Visarada, Visārada, Visharada, Viśāradā, Viśārada: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Visarada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśāradā and Viśārada can be transliterated into English as Visarada or Visharada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Visharad.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Viśāradā (विशारदा) is another name for Kṣudradurālabhā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.56-58 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Viśāradā and Kṣudradurālabhā, there are a total of twelve Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Viśārada (विशारद) refers to “expert” (e.g., one who is an expert in mantra and tantra), according to the Jayadrathayāmala verse 1.14.23-24.—Accordingly, “Devoted to the teacher, god and fire, expert in mantra and ritual (tantra) [i.e., mantratantra-viśārada], endowed with knowledge and wisdom, one who praises (the observance of) vows and Tantric practice (caryā) resides in the sacred seat of the great Bhairava, his form fashioned from energies (kalā). His mind intent on (the practice of) that Yoga, he impels the sacred seat of mantras”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Visarada in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Viśārada (विशारद) refers to “one who is eloquent (in speech)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.8.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Sage Nārada:—“O excellent sage, being thus requested by Himavat the lord of mountains, you looked at Kālī’s palm and the limbs as well. O dear, you are wise. You know many facts. You are eloquent in speech [i.e., vāc-viśārada]. You then spoke”.

2) Viśārada (विशारद) refers to “those who are skilled (in fighting)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.10 (“Boasting of Tāraka”).—Accordingly, as Tāraka-Asura fought with Kārttikeya: “[...] They fought and hit each other’s spear taking recourse to the mantras Vaitālika, Khecaraka, Prāptika etc. With these mantras they were possessed of magical properties. They wonderfully fought each other using their full strength and exploits. They were equally good adepts in fighting (raṇa-viśārada). Each wanted to kill the other. They utilised all their power. With the edges of spears they hit each other. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Shaivism)

Viśārada (विशारद) refers to “experts (on the Śaivāgamas)”, according to the Dakṣiṇāmūrti (Dakṣiṇāmūrtistotrabhāvārthavārttika), otherwise known as the Mānasollāsa and attributed to a Sureśvarācārya.—Accordingly, while discussing the thirty-six Tattvas of Śaivism: “Those who know the scriptures of Sāṅkhya know twenty-four Tattvas. Those versed in the Purāṇas teach thirty Tattvas [which are] Mahat, Kāla, Pradhāna, Māyā, Vidyā and Pūruṣa along with the [twenty-four of Sāṅkhya]. Experts (viśārada) on the Śaivāgamas speak of thirty-six, [the six additional ones being,] Bindu, Nāda, Śakti, Śiva, Śānta and finally Atīta”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Viśārada (विशारद) refers to “one who is without fear”, according to  the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 46.—Accordingly, “The reputation of the honest and generous man spreads: among the people well-disposed in the ten directions, there is no one who does not love him; in the great assembly, he is without fear (viśārada); at the moment of death, he has no fear. This man says to himself: ‘I have planted my wealth in the good fields of merit; I will certainly cross through the gate of human happiness, of heavenly happiness and the happiness of nirvāṇa’. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Viśārada (विशारद) refers to “those who are learned” (in the knowledge of reality), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “It is declared, ‘Activity is the action of mind, body and speech’. It is said by those who are learned in the knowledge of reality (tattvajñāna-viśārada), ‘Indeed, that is the cause of the influx of karma’. As a boat in the middle of the ocean takes in water through holes, so a living soul takes in karma through holes of activity which are good and bad”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Visharada in India is the name of a plant defined with Fagonia cretica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Fagonia desertorum Andr..

2) Visharada is also identified with Fagonia indica It has the synonym Fagonia mysorensis Roth (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Diagn. Pl. Orient. (1843)
· Prodr. (DC.) (1824)
· Flora Indica (1768)
· Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France (1900)
· Diagn. Pl. Orient. (1849)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Visharada, for example chemical composition, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visarada in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

visārada : (adj.) self-possessed; confident; skilled.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Visārada, (adj.) (cp. BSk. viśārada, e.g. AvS. I, 180. On etym. see sārada) self-possessed, confident; knowing how to conduct oneself, skilled, wise D. I, 175; II, 86; S. I, 181; IV, 246; V, 261; A. II, 8 (vyatta+); III, 183, 203; IV, 310, 314 sq.; V, 10 sq.; M. I, 386; Ap 23; J. III, 342; V, 41; Miln. 21; Sdhp. 277.—avisārada diffident Miln. 20, 105. (Page 640)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viśārada (विशारद).—a S Learned or versed in; proficient, accomplished, able, skilled.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśārada (विशारद).—a.

