Purna, aka: Pūrṇa, Pūrṇā; 18 Definition(s)


Purna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pūrṇa (पूर्ण):—Son of Mīḍhvān (son of Ṛkṣa). He had a son named Indrasena. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—A serpent born of the family of Vāsuki. It was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 2, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

2) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—A Devagandharva born to Kaśyapa of his wife Pradhā. (Chapter 65, Ādi Parva).

3) Pūrṇā (पूर्णा).—The name of the tithis (lunar days) Pañcamī, Daśamī and Pañcadaśī. Yudhiṣṭhira was born on the Pañcamī day called Pūrṇā. (Śloka 6, Chapter 122, Ādi Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—A son of Krodhā and a Deva-gandharva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 38.

2) Pūrṇā (पूर्णा).—A Kalā of the moon.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 92.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.6, I.35, I.52.5, I.57, I.59.45, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pūrṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 57. The temple is mentioned as one of the six temples being a favorite of Śiva. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण, “full”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the cheeks (kapola or gaṇḍa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya). Instructions: (cheeks are) expanded. Uses: in energy and arrogance.

2) Pūrṇa (पूर्ण, “full”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the belly (udara), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya). Instructions: The full belly is pūrṇa. Uses: In emitting breath, corpulence, disease, too much eating and the like.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pūrṇa (पूर्ण, “complete”) refers to one of the ten good qualities (guṇa) of a song (gīta), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.75-76, where they are commonly known as the gītaguṇa. The Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”) is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra). Accordingly, “when a song is complete in respect of its words (pada), notes (svara), sections (aṅga), variations (prayoga), meldoy (rāga) and poetical metre (chandas), it is complete (pūrṇa)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Pūrṇa (पूर्ण, “heptatonic”).—One of the four classes of mūrchāna (melody).—The seven notes (svara) combined in different orders (lit. having an order) are called ‘full’ or heptatonic (pūrṇa-mūrchanās).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Pūrṇanṛsiṃha or Pūrṇanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Pūrṇā (पूर्णा) or Pūrṇatithi is the name of the fifth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Pūrṇā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Śaśāṅka. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(19) The fifth tithi is called Pūrṇā. One should perform firm acts, of the ceremony of consuming new grain, oblation of the first fruits, and of beds, seats and houses. (20) One should engage in activities related to birth, fields, ornaments,
wealth, commerce and medicine. Works of nourishing nature are auspicious. One should know Soma as the deity”.

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—Full, complete. Note: Pūrṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Ghosha and Purna Maitrayaniputra (1165-1080 BCE) Ghosha and Purna were the illustrious philosophers of Sarvastivada. According to Indian and Tibetan traditions, Purna was the author of Dhatukayapada, one of the seven treatises of the Abhidharma of Sarvastivada.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Pūrṇa (पूर्ण) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Dvīpakumāra (island youths) class of “residential celestial beings” (bhavanavāsin), itself a main division of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.3. The Dvīpakumāras perform miraculous activities in the continents. Pūrṇa and Vaśiṣṭa (Vasiṣṭha?) are the two lords in the Fiendish-youths residential celestial beings.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—p (S) Full, filled, complete, perfect, entire; deficient in no quantity, part, or member. Used lit. fig. 2 Perfect, adept, thoroughly versed and skilled in.

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pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—n S The name of the cipher applied in almanacks &c. to denote the absence or total want of any particular division among the divisions or distinguished portions of time. Ex. ā- ditvārīṃ ṣaṣṭhī pūrṇa ghaṭikā pāñca palēṃ. On sunday the sixth, ghaṭikā wanting, five palēṃ.

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pūrṇā (पूर्णा).—f S A term for the days of change and full and for the 5th and 10th of the moon.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—p Full. Perfect. Adept.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrṇa (पूर्ण).—p. p. [pur-kta ni°]

1) Filled, filled with, full of; opt. in comp; तं तथा कृपयाविष्टमश्रुपूर्णाकुलेक्षणम् (taṃ tathā kṛpayāviṣṭamaśrupūrṇākulekṣaṇam) Bg.2.1; so शोक°, जल° (śoka°, jala°) &c.

2) Whole, full, entire, complete; पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदं पूर्णात् पूर्णमुदच्यते (pūrṇamadaḥ pūrṇamidaṃ pūrṇāt pūrṇamudacyate) Īśop.1; अपूर्णमेकेन शतक्रतूपमः (apūrṇamekena śatakratūpamaḥ) R.3.38.

3) Fulfilled, accomplished.

4) Ended, completed.

5) Past, elapsed.

6) Satisfied, contented.

7) Full-sounding, sonorous.

8) Strong, powerful.

9) Selfish, or self-indulgent.

1) Drawn, bent (as a bow) आकर्णपूर्णै- रहनदाक्षेपैराहतं पुनः (ākarṇapūrṇai- rahanadākṣepairāhataṃ punaḥ) Bhāg.8.11.1.

11) Allpervading; पूर्णमप्रवर्तीति वा अहमेतमुपास (pūrṇamapravartīti vā ahametamupāsa) Bṛ. Up.2.1.5; Mb.14.2.28.

-rṇā 1 An epithet of the fifteenth digit of the moon.

2) Name of the fifth, tenth, and fifteenth lunar days or tithis.

-rṇam Ved.

1) Abundance, plenty.

2) Water.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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