Mangalya, Maṅgalyā, Māṅgalya, Maṅgalya, Mamgalya: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Mangalya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Maṅgalyā (मङ्गल्या) is another word for Masūra (Lens culinaris “lentil”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature.

2) Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य) is another name (synonym) for Candana, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Santalum album (Indian sandalwood). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.6-8), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1a) Maṅgalyā (मङ्गल्या) is another name for Māṣaparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Teramnus labialis from the Fabaceae, or “pea family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.30-33 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Maṅgalyā and Māṣaparṇī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

1b) Maṅgalyā (मङ्गल्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Jīvantī, which is identified with Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow-wort) from the Apocynaceae, or “dogbane family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.37-39.

1c) Maṅgalyā (मङ्गल्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Ṛddhi and Vṛddhi, both unidentified medicinal plants, according to verse 5.28-33. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Maṅgalyā and Ṛddhi, there are a total of twelve Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य) is mentioned as a synonym for Jīvaka, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Microstylis wallichii Lindl., which is a synonym of Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach. from the Orchidaceae or “orchid” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.11-13. Together with the names Maṅgalya and Jīvaka, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Maṅgalya is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Māṅgalya.—(SITI), Tamil maṅgiliyam; the ornament called tāli worn round the neck as the marriage badge by a married woman with her husband living. Note: māṅgalya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mangalya in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Māṅgalya, (adj.) (fr. maṅgala) auspicious, fortunate, bringing about fulfilment of wishes J. VI, 179. (Page 527)

— or —

Maṅgalya, (nt.) (fr. maṅgala) auspiciousness, good luck, fortune Dhtp 24. (Page 513)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māṅgalya (मांगल्य).—n (S) A festive occasion in general, as a marriage &c. 2 Good fortune, well-being, welfare.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

māṅgalya (मांगल्य).—n A festive occasion in general. Welfare.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य).—a. [maṅgalāya hitaṃ yat]

1) Auspicious, fortunate, happy, lucky, prosperous; मङ्गल्यं मङ्गलं विष्णुम् (maṅgalyaṃ maṅgalaṃ viṣṇum) Mb.1.1.24; मङ्गल्यं ब्राह्मणस्य स्यात् (maṅgalyaṃ brāhmaṇasya syāt) Ms.2.31.

2) Pleasing, agreeable, beautiful.

3) Holy, pure, pious; त्रिलोकीमङ्गल्याम् (trilokīmaṅgalyām) U.4.1.

-lyaḥ 1 The sacred fig-tree.

2) The cocoa-nut tree.

3) A sort of pulse.

4) The Bilva tree.

-lyā 1 A species of fragrant sandal; मङ्गल्यागुरुशिशिरा गन्धाढ्या दोषवाहिका (maṅgalyāguruśiśirā gandhāḍhyā doṣavāhikā) Rājanighaṇṭu.

2) Name of Durgā.

3) A kind of aloewood.

4) A particular perfume.

5) A particular yellow pigment.

-lyam 1 Auspicious water for the coronation of a king (brought from various holy places).

2) Gold.

3) Sandal-wood.

4) Red lead.

5) Sour curds.

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Māṅgalya (माङ्गल्य).—a. [maṅgalāya hitaṃ ṣyañ]

1) Auspicious, indicative of good fortune; क्षौमं केनचिदिन्दुपाण्डु तरुणा माङ्गल्यमाविष्कृतम् (kṣaumaṃ kenacidindupāṇḍu taruṇā māṅgalyamāviṣkṛtam) Ś.4.4; सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवे (sarvamaṅgalamāṅgalye śive) Devīstuti.

-lyam Auspiciousness, prosperity, welfare, good fortune.

2) A blessing or benediction.

3) A festivity, festival, any auspicious rite.

4) An auspicious thing, amulet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य).—(1) name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu i.137.13; (2) name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य).—mfn.

(-lyaḥ-lyā-lyaṃ) 1. Auspicious, propitious, conferring happiness, prosperity, &c. 2. Beautiful, pleasing, agreeable. 2. Pure, pious. m.

(-lyaḥ) 1. A plant, commonly Trayamana. 2. The holy fig-tree, (Ficus religiosa.) 3. The Vilwa, (Ægle marmelos.) 4. A sort of pulse, (Cicer lens.) 5. The cocoanut-tree. f.

(-lyā) 1. A fragrant sort of Agallochum or aloe wood. 2. A kind of Mimosa, (M. Suma, Rox.) 3. A herb, commonly Gojihva, (Hieracium or according to Rox's Catalogue, a herb of the same class, Elephantopus scaber.) 4. A sort of grass, (Andropogun aciculatum.) 5. A sort of fennel, (Anethum sowa.) 6. A sort or perfume, commonly Rochana. 7. A kind of Orris root, (Acorus calamus.) n.

