Pinaka, aka: Piṅāka, Pināka; 5 Definition(s)
Pinaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Pināka (पिनाक).—The bow of Śiva. Pīnāka was formerly the three-forked spike of Śiva. Once it fell down from the hands of Śiva and on falling down took the shape of a bow. From then onwards it was used as a bow. See under Pāśupata. (Chapter 38. Sabhā Parva: Chapter 141, Anuśāsana Parva; Chapter 289. Śānti Parva).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Piṅāka (पिङाक).—The bow of Śiva; hence Śiva is Pināki.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 25. 2; 54. 108; 101. 317.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dhanurveda (science of warfare)
Pināka (पिनाक) refers to a weapon (a staff or bow of Rudra-Śiva). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Pināka (पिनाक).—Though Śiva has the triśula as the distinguishing weapon, he also has a bow called ‘pināka’ which he uses occasionally as in the destruction of Tripura or the three cities of the demons and the sons of Tārakāsura like Tārākṣa. According to one version, Śiva’s trident once fell down and got bent into the shape of a bow. This came to be known as the pināka. Pāśupata is the chief arrow that is discharged from this bow. The word is sometimes defined as ‘that which protects’ people from evil forces.(Source): Hindupedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
Pināka (पिनाक).—[pā rakṣaṇe ākan nuṭ dhātorāta itvam Uṇ.4. 15.]
1) The bow of Śiva; निपपात जवादिषुः पिनाकान् महतोऽ भ्रादिव वैद्युतः कृशानुः (nipapāta javādiṣuḥ pinākān mahato' bhrādiva vaidyutaḥ kṛśānuḥ) Ki.13.2.
2) A trident; 'पिनाकोऽस्त्री रुद्रचापे पांशुवर्षत्रिशूलयोः (pināko'strī rudracāpe pāṃśuvarṣatriśūlayoḥ)' Medinī.
3) A bow in gneral.
4) A staff or stick.
5) A shower of dust.
Derivable forms: pinākaḥ (पिनाकः), pinākam (पिनाकम्).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 8 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Pinākadhṛk (पिनाकधृक्).—m. epithets of Śiva; द्वौ वरासिधरौ राजन्नेकः शक्तिपिनाकधृक् (dvau varās...
Pinākābhra variety when heated on fire gets its layers separated or gets expanded. On intern...
Pinākadhṛt (पिनाकधृत्).—m. epithets of Śiva; द्वौ वरासिधरौ राजन्नेकः शक्तिपिनाकधृक् (dvau varās...
Pinākapāṇi (पिनाकपाणि).—m. epithets of Śiva; द्वौ वरासिधरौ राजन्नेकः शक्तिपिनाकधृक् (dvau varās...
Pāśupaṭa (पाशुपट) is the name of a gambler (kitava) from Lāṭa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgar...
Abhraka (अभ्रक).—[svārthe kan] Talc, mica; said to be produced from Pārvatī's menstrual dischar...
1) Pinākī (पिनाकी).—One of the eleven Ṛudras. He was the grandson of Brahmā and the son of Sthā...
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Search found 13 books and stories containing Pinaka, Piṅāka or Pināka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Mica (abhra or abhraka) < [Chapter I - Uparasa (1): Abhra or Abhraka (mica)]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section XXXIX < [Kairata Parva]
Section CXXX < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section CLXVI < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 23 - Attempt of Himavat to dissuade Pārvatī; gods go to meet Śiva < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 27 - The incarnation of Dvijeśvara < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
Chapter 16 - The head of Gaṇeśa is chopped off during the battle < [Section 2.4 - Rudra-saṃhitā (4): Kumāra-khaṇḍa]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 26 - The Origin of the Liṅga-Image of Śiva < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 25 - Origin of the Epithet Nīlakaṇṭha (Śiva swallowing poison) < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 39 - The narrative of Bhārgava Paraśurāma (c) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)