). And, again (SA.i.171), he mentions that Sanankumara retained his eternal youth because in a previous life he had developed jhana while yet a lad (pancasikhakumarakale). See also J.vi.496,Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
Pañcaśikha (पञ्चशिख).—a lion.
Derivable forms: pañcaśikhaḥ (पञ्चशिखः).
Pañcaśikha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and śikha (शिख).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 25 books and stories containing Pancashikha, Panca-shikha, Pancan-shikha, Pañcaśikha, Pancasikha, Pañcasikha or Pañcaśikhā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 2 - The Buddha’s Discourse to Sakka (Sakka Pañha Sutta) < [Chapter 39 - How the Āṭānāṭiya Paritta came to be Taught]
Part 4 - The Delightful Satisfaction of Sakka < [Chapter 39 - How the Āṭānāṭiya Paritta came to be Taught]
Part 2 - Buddha descends from Tāvatiṃsa to Sankassa < [Chapter 25 - The Buddha’s Seventh Vassa]
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 450: Biḷāri-Kosiya-jātaka < [Volume 4]
Jataka 374: Culladhanuggaha-jātaka < [Volume 3]
Jataka 535: Sudhābhojana-jātaka < [Volume 5]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 9 - Śiva’s incarnations as Yogācāryas < [Section 7.2 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (2)]
Chapter 4 - The story of Ṛṣabha < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
Chapter 19 - Worlds (loka) and Planets (graha) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XX - The Mahāgovindīya-sūtra < [Volume III]
Chapter IV - Mañjarī-jātaka < [Volume II]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 4 - An Early School of Sāṃkhya < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Teacher of the Devas (by Susan Elbaum Jootla)