Yogya, Yogyā: 20 definitions


Yogya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Yogy.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Yogyā (योग्या) refers to a “women’s exercise”, to which a director of a dramatic play should pay attention to, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34. Accordingly, “A woman who is an adept in the practice of love, and is an expert in representing love-affairs, appears through her graceful acting on the stage, like a creeper full of various charms, on account of its many flowers. Hence a Director should always bestow undivided attention to women’s exercise (yogyā) in dance and music, for without this, the States, Sentiments, the sauṣṭhava cannot be produced by them in the least”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Yogyā (योग्या) refers to “practice”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 3.117. Cf. Maṅkhaka 11.12.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Yogyā (योग्या) is another name for Ṛddhi, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.28-33 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Yogyā and Ṛddhi, there are a total of twelve Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Yogya (योग्य) [=Yogyatva?] refers to the “fitness” (of the divisions of time), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must know the solar and other divisions of time, their similarity and dissimilarity and must be capable of propounding the fitness [i.e., yogya] or unfitness of each for particular purposes: these divisions of time are—of Man, of Devas, of Jupiter, of Pitṛs, of Star (Siderial). of the Sun (Solar), of the Moon (Lunar), of the Earth (Terrestrial) and of Brahmā”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Yogya (योग्य) refers to “that which is proper” (as opposed to Ayogya—‘improper’), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, as Umā (Durgā/Satī) spoke to the Gods:—“[...] Hear further, O Viṣṇu, O Brahmā, O sages and O gods, the divine sports of the supreme lord Śiva, that protect the universe. Oppressed by the pangs of bereavement He wreathed a garland of my bones. Although He is the sole enlightened god He did not get peace anywhere. Like a non-god, like a helpless creature he roamed about here and there and cried aloud. The lord Himself could not distinguish between the proper and the improper [i.e., yogya-ayogya]. [...]”.

2) Yogya (योग्य) refers to “that which is worthy (of being mentioned)”,  and is used to describe Garga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.38 (“Description of the dais or maṇḍapa”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] Festoons with garlands of jasmine flowers shone, everywhere. Other articles of auspicious portent were fixed in every quarter. These and other things were carried out by Himavat for the sake of his daughter. Every activity was supervised by Garga of great ability. Everything auspicious worth mentioning (prastāva-yogya) found a place there. He called Viśvakarman and requested him to erect a large and spacious dais beautiful with side rostrums, altars etc. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Yogya (योग्य) refers to “proper works” (i.e., doing what is proper), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the importance of hawks]: “[...] To possess the knowledge of what is practicable and of the means to achieve it, to discern what is easily attainable and what is not, to employ proper persons for proper works (yogya) and dissuade them from doing what is improper, and such other qualities, which have been highly spoken of in politics [are considered also essential in the art of hawking]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yōgya (योग्य).—a (S) Suitable to or worthy of; becoming or beseeming. 2 Fit, proper, right. 3 Fit or qualified for; deserving of; possessing the due qualifications or merits.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yōgya (योग्य).—a Suitable to; becoming; fit.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yogya (योग्य).—a. [yogamarhati yat, yuj ṇyat vā]

1) Fit, proper, suitable, appropriate, qualified; योग्योऽयं दृश्यते नरः (yogyo'yaṃ dṛśyate naraḥ)

2) Fit or suitable for, qualified for, capable of, able to (with loc., dat. or even gen. or in comp.).

3) Useful, serviceable.

4) Fit for Yoga or abstract meditation.

5) (In Nyāya phil.) Amenable to the senses, capable of being directly cognized.

-gyaḥ 1 A calculator of expedients.

2) The asterism Puṣya.

3) A draught animal.

-gyā 1 Excercise or practice in general; तद् यथा भूमिरथिको भूमौ रथमालिख्य योग्यां करोति । सा तस्य योग्या प्रयोगकाले सौकर्यमुत्पादयति (tad yathā bhūmirathiko bhūmau rathamālikhya yogyāṃ karoti | sā tasya yogyā prayogakāle saukaryamutpādayati) | ŚB. on MS.7.2.15; योग्या- मुपास्ते नु युवां युयुक्षुः (yogyā- mupāste nu yuvāṃ yuyukṣuḥ) N.3.117; अपरः प्रणिधानयोग्यया मरुतः पञ्च शरीरगोचरान् (aparaḥ praṇidhānayogyayā marutaḥ pañca śarīragocarān) R.8.19; so मानयोग्या (mānayogyā) Kāv.2.243; धनु- र्योग्या, अस्त्रयोग्या (dhanu- ryogyā, astrayogyā) Rām.2.1.12. &c.

