Shivalaya, Śivālaya, Shiva-alaya: 12 definitions


Shivalaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śivālaya can be transliterated into English as Sivalaya or Shivalaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shivalay.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shivalaya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Śivālaya (शिवालय) is the name of a region situated in the Jñānakailāsa, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.17. Accordingly, “[...] there in the Jñānakailāsa that has five coverings, the primary phallic from of Śiva is stationed in the company of primary energy of Śiva. It has five zones and five Brahmakalās. This is called the abode of Śiva, Śivālaya, the supreme Ātman. There alone stays Parameśvara in the company of Parāśakti. He is skilled in the performance of the five functions of creation, maintenance evanescence and blessing. His body is Existence, Knowledge and Bliss [...]”.

2) Śivālaya (शिवालय) refers to the “temple of Śiva ”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] after performing the purificatory rite of the Bhūtas [viz., bhūtaśuddhi], the installation of the idol (prāṇapratiṣṭhā) shall be performed. If the worship is performed in the temple of Śiva (śivālaya), the guardians of the quarters (dikpāla) shall be installed and worshipped. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Śivālaya (शिवालय) refers to “sanctuary of Śiva §§ 4.2; 5.1.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shivalaya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Śivālaya (शिवालय) refers to a “temple of Śiva”, according to the 9th-century Sarvajñānottaratantra chapter 18.—Accordingly, “Next, I shall teach the best observance among observances, which is known as the Śiva-vrata and which is revered by Asuras and Gods alike. [...] Next, I shall teach the characteristics of a temple of Śiva (śivālaya), as well as [how to perform] the installation of the liṅga, in which the universe is [itself] ‘installed.’ All the gods, beginning with Brahmā, reside in the liṅga; therefore a Yogin who venerates his guru, God and the fire and who has performed his vidyāvrata should install the liṅga, following the procedure taught in scripture. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivalaya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śivālaya (शिवालय).—n (S) Any temple dedicated to Shiva. 2 A place where the dead are buried or burned. Such places are sacred to Shiva.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivalaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śivālaya (शिवालय).—

1) Śiva's abode.

2) the red basil. (-yam) 1 a temple of Śiva.

2) a cemetery.

Derivable forms: śivālayaḥ (शिवालयः).

Śivālaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śiva and ālaya (आलय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivālaya (शिवालय).—m.

(-yaḥ) Red Tulaśi or basil. n.

(-yaṃ) 1. A cemetery or place where dead bodies are burnt or buried. 2. Any temple dedicated to Siva. E. śiva Siva, and ālaya abode.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivālaya (शिवालय).—[masculine] Śiva’s abode (a temple or mount Kailāsa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śivālaya (शिवालय):—[from śiva] m. ‘Ś°’s abode’, Kailāsa, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] ([according to] to some also n.) any temple or shrine dedicated to Ś° (generally containing a Liṅga), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] a cemetery, place where dead bodies are burnt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a place, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] red Tulasī or basil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivālaya (शिवालय):—[śivā+laya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Red tulasi or basil. n. A cemetery; temple of Shiva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shivalaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivalaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śivālaya (शिवालय) [Also spelled shivalay]:—(nm) a temple of Shiv.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivalaya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śivālaya (ಶಿವಾಲಯ):—[noun] a Śiva temple.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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