Lohita, Lohitā: 32 definitions

Introduction:

Lohita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Lohitā (लोहिता).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Lohita (लोहित).—(rohita) Son of Hariścandra. (For details see under HARIŚCANDRA).

2) Lohita (लोहित).—A king of ancient India. This king was conquered by Arjuna. (Śloka 17, Chapter 27, Vana Parva).

3) Lohita (लोहित).—A serpent. This serpent is a member of the court of Varuṇa. (Śloka 8, Chapter 9, Sabhā Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Lohita (लोहित) is the name of a lake.—Cf. Bṛhallohita as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.5. Note: The lake Lohita lies at the foot of the mountain Lohita—Hemaśṛṅga or Sarvoṣadha, situated on the north of the Hemakūṭa (Kailāsa) range. It is the source-lake of the Lauhitya identified with the modern river Brahmaputra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Lohita (लोहित).—Mt. next to Candraprabha lake. YakṣaMaṇidhara's residence.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 10-12.

1b) Angāraka above Śukra in the grahamaṇḍala.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 70; IV. 2. 132; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 132.

1c) A Kauśika and a sage; a Brahmiṣṭha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 118; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 112.

1d) A Trayārṣeya; not to marry with Viśvāmitra, Aṣṭaka, etc.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 198. 15.

1e) A river in Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 96.

1f) A son of Agni; of nine rays; born of Pūrvāṣāḍha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 82, 86 and 108.

1g) A lake in the Lohita hill at the foot of Hemaśṛṅga from which rises the R. Lauhityā; on its banks is the garden of Viśoka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 11; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 10.

1h) A Varṣa of Śālmalidvīpa, adjoining the Uttama (Unnata, Vāyu-purāṇa) hill.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 39.

1i) The place of Lohita in the maṇḍalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 59.

1j) Sons of Kallolaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 442.

2) Lohitā (लोहिता).—A river from the Himālayas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 27.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Lohita (लोहित) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.8, II.24.16, IX.44.101) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Lohita) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Lohita in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) R.Parker from the Meliaceae (Neem) family having the following synonyms: Aglaia polystachya, Amoora rohituka, Andersonia rohituka. For the possible medicinal usage of lohita, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Lohita (लोहित) or Lohitaśāli refers to a variety of rice (śāli) and is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the śāli (rice varieties) group  Lohita-śāli is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Lohita (लोहित):—[lohitam] Blood or synonym of blood

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Lohitā (लोहिता) is another name for Raktapunarnavā, a medicinal plant identified with Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. or “red spiderling” from the Nyctaginaceae or “four o'clock” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.117-120 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Lohitā and Raktapunarnavā, there are a total of twenty-two Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Research Gate: On Fish in Manasollasa (c. 1131 AD)

Lohita (लोहित) or Rohita refers to a type of fish identified with Labeo rohita Ham., as mentioned in the 12th-century Mānasollāsa or Abhilaṣitārthachintāmaṇi, an ancient Sanskrit text describing thirty-five kinds of marine and fresh water fishes.—Rohita has been described as scaly, medium-sized fish that inhabits rivers. Sanskrit literature frequently mentions this name. Bhavaprakasha (Chunekar and Pandey, 1986) describes rohita as a red fish that is best for human consumption. Rohita (or lohita) means red. Hora (1951) suggests rohita as Labeo fimbriatus Bl. instead of L. rohita Ham. or popularly called rohu, because the latter is of a rather large size, and not of medium size as described by Someshvardeva. However, we do not consider Hora’s reason sufficiently strong. Many other authorities have consistently maintained that rohita is L. rohita. Rohita also has a name (tambada masa = red fish) in Marathi. We, therefore, maintain that rohita should be identified as L. rohita, which is a very commonly found carp.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Lohita (लोहित) refers to “red”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 224-228).—Accordingly, “[Then he notices the dvārapāla (guardian of the gate), about which it is said that] [Caṇḍikā] had protected her entrance with an iron buffalo installed in front, which, because of the fact that it had been marked by palms [dyed with] red-sandalwood, seemed to have been stamped by Yama’s hand-prints red with blood, the red eyes (lohita-locana) of which were being licked by jackals greedy for drops of blood”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Lohita (लोहित) or Lohitaka refers to the “color red” which were used as symbols for the unknowns, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—Āryabhaṭa I (499) very probably used coloured shots to represent unknowns. Brahmagupta (628) in the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta mentions varṇa as the symbols of unknowns. As he has not attempted in any way to explain this method of symbolism, it appears that the method was already very familiar. [...] In the case of more unknowns, it is usual to denote the first yāvattāvat and the remaining ones by alphabets or colours [e.g., lohita].—Cf. Pṛthūdakasvāmī (860) in his commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta (628) and Bhāskara II in the Bījagaṇita.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

1) Lohita (लोहित) or “blood” is associated with Sauṇḍinī and Hayagrīva, according to the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Sauṇḍinī and Hayagrīva:

Circle: kāyacakra (body-wheel) (white);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Sauṇḍinī;
Ḍāka (male consort): Hayagrīva;
Bīja: sauṃ;
Body-part: thighs;
Pīṭha: Saurāṣhṭra;
Bodily constituent: lohita (blood);
Bodhipakṣha (wings of enlightenment): dharmavicayabodhyaṅga (awakening of investigation).

