Mangalya, aka: Māṅgalya, Maṅgalya; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mangalya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Mangalya in Ayurveda glossaries]

1) Maṅgalyā (मङ्गल्या) is another word for Masūra (Lens culinaris “lentil”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature.

2) Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य) is another name (synonym) for Candana, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Santalum album (Indian sandalwood). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.6-8), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Mangalya in Mahayana glossaries]

Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Maṅgalya is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Mangalya in Pali glossaries]

Māṅgalya, (adj.) (fr. maṅgala) auspicious, fortunate, bringing about fulfilment of wishes J. VI, 179. (Page 527)

— or —

Maṅgalya, (nt.) (fr. maṅgala) auspiciousness, good luck, fortune Dhtp 24. (Page 513)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Mangalya in Marathi glossaries]

māṅgalya (मांगल्य).—n (S) A festive occasion in general, as a marriage &c. 2 Good fortune, well-being, welfare.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māṅgalya (मांगल्य).—n A festive occasion in general. Welfare.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Mangalya in Sanskrit glossaries]

Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य).—a. [maṅgalāya hitaṃ yat]

1) Auspicious, fortunate, happy, lucky, prosperous; मङ्गल्यं मङ्गलं विष्णुम् (maṅgalyaṃ maṅgalaṃ viṣṇum) Mb.1.1.24; मङ्गल्यं ब्राह्मणस्य स्यात् (maṅgalyaṃ brāhmaṇasya syāt) Ms.2.31.

2) Pleasing, agreeable, beautiful.

3) Holy, pure, pious; त्रिलोकीमङ्गल्याम् (trilokīmaṅgalyām) U.4.1.

-lyaḥ 1 The sacred fig-tree.

2) The cocoa-nut tree.

3) A sort of pulse.

4) The Bilva tree.

-lyā 1 A species of fragrant sandal; मङ्गल्यागुरुशिशिरा गन्धाढ्या दोषवाहिका (maṅgalyāguruśiśirā gandhāḍhyā doṣavāhikā) Rājanighaṇṭu.

2) Name of Durgā.

3) A kind of aloewood.

4) A particular perfume.

5) A particular yellow pigment.

-lyam 1 Auspicious water for the coronation of a king (brought from various holy places).

2) Gold.

3) Sandal-wood.

4) Red lead.

5) Sour curds.

--- OR ---

Māṅgalya (माङ्गल्य).—a. [maṅgalāya hitaṃ ṣyañ]

1) Auspicious, indicative of good fortune; क्षौमं केनचिदिन्दुपाण्डु तरुणा माङ्गल्यमाविष्कृतम् (kṣaumaṃ kenacidindupāṇḍu taruṇā māṅgalyamāviṣkṛtam) Ś.4.4; सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवे (sarvamaṅgalamāṅgalye śive) Devīstuti.

-lyam Auspiciousness, prosperity, welfare, good fortune.

2) A blessing or benediction.

3) A festivity, festival, any auspicious rite.

4) An auspicious thing, amulet.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Mangalyamridanga
Māṅgalyamṛdaṅga (माङ्गल्यमृदङ्ग).—a drum beaten on auspicious occasions; ध्वनिश्च माङ्गल्यमृदङ्...
Candana
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