Prabhakara, Prabhākara, Prābhākara, Prabha-kara: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Prabhakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prabhakara in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—One of the seven sons of Jyotiṣmān, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—A serpent born of the race of Kaśyapa. Śloka 15, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).

2) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—A great sage born of the race of Atri. This sage married the ten daughters of Ghṛtācī born of Raudrāśva (Bhadrāśva) of the family of Pūru. The names of the daughters are Rudrā, Śūdrā, Maladā, Bhadrā, Malahā, Khaladā, Naladā, Surasā, Gocapalā and Strīratnakūṭā.

2) Once when the Sun was in distress while he was being devoured by Rāhu, Sage Prabhākara said 'Svasti' to give salvation for the Sun and instantly the Sun came out from Rāhu’s hold and shone brightly as before. It was as a result of this virtuous deed that the sage got the name Prabhākara. By his great knowledge and eminence he kept glowing the fame of Atrikula earned by generations.

2) Sage Prabhākara conducted a Yāga and on the occasion the devas presented him with great wealth and ten sons (Harivaṃśa, 1. 81-8. 17).

3) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—The sixth division of the land of Kuśadvīpa. (Śloka 13, Chapter 12, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—A son of Jyotiṣmat after whom the varṣa was named.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 28-29; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 24. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 36.

1b) The father of Soma through Madrā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 76.

1c) One of the 20 Sutapa gaṇas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 14.

1d) The Sun and consort of Prabhā who left him for Soma; image of; one wheel and seven horses; Daṇḍi and Pingala are the door-keepers; Dhātā with the pen in his hand; the charioteer, Aruṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 25; 261. 1-8.

1e) An Ātreya; when Sūrya was beaten by Svarbhānu and was falling down to the earth, the whole world became dark when the sage by his words was able to prevent his falling down and thus giving light in the place of darkness.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 70-4; 99. 127.

1f) (c)—a kingdom of Kuśadvīpam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 29; 19. 58; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 26; 49. 54.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.15, I.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Prabhā-kara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prabhakara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) is the son king Vimala from Vimalapura, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, as Nārāyaṇī narrated to a group of divine mothers (mātṛcakra) in presence of Candrasvāmin, who was listening from a tree: “... when it was time for her [Vidyādharī] to be given in marriage, the king heard that a son of King Vimala, named Prabhākara, was equal to her in beauty. While the king was willing to give her to Prabhākara, Vimala also learned that Surasena’s daughter was worthy of his son”.

The story of Prabhākara was narrated by Marubhūti order to entertain the company of prince Naravāhanadatta.

2) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) is the father of Priyaṅkara and the minister of king Jyotiṣprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, as Pulastya said in his hermitage: “... and he [king Jyotiṣprabha] gave him [Somaprabha] as minister the virtuous Priyaṅkara, the son of his own minister named Prabhākara”.

The story of Prabhākara was narrated by Gomukha to Naravāhanadatta in order to demonstrate that “the appointed union of human beings certainly takes place in this world, though vast spaces intervene”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Prabhākara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Prabhākara).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) is an example of a name based on the Sun mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Prabhākara) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prabhakara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—m S (prabhā Light, kara That makes.) The sun.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—m The sun.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prabhakara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prābhākara (प्राभाकर).—'A follower of Prabhākara', a follower of that school of Mīmāṃsā philosophy which is known as प्राभाकर (prābhākara).

Derivable forms: prābhākaraḥ (प्राभाकरः).

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Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—

1) the sun; प्रसन्नत्वात् प्रभाकरः (prasannatvāt prabhākaraḥ) R.1.74.

2) the moon.

3) fire.

4) the ocean.

5) an epithet of Śiva.

6) Name of a learned writer, the founder of a school of Mīmāṃsā philosophy called after him.

7) A gem (padmarāga); Rām.2.114.1.

Derivable forms: prabhākaraḥ (प्रभाकरः).

Prabhākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prabhā and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prabhakara (प्रभकर).—see prabhaṃkara.

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Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—(compare prabhaṃkara), (1) name of a former Buddha: Sukhāvatīvyūha 5.8; of a Buddha in the northern quarter, Sukhāvatīvyūha 98.2; (2) name of a samādhi: Mahāvyutpatti 542; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1413.17; 1418.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The sun. 2. Fire. 3. The moon. 4. The ocean. 5. An epithet of Siva. 6. Name of a learned author, the founder of that school of the Mimansa philosophy which goes by his name. E. prabhā light, and kara what makes. “kuśadvīpasthe varṣabhedeḥ aṣṭamamanvantare ca” .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—[prabhā-kara], m. 1. The sun. 2. The moon. 3. Fire. 4. A proper name = Kumārilasvāmin.

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Prābhākara (प्राभाकर).—i. e. prabhākara + a, m. pl. The followers of Prabhākara, one of the sects of the Pūrva Mīmānsā school, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 211, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—[masculine] the sun (light-maker); a man’s name.

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Prābhākara (प्राभाकर).—[masculine] a follower of Prabhākara; [neuter] his work (ph.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a tāntric writer. Mentioned Oxf. 101^b.

2) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर):—Kāśīkhaṇḍakathākeli. Kāśītattvadīpikā. Gayāpaddhatidīpikā.

3) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर):—Kṛṣṇavilāsakāvya.

4) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर):—Dharmasāra.

5) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर):—son of Bhūdhara, wrote in 1617: Gītarāghava.

6) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर):—son of Mādhava Bhaṭṭa, grandson of Rāmeśvara Bhaṭṭa, brother and pupil of Viśvanātha, and Raghunātha, born in 1564: Ekāvalīprakāśa. Kumārasambhavaṭīkā. Cūrṇikā Vāsavadattāṭīkā. Rasapradīpa, written in 1583. Laghusaptaśatikāstava, written in 1629. Vivāhapaṭala. Śāstradīpikā. Hall. p. 181.

7) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर):—son of Mādhava: Alaṃkārarahasya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर):—[=prabhā-kara] [from prabhā > pra-bhā] m. ‘light-maker’, the sun ([dual number] sun and moon), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Samādhi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Śivagītā, ascribed to the padma-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a class of deities under the 8th Manu, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a serpent-demon, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] of a sage of the race of Atri, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Jyotiṣ-mat, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a teacher of the Mīmāṃsā philosophy (associated with Kumārilabhaṭṭa), [Colebrooke]

11) [v.s. ...] of sub voce other teachers and authors (also prabhākara-guru, -candra, -datta, -deva, -nandana, -mitra), [Catalogue(s)]

12) Prābhākara (प्राभाकर):—[=prā-bhākara] [from prā] mf(ī)n. derived from prabhā-kara, [Dharmaśarmābhyudaya]

13) [v.s. ...] m. a follower of Pr°, [Vedāntasāra]

14) [v.s. ...] n. the work of Pr°, [Pratāparudrīya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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