(-lyaṃ) 1. Sour curds. 2. Sandal. 3. Red lead. 4. Gold. 5. Water brought from various sacred places for the coronation of a king. E. maṅgala prosperous and yat aff.

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Māṅgalya (माङ्गल्य).—n.

(-lyaṃ) Welfare, propitiousness. E. maṅgala and ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य).—i. e. maṅgala + ya, I. adj., f. . 1. Auspicious, conferring happiness, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 99, 1. 2. Beautiful. 3. Pious, pure, implying holiness, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 31. Ii. m. 1. The holy fig-tree, Ficus religiosa. 2. A sort of pulse or lentils. Iii. n. 1. Sour curds. 2. Sandal. 3. Red lead. 4. Gold. 5. Water brought from various holy places for the consecration of a king. Iv. f. . The name of several plants, Agallocum, etc.

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Māṅgalya (माङ्गल्य).—i. e. maṅgala + ya, I. adj. Portending good fortune, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 80. Ii. n. 1. Prosperity. 2. Festivity, festival, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 154, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य).—[adjective] lucky, auspicious, festive, solemn, holy. [masculine] & [feminine] ā names of [several] plants; [neuter] anything auspicious or of good omen, [especially] a prayer.

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Māṅgalya (माङ्गल्य).—[adjective] & [neuter] = [preceding], [neuter] also benediction, auspicious ceremony or festival.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य):—[from maṅgala] mf(ā)n. auspicious, lucky, conferring happiness, [Kauśika-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] beautiful, pleasing, agreeable, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] pious, pure, holy, [Uttararāma-carita]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Cicer Lens, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] Aegle Marmelos, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] Ficus Religiosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Ficus Heterophylla, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (correctly maṅgalārhā)

8) [v.s. ...] the cocoa-nut tree, I.

9) [v.s. ...] Feronia Elephantum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a species of Karañja, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] = jīvaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Name of a serpent demon, [Buddhist literature]

13) Maṅgalyā (मङ्गल्या):—[from maṅgalya > maṅgala] f. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a species of fragrant sandal

14) [v.s. ...] Anethum Sowa

15) [v.s. ...] Mimosa Suma

16) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Chebula

17) [v.s. ...] Andropogon Acicuilatus

18) [v.s. ...] Curcuma Longa

19) [v.s. ...] a [particular] bulb (ṛddhi)

20) [v.s. ...] Dūrvā grass

21) [v.s. ...] = adhaḥ-puṣpī

22) [v.s. ...] = jīvantī

23) [v.s. ...] = priyaṅgu

24) [v.s. ...] = mātha-parṇī

25) [v.s. ...] Acorus Calamus

26) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] yellow pigment (= go-rocanā), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

27) [v.s. ...] a [particular] resin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

28) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [DevīP.]

29) Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य):—[from maṅgala] n. an auspicious prayer, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

30) [v.s. ...] any ausp° thing, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Suśruta]

31) [v.s. ...] [Varāha-mihira] (sg. collectively, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi])

32) [v.s. ...] bathing with the juice of all medicinal plants, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

33) [v.s. ...] water brought from various sacred places for the consecration of a king etc., [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

34) [v.s. ...] sour curds, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

35) [v.s. ...] sandal wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

36) [v.s. ...] a kind of Agallochum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

37) [v.s. ...] gold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

38) [v.s. ...] red lead, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

39) Māṅgalya (माङ्गल्य):—[from māṅgala] mfn. conferring or indicating happiness, auspicious, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

40) [v.s. ...] m. Aegle Marmelos, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

41) [v.s. ...] n. any ausp° object or ceremony, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

42) [v.s. ...] m. welfare, propitiousness, [Uṇādi-sūtra v, 70 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

43) [v.s. ...] [dual number] Name of 2 [particular] verses, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṅgalya (मङ्गल्य):—[(lyaḥ-lyā-lyaṃ) a.] Auspicious; beautiful; pure. m. A fig-tree; a lentil. f. A plant or a grass. n. Sour curds; Sandal; red-lead.

2) Māṅgalya (माङ्गल्य):—(lyaṃ) 1. n. Welfare, weal.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Māṅgalya (माङ्गल्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Maṃgalla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mangalya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Māṃgalya (ಮಾಂಗಲ್ಯ):—[adjective] conferring or indicating happiness, good fortune, etc.

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Māṃgalya (ಮಾಂಗಲ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the quality or fact of being auspicious; auspiciousness.

2) [noun] an auspicious thing.

3) [noun] a small, usu. round and slightly hollowed, piece of gold plate solemnly tied by the bridegroom around the bride’s neck as a marriage badge.

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Māṃgaḷya (ಮಾಂಗಳ್ಯ):—[adjective] = ಮಾಂಗಲ್ಯ [mamgalya]1.

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Māṃgaḷya (ಮಾಂಗಳ್ಯ):—[noun] = ಮಾಂಗಲ್ಯ [mamgalya]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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