Pranava, aka: Praṇava; 10 Definition(s)


Pranava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Pranava in Chandas glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Praṇava (प्रणव) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the praṇava metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pranava in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Praṇava (प्रणव, “sacred oṃ”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Praṇavavināyaka, Praṇavagaṇeśa and Praṇavavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Praṇava is positioned in the Eastern corner of the second circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “in Hiranyagarbheshvara, at Trilochan Ghat”. Worshippers of Praṇava will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the giver of the message of eternity”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.19152, Lon. 83.01411 (or, 25°11'29.5"N, 83°00'50.8"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Praṇava, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa

Praṇava (प्रणव) refers to the syllable “Om”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.17. Accordingly, “[...] the syllable Om means an excellent boat to cross the ocean of worldly existence. [Pra=of the Prakṛti i.e. the world evolved out of it. Navam—Nāvāṃ Varam—an excellent boat] Or Praṇava may mean: “there is no world for you” or it may mean ‘That which leads to salvation’. Or it may mean “that which leads to new knowledge.” After annihilating all actions it gives the persons who repeat the mantra or worship, a fresh knowledge of the pure soul. This Praṇava is two-fold (1) the subtle (2) the gross. The subtle one is of a single syllable where the constituent five syllables are not differentiated clearly. The gross one is of five syllables where all the constituent syllables are manifest”.

Source: Siva Purana - English Translation

Praṇava (प्रणव).—The top mantra; glorifies Īśvara; yajña glorifies Praṇava; manas yajña in the form of Rudra; hence Paramampadam;1 Omkāram, Akṣaram, Brahmā and three varṇas;2 Praṇavātmaka is Brahmā;3 is Rudra.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 85. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 20. 38.
  • 2) Ib. 32. 1.
  • 3) Ib. 24. 51.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 137.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Praṇava (प्रणव) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Kāmikāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The kāmika-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Praṇava in turn transmitted the Kāmikāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Trikala, who then transmitted it to Hara who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Kāmikāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Praṇava (ॐ). ॐ is known as Brahma praṇava or Prākaśa praṇava.

Source: Manblunder: Sri Chakra Nyāsa

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Pranava in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

praṇava (प्रणव).—m S The mystical name of the Hindu triad,--the syllable ōm q. v. Ex. praṇavarūpiṇī mūḷaprakṛti || pari kōpēla tribhuvanapati ||.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

praṇava (प्रणव).—m The mystical name of the Hindu' triad,-the syllable .

--- OR ---

praṇava (प्रणव).—a Sloping, declining. Bent, dis posed towards.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇava (प्रणव).—

1) The sacred syllable om; आसीन्महीक्षितामाद्यः प्रणवश्छन्दसांमिव (āsīnmahīkṣitāmādyaḥ praṇavaśchandasāṃmiva) R.1.11; Ms.2.74; Ku.2.12; प्रणवः सवेदेषु (praṇavaḥ savedeṣu) Bg.7.8; तस्य वाचकः प्रणवः (tasya vācakaḥ praṇavaḥ), Pātañjala S.27; प्राणदः प्रणवः प्रभुः (prāṇadaḥ praṇavaḥ prabhuḥ) Viṣṇu Sahasranāma.

2) A kind of musical instrument (drum or tabor).

3) An epithet of Viṣṇu or the Supreme Being.

Derivable forms: praṇavaḥ (प्रणवः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 66 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Praṇavajapa (प्रणवजप) refers to the repetition of the Praṇava (the syllable “Om”), as defined i...
Praṇavagaṇeśa (प्रणवगणेश) is short for Praṇava (sacred oṃ), one of the fifty-six vināyakas acco...
Praṇavavināyaka (प्रणवविनायक) is short for Praṇava (sacred oṃ), one of the fifty-six vināyakas ...
Praṇavavighneśa (प्रणवविघ्नेश) is short for Praṇava (sacred oṃ), one of the fifty-six vināyakas...
Oṃ (ओं), the fundamental sound and the origin of all other sounds. The written form of the Oṃ s...
Hara (हर) refers to one of the eight names of Śiva (śivanāma) and is mentioned in the Śivapurāṇ...
Śaṅkha (शङ्ख) refers to a “conch shell” and represents one of the items held in the right hand ...
1) Śiva (शिव) refers to one of the eight names of Śiva (śivanāma) and is mentioned in the Śivap...
Vināyaka (विनायक), the older son of Śiva and Pārvatī, is called by several names such as Gaṇeśa...
Prāpti (प्राप्ति) refers to the “power of reaching”, representing the achievements of the ...
Tārā (तारा) refers to a deity or a group of deities in Buddhist Iconography.—Tārā also called T...
Paṇava (पणव).—mf. (-vaḥ-vā) A sort of musical instrument; a small drum or tabor. E. paṇ busines...
Oṃkāra (ओंकार) or Oṃkāreśvara refers to one of twelve Jyotirliṅgas, according to the Śivapurāṇa...
Brāhmī (ब्राह्मी).—(1) (sc. lipi; surely Sanskrit tho not in Sanskrit Dictt.) n. of an alphabe...
Prāṇāyama (प्राणायम) refers to the “breath control” representing one of the various preparatory...

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