Pranava, Praṇava, Praṇavā: 18 definitions
Pranava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Praṇava (प्रणव) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the praṇava metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana
Praṇava (प्रणव, “sacred oṃ”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Praṇavavināyaka, Praṇavagaṇeśa and Praṇavavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.
Praṇava is positioned in the Eastern corner of the second circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “in Hiranyagarbheshvara, at Trilochan Ghat”. Worshippers of Praṇava will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the giver of the message of eternity”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.19152, Lon. 83.01411 (or, 25°11'29.5"N, 83°00'50.8"E) (Google maps)
Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.
Praṇava, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Praṇava (प्रणव) refers to the syllable “Om”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.17. Accordingly, “[...] the syllable Om means an excellent boat to cross the ocean of worldly existence. [Pra=of the Prakṛti i.e. the world evolved out of it. Navam—Nāvāṃ Varam—an excellent boat] Or Praṇava may mean: “there is no world for you” or it may mean ‘That which leads to salvation’. Or it may mean “that which leads to new knowledge.” After annihilating all actions it gives the persons who repeat the mantra or worship, a fresh knowledge of the pure soul. This Praṇava is two-fold (1) the subtle (2) the gross. The subtle one is of a single syllable where the constituent five syllables are not differentiated clearly. The gross one is of five syllables where all the constituent syllables are manifest”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Praṇava (प्रणव).—The top mantra; glorifies Īśvara; yajña glorifies Praṇava; manas yajña in the form of Rudra; hence Paramampadam;1 Omkāram, Akṣaram, Brahmā and three varṇas;2 Praṇavātmaka is Brahmā;3 is Rudra.4
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 85. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 20. 38.
- 2) Ib. 32. 1.
- 3) Ib. 24. 51.
- 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 137.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Praṇava (प्रणव) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Kāmikāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The kāmika-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.
Praṇava in turn transmitted the Kāmikāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Trikala, who then transmitted it to Hara who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Kāmikāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Praṇava (प्रणव) refers to “the syllable that gives life, derived from the Sanskrit verbal root praṇu, to make a reverberating humming of the syllable oṃ (10.25)”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Manblunder: Sri Chakra Nyāsa
Praṇava (ॐ). ॐ is known as Brahma praṇava or Prākaśa praṇava.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Critical Sanskrit Edition and a Translation of Kambala’s Sādhananidhi, Chapter 8
Praṇavā (प्रणवा) is the name of a Deity associated with the syllable “oṃ” of the Devīhṛdayamantra (Goddess’ heart mantra): one of the four major mantras in the Cakrasaṃvara tradition, as taught in the eighth chapter of the 9th-century Herukābhidhāna and its commentary, the Sādhananidhi. The thirteen letters constituting the mantra are transformed in meditation into thirteen deities. All these female deities [viz., Praṇavā] have their male consorts who resemble their consort female deities in appearance and are in sexual union with them.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
praṇava (प्रणव).—m S The mystical name of the Hindu triad,--the syllable ōm q. v. Ex. praṇavarūpiṇī mūḷaprakṛti || pari kōpēla tribhuvanapati ||.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
praṇava (प्रणव).—m The mystical name of the Hindu' triad,-the syllable >.
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praṇava (प्रणव).—a Sloping, declining. Bent, dis posed towards.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) The sacred syllable om; आसीन्महीक्षितामाद्यः प्रणवश्छन्दसांमिव (āsīnmahīkṣitāmādyaḥ praṇavaśchandasāṃmiva) R.1.11; Ms.2.74; Ku.2.12; प्रणवः सवेदेषु (praṇavaḥ savedeṣu) Bg.7.8; तस्य वाचकः प्रणवः (tasya vācakaḥ praṇavaḥ), Pātañjala S.27; प्राणदः प्रणवः प्रभुः (prāṇadaḥ praṇavaḥ prabhuḥ) Viṣṇu Sahasranāma.
2) A kind of musical instrument (drum or tabor).
3) An epithet of Viṣṇu or the Supreme Being.
Derivable forms: praṇavaḥ (प्रणवः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ) 1. The mystical name of the Deity, or syllable “Om.” 2. A small kind of drum or tabor. 3. A name of Vishnu. E. pra before, nu to praise, aff. ap .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Praṇava (प्रणव).—i. e. pra-nu + a, m. 1. The holy syllable om, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 74. 2. A small tabor.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Praṇava (प्रणव).—[masculine] the sacred syllable Om (—° also praṇavaka).
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Praṇava (प्रणव).—[masculine] the sacred syllable Om (—° also praṇavaka).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Praṇava (प्रणव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Rice. 208.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Praṇava (प्रणव):—[=pra-ṇava] a See pra-ṇu.
2) [=pra-ṇava] [from pra-ṇu] b mf. (or pra-ṇ) (ifc. f(ā). ) the mystical or sacred syllable om, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] (ifc. also -ka) etc. (-tva n., [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad])
3) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of small drum or tabor = (and [probably] [wrong reading] for) paṇana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+4): Pranavada, Pranavadakini, Pranavadarpana, Pranavaganesha, Pranavajapa, Pranavaka, Pranavakalpa, Pranavallabha, Pranavant, Pranavaparishishta, Pranavarcanacandrika, Pranavarodha, Pranavarthanirnaya, Pranavarthaprakashikavyakhyana, Pranavat, Pranavata, Pranavatva, Pranavavastitha, Pranavavighnesha, Pranavavinayaka.
Full-text (+64): Panava, Om, Pranavavyakhya, Pranavatva, Pranavaparishishta, Pranavaka, Pranavakalpa, Pranavadarpana, Pranavopanishad, Pranavarcanacandrika, Pranavarthanirnaya, Pranavarthaprakashikavyakhyana, Omkara, Udgitha, Tritatri, Pancavindhya, Parapranava, Ubhayatahpranava, Saptavindhya, Trimatra.
Search found 49 books and stories containing Pranava, Praṇava, Praṇavā, Pra-nava, Pra-ṇava; (plurals include: Pranavas, Praṇavas, Praṇavās, navas, ṇavas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 3 - On the glories of the Rudrākṣa beads < [Book 11]
Chapter 19 - On the midday Sandhyā < [Book 11]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 7 - The worship of Śiva < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Chapter 17 - The non-dualistic (advaita) nature of Śiva < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Chapter 3 - The way of Sannyāsa < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
Mundaka Upanishad with Shankara’s Commentary (by S. Sitarama Sastri)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verses 8.12-13 < [Chapter 8 - Tāraka-brahma-yoga (the Yoga of Absolute Deliverance)]
Verse 4.25 < [Chapter 4 - Jñāna-Yoga (Yoga through Transcendental Knowledge)]
Verse 10.25 < [Chapter 10 - Vibhūti-yoga (appreciating the opulences of the Supreme Lord)]
Narada Parivrajaka Upanishad of Atharvaveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)