Pinaka, Piṅāka, Pināka, Pinākā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pinaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pināka (पिनाक).—The bow of Śiva. Pīnāka was formerly the three-forked spike of Śiva. Once it fell down from the hands of Śiva and on falling down took the shape of a bow. From then onwards it was used as a bow. See under Pāśupata. (Chapter 38. Sabhā Parva: Chapter 141, Anuśāsana Parva; Chapter 289. Śānti Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Piṅāka (पिङाक).—The bow of Śiva; hence Śiva is Pināki.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 25. 2; 54. 108; 101. 317.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Pināka (पिनाक) refers to a weapon (a staff or bow of Rudra-Śiva). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Pinākā (पिनाका) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Pinākā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Hindupedia: Hinduism

Pināka (पिनाक).—Though Śiva has the triśula as the distinguishing weapon, he also has a bow called ‘pināka’ which he uses occasionally as in the destruction of Tripura or the three cities of the demons and the sons of Tārakāsura like Tārākṣa. According to one version, Śiva’s trident once fell down and got bent into the shape of a bow. This came to be known as the pināka. Pāśupata is the chief arrow that is discharged from this bow. The word is sometimes defined as ‘that which protects’ people from evil forces.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pināka (पिनाक).—[pā rakṣaṇe ākan nuṭ dhātorāta itvam Uṇ.4. 15.]

1) The bow of Śiva; निपपात जवादिषुः पिनाकान् महतोऽ भ्रादिव वैद्युतः कृशानुः (nipapāta javādiṣuḥ pinākān mahato' bhrādiva vaidyutaḥ kṛśānuḥ) Ki.13.2.

2) A trident; 'पिनाकोऽस्त्री रुद्रचापे पांशुवर्षत्रिशूलयोः (pināko'strī rudracāpe pāṃśuvarṣatriśūlayoḥ)' Medinī.

3) A bow in gneral.

4) A staff or stick.

5) A shower of dust.

Derivable forms: pinākaḥ (पिनाकः), pinākam (पिनाकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pināka (पिनाक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. The bow of Siva. 2. A trident or three-pronged spear. 3. The trident of Siva. 4. A shower of dust. f. (-kī) A musical instrument, a sort of viol. E. to preserve, (the world,) Unadi aff. ākan, the radical vowel changed to i, and num augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pināka (पिनाक).—m. and n. 1. A staff, Mahābhārata 5, 5259. 2. The bow of Śiva, 13, 849. 3. The club of Śiva, 6, 2797.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pināka (पिनाक).—[neuter] staff, stick; the club and the bow of Rudra-Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pināka (पिनाक):—m. n. a staff or bow, ([especially]) the staff or bow of Rudra-Śiva, [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) Śiva’s trident or three-pronged spear (= śūla and tri-śūla), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) falling dust, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) n. a species of talc, [Bhāvaprakāśa] (Perhaps [from] pi-api-√nam; cf. nāka.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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