Prabhakara, aka: Prabhākara, Prābhākara, Prabha-kara; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prabhakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Prabhakara in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—One of the seven sons of Jyotiṣmān, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—A serpent born of the race of Kaśyapa. Śloka 15, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).

2) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—A great sage born of the race of Atri. This sage married the ten daughters of Ghṛtācī born of Raudrāśva (Bhadrāśva) of the family of Pūru. The names of the daughters are Rudrā, Śūdrā, Maladā, Bhadrā, Malahā, Khaladā, Naladā, Surasā, Gocapalā and Strīratnakūṭā.

2) Once when the Sun was in distress while he was being devoured by Rāhu, Sage Prabhākara said 'Svasti' to give salvation for the Sun and instantly the Sun came out from Rāhu’s hold and shone brightly as before. It was as a result of this virtuous deed that the sage got the name Prabhākara. By his great knowledge and eminence he kept glowing the fame of Atrikula earned by generations.

2) Sage Prabhākara conducted a Yāga and on the occasion the devas presented him with great wealth and ten sons (Harivaṃśa, 1. 81-8. 17).

3) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—The sixth division of the land of Kuśadvīpa. (Śloka 13, Chapter 12, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—A son of Jyotiṣmat after whom the varṣa was named.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 28-29; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 24. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 36.

1b) The father of Soma through Madrā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 76.

1c) One of the 20 Sutapa gaṇas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 14.

1d) The Sun and consort of Prabhā who left him for Soma; image of; one wheel and seven horses; Daṇḍi and Pingala are the door-keepers; Dhātā with the pen in his hand; the charioteer, Aruṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 25; 261. 1-8.

1e) An Ātreya; when Sūrya was beaten by Svarbhānu and was falling down to the earth, the whole world became dark when the sage by his words was able to prevent his falling down and thus giving light in the place of darkness.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 70-4; 99. 127.

1f) (c)—a kingdom of Kuśadvīpam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 29; 19. 58; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 26; 49. 54.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Prabhakara in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.15, I.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Prabhā-kara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Katha (narrative stories)

Prabhakara in Katha glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) is the son king Vimala from Vimalapura, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, as Nārāyaṇī narrated to a group of divine mothers (mātṛcakra) in presence of Candrasvāmin, who was listening from a tree: “... when it was time for her [Vidyādharī] to be given in marriage, the king heard that a son of King Vimala, named Prabhākara, was equal to her in beauty. While the king was willing to give her to Prabhākara, Vimala also learned that Surasena’s daughter was worthy of his son”.

The story of Prabhākara was narrated by Marubhūti order to entertain the company of prince Naravāhanadatta.

2) Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) is the father of Priyaṅkara and the minister of king Jyotiṣprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, as Pulastya said in his hermitage: “... and he [king Jyotiṣprabha] gave him [Somaprabha] as minister the virtuous Priyaṅkara, the son of his own minister named Prabhākara”.

The story of Prabhākara was narrated by Gomukha to Naravāhanadatta in order to demonstrate that “the appointed union of human beings certainly takes place in this world, though vast spaces intervene”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Prabhākara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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India history and geogprahy

Prabhākara (प्रभाकर) is an example of a name based on the Sun mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Prabhākara) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Prabhakara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—m S (prabhā Light, kara That makes.) The sun.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—m The sun.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabhakara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prābhākara (प्राभाकर).—'A follower of Prabhākara', a follower of that school of Mīmāṃsā philosophy which is known as प्राभाकर (prābhākara).

Derivable forms: prābhākaraḥ (प्राभाकरः).

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Prabhākara (प्रभाकर).—

1) the sun; प्रसन्नत्वात् प्रभाकरः (prasannatvāt prabhākaraḥ) R.1.74.

2) the moon.

3) fire.

4) the ocean.

5) an epithet of Śiva.

6) Name of a learned writer, the founder of a school of Mīmāṃsā philosophy called after him.

7) A gem (padmarāga); Rām.2.114.1.

Derivable forms: prabhākaraḥ (प्रभाकरः).

Prabhākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prabhā and kara (कर).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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