2) Martial excercise, drill.

3) The earth.

4) Name of a wife of Sūrya.

-gyam 1 A conveyance, carriage, vehicle.

2) Sandal-wood.

3) A cake.

4) Milk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogya (योग्य).—mfn.

(-gyaḥ-gyā-gyaṃ) 1. Clever, skilful. 2. Fit or proper for a Yoga, or for religious meditation. 3. Powerful, able. 4. Fit, proper, suitable. n.

(-gyaṃ) 1. A drug, commonly Ridd'hi. 2. A cake. 3. A vehicle or conveyance. 4. Sandal. m.

(-gyaḥ) A calculator of expedients. f.

(-gyā) 1. Military exercise. 2. Medical practice. E. yuj to join or mix, aff. ṇyat; or yoga union, yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogya (योग्य).—I. See yuj. Ii. n. 1. A vehicle. 2. A cake. 3. A drug, commonly Riddhi. 4. Sandal. Iii. f. , Military exercise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogya (योग्य).—[adjective] fit for the yoke, i.[grammar] fit, suitable, useful, conducive to, qualified for, capable of ([genetive], [locative], [dative], infin., or —°). [masculine] beast for draught; [feminine] yogyā setting to work, preparation, contrivance, practice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yogya (योग्य):—[from yuj] a etc. See pp. 856, 858.

2) [from yoga] b mfn. ([from] yoga and √1. yuj) fit for the yoke, [Pāṇini 5-1, 102]

3) [v.s. ...] belonging to a [particular] remedy, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] useful, serviceable, proper, fit or qualified for, able or equal to, capable of ([genitive case] [locative case] [dative case] [infinitive mood] with act. or pass. sense, or [compound]), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] perceptible, [Kapila]

6) [v.s. ...] fit for Yoga, proper for religious meditation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] m. a draught animal, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] a calculator of expedients, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] the constellation Puṣya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Yogyā (योग्या):—[from yogya > yoga] f. preparation, contrivance, [Ṛg-veda]

11) [v.s. ...] exercise, practice, ([especially]) bodily exercise, gymnastics, drill, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) the straps with which horses are attached to the yoke of a carriage, traces (?), [Ṛg-veda iii, 3, 6]

13) [v.s. ...] the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of Bharaṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Sūrya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Yogya (योग्य):—[from yoga] n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a vehicle or any machine

17) [v.s. ...] a cake

18) [v.s. ...] sandal

19) [v.s. ...] a kind of drug.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogya (योग्य):—[(gyaḥ-gyā-gyaṃ) a.] Clever; fit, worthy; able. f. Military exercise; medical practice. n. A drug; a cake; a vehicle; sandal.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yogya (योग्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jugga, Jogga, Joggā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yogya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yogya (योग्य) [Also spelled yogy]:—(a) qualified; able; deserving; capable; competent; worthy; eligible; suitable; meritorious; no files on him; ~[] ability; qualification; capability; competence; worthiness; eligibility; suitability, fitness; merit; ~[tā prāpta] qualified.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yōgya (ಯೋಗ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] fit to be yoked; fit to be used for ploughing, drafting, etc.

2) [adjective] fit for yoga.

3) [adjective] fit; suitable; proper; appropriate.

4) [adjective] can be used for advantage; useful; helpful.

--- OR ---

Yōgya (ಯೋಗ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the quality of suitable, appropriate; suitability; appropriateness.

2) [noun] the quality of being fit or proper to be chosen; worthy of choice; eligibility.

3) [noun] that which is suitable; an appropriate thing.

4) [noun] a suitable, eligible man.

5) [noun] the tree Santalum album of Santalaceae family.

6) [noun] its sweet smelling wood.

7) [noun] a kind of medicinal substance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Yogya (योग्य):—adj. 1. qualified; skilled; deserving; worthy; 2. proper; suitable; appropriate; 3. reasonable; justifiable;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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