Puratana, Purātana: 16 definitions


Puratana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Puratan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Puratana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Purātana (पुरातन) refers to the “primordial being” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.42.—Accordingly, as Dakṣa bowed and eulogised Śiva:—“I bow to the great lord, the supreme being, the bestower of boons, the store of knowledge, the eternal. I bow to Śiva, the lord of the chief of Gods, always conferring happiness and the sole kinsman of the universe. I bow to the lord of the universe, of cosmic form, the primordial Being (i.e., Purātana) and the form of Brahman itself. I bow to Śiva, the conceiver of world’s happiness and the greater than the greatest. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puratana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

purātana : (adj.) ancient; old; worn out; used; former.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Purātana, (adj.) (fr. purā, cp. sanātana in formation) belonging to the past, former, old Nett A 194. (Page 469)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

purātana (पुरातन).—a (S) Old, ancient, antique.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

purātana (पुरातन).—a Old or ancient.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Purātana (पुरातन).—a. (- f.)

1) Old, ancient; बहिर्विकारं प्रकृतेः परं विदुः पुरातनं त्वां पुरुषं पुराविदः (bahirvikāraṃ prakṛteḥ paraṃ viduḥ purātanaṃ tvāṃ puruṣaṃ purāvidaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 12.6; स एवायं मया तेऽद्य योगः प्रोक्तः पुरातनः (sa evāyaṃ mayā te'dya yogaḥ proktaḥ purātanaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 4.3.

2) Aged, primeval; त्वां न वेद्मि पुरुषं पुरातनम् (tvāṃ na vedmi puruṣaṃ purātanam) R.11.85; Kumārasambhava 6.9.

3) Worn out, decayed.

-naḥ 1 An epithet of Viṣṇu.

2) (pl.) The ancients. (-nam) 1 An ancient story.

2) A Purāṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purātana (पुरातन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) 1. Old, ancient. 2. Worn out. m.

(-naḥ) An epithet of Vishnu. E. purā old, ṭhya, aff., and tuṭ augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purātana (पुरातन).—[purā + tana], I. adj., f. , Old, ancient, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 213. Ii. n. An old tale, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 45, 13.

— Cf. [Latin] (regarding the form) prôtenus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purātana (पुरातन).—[feminine] ī existing from of old, former, ancient, [locative] in the times of old; [masculine] [plural] the ancients.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Purātana (पुरातन):—[=purā-tana] [from pur] mf(ī)n. belonging to the past, former, old, ancient (ne ind. formerly, in olden times), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] used-up, worn out, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the ancients, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) [v.s. ...] n. an ancient story, old legend, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a Purāṇa, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purātana (पुरातन):—[(naḥ-nī-naṃ) a.] Old, ancient.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Purātana (पुरातन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Purāaṇa, Purilla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Puratana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puratana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Purātana (पुरातन) [Also spelled puratan]:—(a) ancient, old, age-old, of antiquity, archaic; ~[] archaism; ~[tāvāda] see ~[vāda; ~tāvādī] a lover of archaism; archaic; —[prayoga] archaic usage; archaism; ~[vāda] antiquarianism; archaism; hence ~[vādī] (a and nm).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Purātana (ಪುರಾತನ):—[adjective] belonging to olden times; very old; ancient.

--- OR ---

Purātana (ಪುರಾತನ):—

1) [noun] the quality or fact of being ancient.

2) [noun] that which belongs to ancient times.

3) [noun] a man of ancient times.

4) [noun] any of the sixty three revered, Vīraśaiva personalities.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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