2) Lohita (लोहित) refers to a “red (color)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Locanī, having a golden color, arrow and shining appearance, Māmakī, having a dark-blue color, water, grain and a bouquet, Pāṇḍarā, having a red color (lohita-varṇā), and drawing a bow and arrow, Holy goddess Ārya Tārā, having a green color and blue lotus”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Lohita (लोहित, “blood”) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., lohita]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Lohita (लोहित, “red”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., lohita). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Lohita.—(ML), a blood relation. Note: lohita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lohita : (nt.) blood. (adj.), red.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lohita, (adj. -nt.) (cp. Vedic lohita & rohita; see also P. rohita “red”) 1. (adj.) red: rarely by itself (e.g. M. II, 17), usually in cpds. e.g. °abhijāti the red species (q. v.) A. III, 383; °kasiṇa the artifice of red D. III, 268; A. I, 41; Dhs. 203; Vism. 173; °candana red sandal (unguent) Miln. 191. Otherwise rohita.—2. (nt.) blood; described in detail as one of the 32 ākāras at KhA 54 sq.; Vism. 261, 360; VbhA. 245.—Vin. I, 203 (āmaka°), 205 (°ṃ mocetuṃ); A. IV, 135 (saṭṭhi-mattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ uṇhaṃ l. mukhato uggañchi; cp. the similar passage at Miln. 165); Sn. 433; Pv. I, 67; I, 91 (explained as ruhira PvA. 44); Vism. 261 (two kinds; sannicita° and saṃsaraṇa°), 409 (the colour of the heartblood in relation to states of mind); VbhA. 66; PvA. 56, 78, 110.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lōhita (लोहित).—n S Blood. 2 Redness.

--- OR ---

lōhita (लोहित).—a S Blood-colored: also red in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lōhita (लोहित).—n Blood; Redness. a Red.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lohita (लोहित) or Lohitā (लोहिता).—a. ([lohitā] or [lohinī] f.) [रुह्-इतन् रस्य लः (ruh-itan rasya laḥ) Uṇādi-sūtra 3.95]

1) Red, red-coloured; स्रस्तांसावतिमात्रलोहिततलौ बाहू घटोत्क्षेपणात् (srastāṃsāvatimātralohitatalau bāhū ghaṭotkṣepaṇāt) Ś.1.29; Kumārasambhava 3.29; मुहुश्चलत्पल्लवलोहिनीभि- रुच्चैः शिखाभिः शिखिनोऽवलीढाः (muhuścalatpallavalohinībhi- ruccaiḥ śikhābhiḥ śikhino'valīḍhāḥ) Kirātārjunīya 16.53; शुक्लानि कृष्णान्यथ लोहितानि (śuklāni kṛṣṇānyatha lohitāni) Bhāgavata 11.23.44 (lohita is attributed to rājasa).

2) Copper, made of copper.

-taḥ 1 The red colour.

2) The planet Mars.

3) A serpent.

4) A kind of deer.

5) Name of the river Brahmaputra.

6) A kind of rice.

7) A particular disease of the eyelids.

8) A kind of precious stone.

-tā Name of one of the seven tongues of fire.

-tam 1 Copper.

2) Blood; अप्सु लोहितं च रेतश्च निधीयते (apsu lohitaṃ ca retaśca nidhīyate) Bṛ. Up.3.2.13; त्वग्भेदकः शतं दण्ड्यो लोहितस्य च दर्शकः (tvagbhedakaḥ śataṃ daṇḍyo lohitasya ca darśakaḥ) Manusmṛti 8.284.

3) Saffron.

4) Battle.

5) Red sanders.

6) A kind of sandal; तौ लोहितस्य प्रियदर्शनस्य सदोचितावुत्तम- चन्दनस्य (tau lohitasya priyadarśanasya sadocitāvuttama- candanasya) Rām.3.63.8.

7) An imperfect form of a rainbow.

8) A kind of agallochum.

See also (synonyms): lohinī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lohita (लोहित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā or nī-taṃ) 1. Red, of a red colour. 2. Made of copper. m.

(-taḥ) 1. Red, the colour. 2. The planet Mars. 3. One of the male rivers. 4. The Rohi-fish, (Cyprinus Rohita, Ham.) 5. A sort of deer. 6. A snake. 7. A deity, a demi-god. 8. A sort of bean, (Ervum hirsutum.) 9. A form of array. 10. A tree, (Andersonia Rohitaka.) n.

