Karnikara, aka: Karṇikārā, Karṇikāra; 9 Definition(s)
Karnikara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Karṇikāra (कर्णिकार) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Karṇikāra) is named Gajādhyakṣa. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Karṇikāra (कर्णिकार) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The karṇikāra-maṇḍapa is to be built with 20 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.
Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., karṇikāra) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”Source: Wisdom Library: Purāṇas
Karṇikāra (कर्णिकार).—A son of Jaṭāyu.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 36.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Karṇikāra (कर्णिकार) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Karṇikāra) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.
The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The karṇikāra is difficult to pin down with certainty. In most instances it seems to be a tree with distinctive yellow flowers that are often compared to torches or oil lamps.
karṇikāra-latāḥ phulla-kusum’-ākula-ṣaṭpadāḥ |
sa-kajjala-śikhā rejur dīpa-mālā iv’ ojjvalāḥ ||
(Verse 1655 in the Subhashitavali, attributed to Indradatta)
“The karṇikāra tendrils with bees thronging the full blown flowers shone like blazing strings of soot-tipped lamps. ”
puṣpit-āgrāṃś ca paśy’ emān karṇikārān samantataḥ |
hāṭaka-pratisamchannān narān pīt’ambarān iva ||
(Chapter 1 of Kiṣkhindhā Kāṇḍa of the Rāmāyaṇa – Valmīki)
“And look at these flower-tipped karṇikāras everywhere – they look like men robed in yellow and laden with golden jewellery.”
The karṇikāra also appears with red flowers at times and Kale, in his gloss on the tree’s appearance in the Ṛtusaṃhāra, notes that it can have either red or yellow flowers.
varṇa-prakarṣe sati karṇikāraṃ dunoti nirgandatayā sma cetaḥ |
prāyeṇa sāmagrya-vidhau guṇānāṃ prāṅ-mukhī viśva-sṛjaḥ pravṛttiḥ ||
(3.26 Kumārasaṃbhava – Kālidāsa)
“For all its magnificent colour the karṇikāra troubled the mind – for it gave out no smell. The creator tends not to favour bestowing a complete set of qualities on a thing.”
The Amarakoṣa gives only two alternative names for the karṇikāra: drumotpala and parivyādha. In Monier Williams, all three are identified with the Pterospermum Acerifolium. The karṇikāra is also though identified as the Cathartocarpus Fistula. Apte says that the karṇikāra is the Cassia Fistula, which could be another name for the Carthartocarpus Fistula. The Pandanus database says that the Cassia Fistula is either āgravadha or kṛtmāla in Sanskrit, which the Amarakośa corroborates listing eight names for the tree – none of which is karṇikāra (or indeed drumotpala or parivyādha). It does not thus seem possible to say for sure that the karṇikāra is the cassia fistula, but this seems the most likely fit.Source: Sanskrit Literature: Karnikara
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
The karnikāra flower (Pterospermum acerifolium);Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Karṇikāra (कर्णिकार) refers to a tree from the island of Uttarakuru, where trees are said to bear perpetual fruit and foliage.Source: Google Books: Divine Stories: Divyavadana
Languages of India and abroad
1) Name of a tree; Cassia fistula. The golden yellow flower of this tree has its petals bending inwards so that the flower looks like a saucer. Its stamens and style are longer than the petals and looks like so many wicks juttling out of an oil lamp. cf. Vikra.3.3. निर्भिद्योपरि कर्णिकारमुकुलान्यालीयते षट्पदः (nirbhidyopari karṇikāramukulānyālīyate ṣaṭpadaḥ) V.2.23; Ṛs.6.6, 2.
2) The pericarp of a lotus.
-ram A flower of the Karṇikāra tree. (This flower, though it has an excellent colour, has no smell and hence it is not liked; cf. Ku.3.28. :-varṇaprakarṣe sati karṇikāraṃ dunoti nirgandhatayā sma cetaḥ | prāyeṇa sāmagryavidhau guṇānāṃ parāṅmukhī viśvasṛjaḥ pravṛttiḥ ||).
Derivable forms: karṇikāraḥ (कर्णिकारः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 25 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Karṇikārapriya (कर्णिकारप्रिय).—An epithet of Śiva.Derivable forms: karṇikārapriyaḥ (कर्णिकारप्...
Maṇḍapa (मण्डप) refers to the “various columned halls” of the Hindu temple.—The Hindu temple di...
Sāṇa (‘imperfect’) is a rare word. According to the Commentary of the Saṃyutta, it means, etymo...
Jaṭāyu (जटायु) or Jaṭāyus was slain by Rāvaṇa, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51...
Kareṇu (करेणु).—[kṛ-eṇu Uṇ.2.1; ke mastake reṇurasya Tv.] An elephant in general; करेणुरारोहयते...
Vidāraṇa (विदारण).—1 A tree or rock in the middle of a stream (to which a boat is fastened).2) ...
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Suphalā (सुफला) is another name for Indravāruṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Citrullus co...
Pragraha (प्रग्रह).—m. (-haḥ) 1. Taking, seizing. 2. Confinement, restriction, restraint, capti...
Puṣparāga (पुष्पराग) or Puṣpajaga.—m. (-ja or gaḥ) A topaz. E. puṣpa a flower, and rāga colour.
Padmakośa (पद्मकोश) or Padmakoṣa (पद्मकोष).—1) the calyx of a lotus. 2) a position of the finge...
Drumotpala (द्रुमोत्पल).—m. (-laḥ) A plant: see karṇikāra. E. druma a tree, and utpala a lotus,...
Gaṇeru (गणेरु).—m. (-ruḥ) A plant, (Pterospermum acerifolium, &c.) see karṇikāra. f. (-ruḥ)...
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Search found 23 books and stories containing Karnikara, Karṇikārā or Karṇikāra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.7.63-66 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Verse 2.5.133 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Topaz (pushparaga) < [Chapter XXIV - Gems (14): Pushparaga (topaz)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter CXX - Description of various objects on all sides < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter XLVIII - Story of dasura < [Book IV - Sthiti prakarana (sthiti prakarana)]
The Mahabharata - Fourth Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)