Dhanurveda; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dhanurveda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद).—The science of war; taught by Droṇa to the Pāṇḍavas;1 Satyadhṛti well versed in;2 learnt by Kṛṣṇa and Rāma;3 personified,4 knowledge of, essential to a king; Prācetasas was an expert in;5 variety and detail of.6

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 79. 91. 91. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 28; IV. 19. 60. Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 7. 44; III. 12. 38. Matsya-purāṇa 4. 47; 50. 9.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 35; Matsya-purāṇa 215. 8.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 45. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 88; 37. 27.
  • 4) Ib. IV. 17. 38-41; Matsya-purāṇa 220. 2.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 14. 6.
  • 6) Ib. V. 21. 21.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) is the name of various Sanskrit works mentioned by Sri E.D. Kulkarni in his article “The Dhanurveda and its contribution to lexicography” (Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute Vol. 3, 1952):

  1. The Dhanurveda of Vasiṣṭha (Published),
  2. The Dhanurveda of Viśvāmitra (Mss. belongs to Tirupati Library No. 7493b),
  3. The Dhanurveda of Jāmadagnya,
  4. The Dhanurveda of Auśanasa,
  5. The Dhanurveda of Vaiśaṃpāyana.
  6. The Dhanurveda attributed to Śiva (Mss. belongs to Darbar Library, Nepal No. 557),
(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद).—The existence of Dhanurveda or “Science of Archery” can be traced back to ancient time as is evident from referencesin several ancient literatures. Viṣṇu Purāṇa refers it as one of the eighteen branches of knowledge taught by Bhṛgu, while the Mahābhārata mentions it as having sutras like other vedas. Śukranīti describes it as that ‘upaveda of yajurveda’ which has five arts or practical aspects.

Besides providing the account of the training of the archers, Vasiṣṭha’s Dhanurveda describes difierent types of bows and arrows, process of making them, different steps inpractice teaching. Adoption of tāntric ways for wining the battle, worship of different gods for victory, application of herbs, charms as preventive measures in war, formation of arrays, duties of kings and army commanders, training of the elephants, horses have also been dealt with.

(Source): archive.org: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Nītiśāstra (politics and ethical conduct)

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद).—Accordign to the first chapter of the Nītiprakāśikā:— The Dhanurveda is created by Brahmā to control wicked people and it is given to Prthu by fate. Dhanuraveda protects his subjects like father protects sons. Here, described about the nature of peace and war, six political principles, viz, (sandhi, vigraha, yāna, āsana, dvaidhībhāva and saṃśraya), possessing the six royal qualities (eloquence, fearlessness, wise, retentive memory, well versed in polity and gifted with originality), the seven state requisites, and consider all the fourteen faults, spies, and if the enemy is very weak than quickly attack with the three fold power, (king, minister and warlike enterprize), at the correct time a king should start the march.

(Source): Shodhganga: Rajadharma in the Mahabharata
context information

Nītiśāstra (नीतिशास्त्र, niti-shastra) represents ancient Indian political science, ethics, welfare and conduct, and royal responsibilities. It is closely related with arthaśāstra (economics and statecraft) and dharmaśāstra (religious law).

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