Lohita, aka: Lohitā; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Lohita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Lohita (लोहित) is another name for Punarnavā, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed) from the Nyctaginaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.117-119), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

Lohita in Purana glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

Lohitā (लोहिता).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Lohita (लोहित).—Mt. next to Candraprabha lake. YakṣaMaṇidhara's residence.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 10-12.

1b) Angāraka above Śukra in the grahamaṇḍala.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 70; IV. 2. 132; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 132.

1c) A Kauśika and a sage; a Brahmiṣṭha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 118; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 112.

1d) A Trayārṣeya; not to marry with Viśvāmitra, Aṣṭaka, etc.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 198. 15.

1e) A river in Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 96.

1f) A son of Agni; of nine rays; born of Pūrvāṣāḍha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 82, 86 and 108.

1g) A lake in the Lohita hill at the foot of Hemaśṛṅga from which rises the R. Lauhityā; on its banks is the garden of Viśoka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 11; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 10.

1h) A Varṣa of Śālmalidvīpa, adjoining the Uttama (Unnata, Vāyu-purāṇa) hill.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 39.

1i) The place of Lohita in the maṇḍalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 59.

1j) Sons of Kallolaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 442.

2) Lohitā (लोहिता).—A river from the Himālayas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 27.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Lohita (लोहित) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.8, II.24.16, IX.44.101) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Lohita) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Lohita (लोहित, “blood”) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., lohita]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Lohita (लोहित, “red”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., lohita). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Lohita in Pali glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

lohita : (nt.) blood. (adj.), red.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Lohita, (adj. -nt.) (cp. Vedic lohita & rohita; see also P. rohita “red”) 1. (adj.) red: rarely by itself (e.g. M. II, 17), usually in cpds. e.g. °abhijāti the red species (q. v.) A. III, 383; °kasiṇa the artifice of red D. III, 268; A. I, 41; Dhs. 203; Vism. 173; °candana red sandal (unguent) Miln. 191. Otherwise rohita.—2. (nt.) blood; described in detail as one of the 32 ākāras at KhA 54 sq.; Vism. 261, 360; VbhA. 245.—Vin. I, 203 (āmaka°), 205 (°ṃ mocetuṃ); A. IV, 135 (saṭṭhi-mattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ uṇhaṃ l. mukhato uggañchi; cp. the similar passage at Miln. 165); Sn. 433; Pv. I, 67; I, 91 (expld as ruhira PvA. 44); Vism. 261 (two kinds; sannicita° and saṃsaraṇa°), 409 (the colour of the heartblood in relation to states of mind); VbhA. 66; PvA. 56, 78, 110.

—akkha having red (blood-shot) eyes (of snakes & yakkhas) Vv 522 (cp. VvA. 224: ratta-nayanā; yakkhānaṃ hi nettāni ati-lohitāni honti); J. VI, 180. —uppāda (the crime of) wounding A Tathāgata, one of the anantariya-kammas VbhA. 427; cp. Tathāgatassa lohitaṃ uppādeti Miln. 214. —uppādaka one who sheds the blood of an Arahant Vin. I, 89, 136, 320; V, 222. —kumbhi a receptacle for blood Ud. 17 (with ref. to the womb). —doṇi a bloody trough Vism. 358; VbhA. 62. —pakkhandikā (or °pakkhandik’ābādha) bloody diarrhœa, dysentery M. I, 316; D. II, 127; Ud. 82; J. II, 213; Miln. 134, 175; DhA. III, 269. —homa a sacrifice of blood D. I, 9; DA. I, 93. (Page 589)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

lōhita (लोहित).—n S Blood. 2 Redness.

--- OR ---

lōhita (लोहित).—a S Blood-colored: also red in general.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lōhita (लोहित).—n Blood; Redness. a Red.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lohita (लोहित) or Lohitā (लोहिता).—a. ([lohitā] or [lohinī] f.) [रुह्-इतन् रस्य लः (ruh-itan rasya laḥ) Uṇ.3.95]

1) Red, red-coloured; स्रस्तांसावतिमात्रलोहिततलौ बाहू घटोत्क्षेपणात् (srastāṃsāvatimātralohitatalau bāhū ghaṭotkṣepaṇāt) Ś.1.29; Ku.3.29; मुहुश्चलत्पल्लवलोहिनीभि- रुच्चैः शिखाभिः शिखिनोऽवलीढाः (muhuścalatpallavalohinībhi- ruccaiḥ śikhābhiḥ śikhino'valīḍhāḥ) Ki.16.53; शुक्लानि कृष्णान्यथ लोहितानि (śuklāni kṛṣṇānyatha lohitāni) Bhāg.11.23.44 (lohita is attributed to rājasa).

2) Copper, made of copper.

-taḥ 1 The red colour.

2) The planet Mars.

3) A serpent.

4) A kind of deer.

5) Name of the river Brahmaputra.

6) A kind of rice.

7) A particular disease of the eyelids.

8) A kind of precious stone.

-tā Name of one of the seven tongues of fire.

-tam 1 Copper.

2) Blood; अप्सु लोहितं च रेतश्च निधीयते (apsu lohitaṃ ca retaśca nidhīyate) Bṛ. Up.3.2.13; त्वग्भेदकः शतं दण्ड्यो लोहितस्य च दर्शकः (tvagbhedakaḥ śataṃ daṇḍyo lohitasya ca darśakaḥ) Ms.8.284.

3) Saffron.

4) Battle.

5) Red sanders.

6) A kind of sandal; तौ लोहितस्य प्रियदर्शनस्य सदोचितावुत्तम- चन्दनस्य (tau lohitasya priyadarśanasya sadocitāvuttama- candanasya) Rām.3.63.8.

7) An imperfect form of a rainbow.

8) A kind of agallochum.

See also (synonyms): lohinī.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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