Pinaka, aka: Piṅāka, Pināka; 5 Definition(s)


Pinaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


[Pinaka in Purana glossaries]

Pināka (पिनाक).—The bow of Śiva. Pīnāka was formerly the three-forked spike of Śiva. Once it fell down from the hands of Śiva and on falling down took the shape of a bow. From then onwards it was used as a bow. See under Pāśupata. (Chapter 38. Sabhā Parva: Chapter 141, Anuśāsana Parva; Chapter 289. Śānti Parva).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

Piṅāka (पिङाक).—The bow of Śiva; hence Śiva is Pināki.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 25. 2; 54. 108; 101. 317.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

[Pinaka in Dhanurveda glossaries]

Pināka (पिनाक) refers to a weapon (a staff or bow of Rudra-Śiva). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Pinaka in Hinduism glossaries]

Pināka (पिनाक).—Though Śiva has the triśula as the distinguishing weapon, he also has a bow called ‘pināka’ which he uses occasionally as in the destruction of Tripura or the three cities of the demons and the sons of Tārakāsura like Tārākṣa. According to one version, Śiva’s trident once fell down and got bent into the shape of a bow. This came to be known as the pināka. Pāśupata is the chief arrow that is discharged from this bow. The word is sometimes defined as ‘that which protects’ people from evil forces.

(Source): Hindupedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Pinaka in Sanskrit glossaries]

Pināka (पिनाक).—[pā rakṣaṇe ākan nuṭ dhātorāta itvam Uṇ.4. 15.]

1) The bow of Śiva; निपपात जवादिषुः पिनाकान् महतोऽ भ्रादिव वैद्युतः कृशानुः (nipapāta javādiṣuḥ pinākān mahato' bhrādiva vaidyutaḥ kṛśānuḥ) Ki.13.2.

2) A trident; 'पिनाकोऽस्त्री रुद्रचापे पांशुवर्षत्रिशूलयोः (pināko'strī rudracāpe pāṃśuvarṣatriśūlayoḥ)' Medinī.

3) A bow in gneral.

4) A staff or stick.

5) A shower of dust.

Derivable forms: pinākaḥ (पिनाकः), pinākam (पिनाकम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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