Purna, Pūrṇa, Pūrṇā: 21 definitions
Purna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण):—Son of Mīḍhvān (son of Ṛkṣa). He had a son named Indrasena. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—A serpent born of the family of Vāsuki. It was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 2, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).
2) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—A Devagandharva born to Kaśyapa of his wife Pradhā. (Chapter 65, Ādi Parva).
3) Pūrṇā (पूर्णा).—The name of the tithis (lunar days) Pañcamī, Daśamī and Pañcadaśī. Yudhiṣṭhira was born on the Pañcamī day called Pūrṇā. (Śloka 6, Chapter 122, Ādi Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—A son of Krodhā and a Deva-gandharva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 38.
2) Pūrṇā (पूर्णा).—A Kalā of the moon.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 92.
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.6, I.35, I.52.5, I.57, I.59.45, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pūrṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 57. The temple is mentioned as one of the six temples being a favorite of Śiva. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण, “full”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the cheeks (kapola or gaṇḍa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya). Instructions: (cheeks are) expanded. Uses: in energy and arrogance.
2) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण, “full”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the belly (udara), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya). Instructions: The full belly is pūrṇa. Uses: In emitting breath, corpulence, disease, too much eating and the like.Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण, “complete”) refers to one of the ten good qualities (guṇa) of a song (gīta), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.75-76, where they are commonly known as the gītaguṇa. The Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”) is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra). Accordingly, “when a song is complete in respect of its words (pada), notes (svara), sections (aṅga), variations (prayoga), meldoy (rāga) and poetical metre (chandas), it is complete (pūrṇa)”.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण, “heptatonic”).—One of the four classes of mūrchāna (melody).—The seven notes (svara) combined in different orders (lit. having an order) are called ‘full’ or heptatonic (pūrṇa-mūrchanās).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Pūrṇanṛsiṃha or Pūrṇanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.
The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Pūrṇā (पूर्णा) or Pūrṇatithi is the name of the fifth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Pūrṇā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Śaśāṅka. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.
Accordingly, “(19) The fifth tithi is called Pūrṇā. One should perform firm acts, of the ceremony of consuming new grain, oblation of the first fruits, and of beds, seats and houses. (20) One should engage in activities related to birth, fields, ornaments,
wealth, commerce and medicine. Works of nourishing nature are auspicious. One should know Soma as the deity”.
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—Full, complete. Note: Pūrṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
Ghosha and Purna Maitrayaniputra (1165-1080 BCE) Ghosha and Purna were the illustrious philosophers of Sarvastivada. According to Indian and Tibetan traditions, Purna was the author of Dhatukayapada, one of the seven treatises of the Abhidharma of Sarvastivada.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Dvīpakumāra (island youths) class of “residential celestial beings” (bhavanavāsin), itself a main division of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.3. The Dvīpakumāras perform miraculous activities in the continents. Pūrṇa and Vaśiṣṭa (Vasiṣṭha?) are the two lords in the Fiendish-youths residential celestial beings.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Pūrṇa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘cypher’. Note: pūrṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—p (S) Full, filled, complete, perfect, entire; deficient in no quantity, part, or member. Used lit. fig. 2 Perfect, adept, thoroughly versed and skilled in.
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pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—n S The name of the cipher applied in almanacks &c. to denote the absence or total want of any particular division among the divisions or distinguished portions of time. Ex. ā- ditvārīṃ ṣaṣṭhī pūrṇa ghaṭikā pāñca palēṃ. On sunday the sixth, ghaṭikā wanting, five palēṃ.
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pūrṇā (पूर्णा).—f S A term for the days of change and full and for the 5th and 10th of the moon.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—p Full. Perfect. Adept.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—p. p. [pur-kta ni°]
1) Filled, filled with, full of; opt. in comp; तं तथा कृपयाविष्टमश्रुपूर्णाकुलेक्षणम् (taṃ tathā kṛpayāviṣṭamaśrupūrṇākulekṣaṇam) Bg.2.1; so शोक°, जल° (śoka°, jala°) &c.
2) Whole, full, entire, complete; पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदं पूर्णात् पूर्णमुदच्यते (pūrṇamadaḥ pūrṇamidaṃ pūrṇāt pūrṇamudacyate) Īśop.1; अपूर्णमेकेन शतक्रतूपमः (apūrṇamekena śatakratūpamaḥ) R.3.38.
3) Fulfilled, accomplished.
4) Ended, completed.
5) Past, elapsed.
6) Satisfied, contented.
7) Full-sounding, sonorous.
8) Strong, powerful.
9) Selfish, or self-indulgent.
1) Drawn, bent (as a bow) आकर्णपूर्णै- रहनदाक्षेपैराहतं पुनः (ākarṇapūrṇai- rahanadākṣepairāhataṃ punaḥ) Bhāg.8.11.1.
11) Allpervading; पूर्णमप्रवर्तीति वा अहमेतमुपास (pūrṇamapravartīti vā ahametamupāsa) Bṛ. Up.2.1.5; Mb.14.2.28.
-rṇā 1 An epithet of the fifteenth digit of the moon.
2) Name of the fifth, tenth, and fifteenth lunar days or tithis.
1) Abundance, plenty.
