Tirthakara, Tīrthakara, Tirtha-kara: 12 definitions


Tirthakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tirthakara in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Tīrthakara (तीर्थकर) is a word similar to Tīrthika which refers to a “follower of a religion or a sect”, as mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 17.50, 103.—In 17.50 the Cārvāka addresses the adherents of the orthodox faith as Tīrthika. [...] Laṅkāvatārasūtra uses the words Tīrthya and Tīrthakara in a similar sense. As pointed out by the editors, the word Tīrthya (Tīrthakara) generally means “non-Buddhists”, who often turn out to be followers of the Brahmanical schools. The Buddhists thus use the words Tīrthika, Tīrthya and Tīrthakara to signify the adherents o f non-Buddhist, especially Brahmanical, schools of thought, as distinguished from the members of their own faith, the Svayūthyas, as they are called in the Bodhicaryāvatārapañjikā.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tīrthakara.—(BL), epithet of the Jinas; same as Tīrthaṅ- kara (q. v.). Note: tīrthakara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tirthakara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tīrthakara (तीर्थकर).—

1) a Jaina Arhat, sanctified teacher or saint of the Jainas; (also tīrthakara in this sense).

2) an ascetic.

3) the founder of a new religious or philosophical school.

4) Name of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: tīrthakaraḥ (तीर्थकरः).

Tīrthakara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tīrtha and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tīrthakara (तीर्थकर).—(see the following items; = Pali titthakara; compare Sanskrit tīrthaṃkara, used by Jains of their own sect- founders; in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] as in Pali always pejorative, of heretics; see however s.v. tīrthika), heretical sectarian, heresiarch, founder of a heresy: śramaṇa-brāhmaṇa-tīrthakarehi Mahāvastu i.234.17; °karā nigṛhītāḥ Avadāna-śataka ii.187.3; °karāṇām Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 11.12. All prose.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīrthakara (तीर्थकर).—m.

(-raḥ) One of the synonyms of a Jina or sanctified teacher of the Jaina sect. E. tīrtha pure, purity, and kara who does or acts; also retaining the nasal. tīrthaṅkara. tīrthaṃ śāstraṃ karoti kṛ-ṭa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīrthakara (तीर्थकर).—[tīrtha-kara], I. adj. Saving, Mahābhārata 13, 7023. Ii. m. A Brāhmaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīrthakara (तीर्थकर).—[adjective] creating a passage, sc. through life (Viṣṇu & Śiva); [masculine] a venerable person, [especially] the chief of a sect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tīrthakara (तीर्थकर):—[=tīrtha-kara] [from tīrtha > tīra] mfn. creating a passage (through life), [Mahābhārata xiii, 7023] (Viṣṇu)

2) [v.s. ...] m. Śiva

3) [v.s. ...] a head of a sect, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha iv, vi, ix]

4) [v.s. ...] = -kṛt, [Jaina literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīrthakara (तीर्थकर):—[tīrtha-kara] (raḥ) 1. m. A Jaina.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tirthakara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tirthakara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tīrthakara (ತೀರ್ಥಕರ):—[noun] = ತೀರ್ಥಂಕರ [tirthamkara].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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