(-taṃ) 1. Blood. 2. A red kind of Agallochum. 3. Saffron. 4. Red sanders. 5. War, battle. 6. Copper. 7. An imperfect form of a rainbow. f.

(-tā) 1. A woman red with anger or with colour, &c. 2. A sort of creeper, (Lycopodium imbricatum.) E. ruh to grow, itac Unadi aff., and ra changed to la .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lohita (लोहित).— (= lohita, q. cf.), I. adj., f. , or inī, Red, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 29. Ii. m. 1. Red, the colour. 2. The planet Mars. 3. A sort of deer. 4. A snake. 5. A form of array. 6. A sort of fish, Cyprinus rohita. 7. (m. ?). A kind of mineral, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 89. Iii. n. 1. Blood, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 56. 2. War, battle. 3. Red sanders. 4. Saffron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lohita (लोहित).—([feminine] & lohinī) reddish, red, coppery, metallic.

— [masculine] a cert. precious stone, (*a kind of fish*). [Name] of a serpent-demon etc.; [neuter] copper, metal i.[grammar], blood, *saffron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lohita (लोहित):—[from loha] 1. lohita mf(ā or lohinī)n. (cf. rohita) red, red-coloured, reddish, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] made of copper, copper, metal, [Atharva-veda; Kauśika-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. red (the colour), redness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] disease of the eyelids, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of precious stone, [Pañcatantra]

6) [v.s. ...] a species of rice, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

7) [v.s. ...] a sort of bean or lentil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Dioscorea Purpurea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Cyprinus Rohita, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a sort of deer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a snake, serpent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] the planet Mars, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a serpent-demon, [Mahābhārata]

14) [v.s. ...] of a man ([plural] his descendants), [Pravara texts; Harivaṃśa] (cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 18])

15) [v.s. ...] of a country, [Mahābhārata]

16) [v.s. ...] of a river (the Brahma-putra), [ib.]

17) [v.s. ...] of a sea, [ib.; Rāmāyaṇa]

18) [v.s. ...] of a lake, [Harivaṃśa]

19) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) of a class of gods under the 12th Manu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

20) Lohitā (लोहिता):—[from lohita > loha] f. Name of one of the 7 tongues of Agni, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

21) [v.s. ...] Mimosa Pudica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] a Punar-navā with red flowers, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) Lohita (लोहित):—[from loha] n. any red substance, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

24) [v.s. ...] n. (also m. [gana] ardharcādi; ifc. f(ā). ), blood, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc. (taṃkṛ, to shed blood)

25) [v.s. ...] n. ruby, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

26) [v.s. ...] red sanders, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) [v.s. ...] a kind of sandal-wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

28) [v.s. ...] a kind of Agallochum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) [v.s. ...] an imperfect form of rainbow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) [v.s. ...] a battle, fight, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) [from loha] 2. lohita [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] tati, to be or become red, [Vopadeva]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lohita (लोहित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Red. m. Red colour; Mars; Rohi fish; deer; snake, demigod; sort of bean; form of army f. () Woman red with anger or paint; a creeper. n. Blood; saffron; sanders; war.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Lohita (लोहित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Lohia, Lohiā, Lohiāa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lohita in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Lohita (लोहित) [Also spelled lohit]:—(a) red, reddened; ~[nayana] red-eyed, one whose eyes are red (with anger etc).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lōhita (ಲೋಹಿತ):—[adjective] red; red-coloured; reddish.

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Lōhita (ಲೋಹಿತ):—

1) [noun] the red colour.

2) [noun] the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped through the body by the heart and contains plasma, blood, and platelets; blood.

3) [noun] the red metal; copper.

4) [noun] intense anger; wrath; ire.

5) [noun] joy; happiness.

6) [noun] a heavy iron tool, having a sharp blade and a long handle, used for chopping trees and splitting wood; an axe; a hatchet.

7) [noun] the state or fact of being entire; wholeness; completeness; entirety.

8) [noun] a species of fish.

9) [noun] the dried, aromatic stigmas of the plant Crocus sativus, used in flavoring and colouring foods, and formerly in medicine; saffron powder.

10) [noun] the red-planet; the Mars.

11) [noun] a kind of deer.

12) [noun] name of a mighty river flowing from the Himalayan range of mountains through Assam (in north-eastern part of India) and Bangladesh and joins the Ganga river; Brahmaputra.

13) [noun] a red species of paddy.

14) [noun] a clear, deep-red variety of corundum, valued as a precious stone; a ruby.

15) [noun] a kind of eye-disease, characterised by reddening of the eye.

16) [noun] a stick with a pointed end, for driving elephants; a goad.

17) [noun] the flower of the tree Albizzia lebbek.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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