1) Clever, skilful, or proficient in, versed in, conversant with (usually in comp.); नानाशस्त्रप्रहरणाः सर्वे युद्धविशारदाः (nānāśastrapraharaṇāḥ sarve yuddhaviśāradāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.9; मधुतानविशारदाः (madhutānaviśāradāḥ) R.9.29;8.17.

2) Learned, wise.

3) Famous, celebrated.

4) Bold, confident.

5) Beautifully autumnal.

6) Lacking the gift of speech.

-daḥ The Bakula tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viśārada (विशारद).—also viśālada, q.v., adj. (doubtless special-ized or developed meaning of Sanskrit id., but hardly used in Sanskrit in this sense; = Pali visā°; see also śāradya), confident, sure of oneself, fearless (Tibetan regularly mi ḥjigs pa, fearless): Mahāvyutpatti 1820, in list of ‘synonyms of abhaya’; regularly epithet of a Buddha or Bodhisattva; caturhi vaiśāradyehi °da, caturvaiśāradya-°da, and the like, see s.v. vaiśāradya; sometimes with near-synonyms, as anolīno Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 278.9; others (of Buddhist or Bodhis.) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 57.9; 59.2; Mahāvastu ii.302.17; in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 70.6 (verse) epithet of Śāriputra (it may be significant that Buddhahood has just been predicted for him); so in Lalitavistara 358.18 (verse) °dāḥ, of persons saved by the Buddha (next line says of them, mokṣyante ca laghuṃ sarve); but in Lalitavistara 377.13 (prose) of monks whom Buddha is going to convert, sthavirā bhikṣavo bhaviṣyanti dāntā…°radā bahuśrutā etc. (but not Buddhas!); Lalitavistara 25.11, see viśālada, and compare Divyāvadāna 617.15 s.v. vaiśāradya. In a less technical sense, of monks, Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 105.6—10 (relating to standard monkish behavior, with confidence); see vaiśāradya, end.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśārada (विशारद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) 1. Learned, wise. 2. Confident, bold, presuming. 3. Famous, celebrated. E. viśāla great, extensive, (fame, &c.) and to give, aff. ka, the la changed to ra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśārada (विशारद).—1. Learned, wise. 2. Skilled, conversant with, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 14; Chr. 5, 5. 3. Famous. 4. Bold, presuming.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśārada (विशारद).—[adjective] experienced, knowing, wise; clever at, familiar with ([locative] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Viśārada (विशारद) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Jaleśvara, grandfather of Svapneśvara (Śāṇḍilyasūtraṭīkā).

2) Viśārada (विशारद):—a writer on dharma is several times quoted by Raghunandana.

3) Viśārada (विशारद):—(Vaidyaviśārada), son of Vaidyacintāmaṇi, grandson of Vaidyavācaspati, great grandson of Yadunātha Sārvabhauma. Viśārada was father of Vaidyarāja (Sukhabodha med.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśarada (विशरद):—[=vi-śarada] [from vi] [wrong reading] for -śārada, [Kathāsaritsāgara xv, 148.]

2) Viśārada (विशारद):—[=vi-śārada] [from vi] a mf(ā)n. experienced, skilled or proficient in, conversant with ([locative case] or [compound]; -tva n., [Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] learned, wise, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] clever (as a speech), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a clear or serene mind, [Lalita-vistara]

6) [v.s. ...] famous, celebrated, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] beautifully autumnal, [Vāsavadattā]

8) [v.s. ...] lacking the gift of speech, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] bold, impudent, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] = śreṣṭha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] m. Mimusops Elengi, [Kirātārjunīya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

12) [v.s. ...] Name of an author and of another person, [Catalogue(s)]

13) Viśāradā (विशारदा):—[=vi-śāradā] [from vi-śārada > vi] f. a kind of Alhagi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Viśārada (विशारद):—[=vi-śārada] b See p. 952, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśārada (विशारद):—[viśāra-da] (daḥ-dā-daṃ) a. Learned, confident, famous.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viśārada (विशारद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Visāraya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Visarada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visarada in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viśārada (विशारद) [Also spelled visharad]:—(a) expert, learned.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viśārada (ವಿಶಾರದ):—

1) [adjective] skilled in; proficient in; conversant with.

2) [adjective] bold; courageious.

3) [adjective] learned; erudite; wise.

4) [adjective] famous; renowned.

--- OR ---

Viśārada (ವಿಶಾರದ):—

1) [noun] a learned man; a scholar.

2) [noun] a skilled, proficient man.

3) [noun] the large, evergreen tree Manilkara hexandra ( = Mimusops hexandra) of Sapotaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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