Union: 3 definitions


Union means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Love in Union is denoted by the Sanskrit term Saṃbhoga and refers to one of the two types of Rati (Erotic Emotion), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Śṛṇgāra or the sentiment of love is very important in kāvya specially in dramas. Rati i.e erotic emotion is the sthāyībhāva or permanent feeling of śṛṇgāra. Śyāma i.e dark blue is the colour of this sentiment. Viṣṇu is the God of this sentiment. It is of two kinds viz., saṃbhoga i.e., love in union and viraha i.e., love in separation. The Nāṭyaśāstra also admits it in the same spirit.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Union (of the individual self with Brahma) is denoted by the Sanskrit term Aikya, according to Divākara’s commentary on the Bodhasāra’s first verse on its section on Rājayoga.—Accordingly, “Rājayoga is the yoga of kings, because rulers can accomplish it even when [they] remain in their position (i.e., as kings). [It is] the yoga associated with [kings] and its [main] characteristic is knowledge concerning the union (aikya) of the individual self with Brahma”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Union in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) a union..—union (यूनियन) is alternatively transliterated as Yūniyana.

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