2) Water.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—adj. and n. pr. (proper name) (adj. as in Sanskrit, full, with numerals; wrong division in edd., notably that of SP, often makes the construction seem strange, when it is really quite normal Sanskrit, e.g. [read] aṣṭādaśa kṣetrasahasra pūrṇāḥ [ed. as one word!] SP 9.3 and 24.1; aśīti so antara- kalpa pūrṇāṃ [with aśīti, acc.] 26.12; aśīti pūrṇāḥ 62.3 [ed. as one word]; dvātriṃśatī [so mss., acc.] antarakalpa [so divide] pūrṇāṃ 68.11; compare next verse, dvātriṃśatī antara- kalpa sthāsyatī 69.1; note the same use of paripūrṇa, in: °ṇa so antarakalpa [so divide] ṣaṣṭim 25.8, for full 60 intermediate kalpas; sahasr' aśītiḥ paripūrṇa ye sthitāḥ 35.12; all these are verses), (1) also Pūrṇaka (1), Saṃpūrṇa, qq.v. (= Pali Puṇṇa, -ka, No. 1 in DPPN), n. of a sthavira, a well-known disciple of Buddha; his story is told Av i.2.8 ff. (here always called Pūrṇa except twice Saṃpūrṇa, q.v.); and more fully Divy 26.8 ff. (here regularly Pūrṇa, occasionally Pūrṇaka without difference of meaning); a fragment of the story in Mv, with name Pūrṇako i.245.10; referred to as Pūrṇa Jm 115.23; Karmav 63.3; (2) Pūrṇa Maitrāyaṇīputra (= Pali Puṇṇa Mantānīputta), n. of another disciple of Buddha: as two separate words Mv iii.377.13 (here Maitrāyaṇīye…putro); 379.3, 12, 17; 382.7; SP 199.1; 200.1, etc.; as one cpd. word, Pūrṇa- Maitrāyaṇīputra, SP 2.7; EV 1.15; Mvy 1036; Gv 17.23; and so Sukh 2.4, where he seems to be confused with Pūrṇa (3), see s.v. Yaśodeva; (3) n. of another disciple of Buddha, corresp. to Pali Puṇṇaji, which should = Pūr- ṇajit: LV 1.9 and Sukh 2.4, above (see Yaśodeva); (4) n. of another disciple of Buddha (the same as 1 ?) called Kuṇḍopadhānīyaka, q.v. (once also Pūrṇaka): Divy 44.8; 45.1; (5) n. of a former Buddha: Av i.117.10 ff.; see Saṃpūrṇa 2: (6) (= Pali Puṇṇaka; also BHS Pūrṇaka 3), n. of a yakṣa: Sādh 562.20 (prose).
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Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) or Pūrṇaka.—(1) (1): Mv i.245.10; Divy 29.22, 26; 30.5, 10, 14, 16; 31.22; 40.18; 44.15; only the last is in a verse, the rest are prose, often occurring close to the form Pūrṇa which is much commoner, and without any discernible difference of meaning; (2) = Pūrṇa (4): only in a verse, Divy 44.15; (3) = Pūrṇa (6): Māy 40; 54; 235.12; 236.29; (4) adj. pūrṇaka (= Sanskrit pūrṇa; nowhere recorded [Page351-b+ 71] in this meaning), full: pañcāśa varsāṇi su-pūrṇakāni SP 115.7 (verse), full 50 years; here perhaps -ka m.c.; but prose in MSV i.252.20 (same passage Divy 133.24 pūrṇa).
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Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) or Saṃpūrṇa.—(1) 1, n. of a disciple of Śākyamuni: Av i.2.2 (here ms. Sa-p°); 3.1; (2) n. of a Buddha (possibly = Pūrṇa 5): Mmk 499.23 (verse).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Full, filled, complete. 2. All, entire. 3. Strong, powerful, able. 4. Selfish, self-indulgent. f.
(-rṇā) 1. Fifth, tenth, or fifteenth day of the half month. 2. Full moon. E. pūr to be full, aff. kta, form irr.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+77): Purnabhadra, Purnabhadrika, Purnabhilasha, Purnabhisheka, Purnabhishekapaddhati, Purnabhishikta, Purnabhrarasa, Purnabija, Purnabodha, Purnabrahma, Purnacaitanya, Purnacandra, Purnacandraprabha, Purnacandrodaya, Purnacattra, Purnachandra, Purnachandrodaya, Purnadamshtra, Purnadarva, Purnadharma.
Ends with (+15): Agnipurna, Anandapurna, Annapurna, Apurna, Ardhapurna, Asampurna, Ashruparipurna, Ashrupurna, Ashvapurna, Avapurna, Dhritiparipurna, Jalapurna, Kalapurna, Kancipurna, Katapurna, Mahapurna, Meghapurna, Nijalabhapurna, Nyunapurna, Paripurna.
Full-text (+220): Annapurna, Sampurna, Purnaka, Purnamasa, Purnamanasa, Purnakakuda, Purnabija, Purnaratha, Purnanadi, Purnapatra, Purnendu, Purnabhilasha, Purnama, Paripurna, Ghosha, Purnanaka, Purnakamata, Purnakuta, Purnaprajnadarshana, Purnavarman.
Search found 58 books and stories containing Purna, Pūrṇa, Pūrṇā; (plurals include: Purnas, Pūrṇas, Pūrṇās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.7 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Verse 2.5.139 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 2.2.81 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna: Knowledge]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 2 - The greatness of Śivaliṅgas < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 35 - Śiva-sahasranāma: the thousand names of Śiva < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 20 - Treatment for diarrhea (11): Purna-chandrodaya rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)