Pranava, aka: Praṇava; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pranava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[Pranava in Chandas glossaries]

Praṇava (प्रणव) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the praṇava metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana

[Pranava in Purana glossaries]

Praṇava (प्रणव, “sacred oṃ”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Praṇavavināyaka, Praṇavagaṇeśa and Praṇavavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Praṇava is positioned in the Eastern corner of the second circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “in Hiranyagarbheshvara, at Trilochan Ghat”. Worshippers of Praṇava will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the giver of the message of eternity”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.19152, Lon. 83.01411 (or, 25°11'29.5"N, 83°00'50.8"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Praṇava, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa

Praṇava (प्रणव).—The top mantra; glorifies Īśvara; yajña glorifies Praṇava; manas yajña in the form of Rudra; hence Paramampadam;1 Omkāram, Akṣaram, Brahmā and three varṇas;2 Praṇavātmaka is Brahmā;3 is Rudra.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 85. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 20. 38.
  • 2) Ib. 32. 1.
  • 3) Ib. 24. 51.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 137.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Pranava in Shaivism glossaries]

Praṇava (प्रणव) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Kāmikāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The kāmika-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Praṇava in turn transmitted the Kāmikāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Trikala, who then transmitted it to Hara who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Kāmikāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Pranava in Hinduism glossaries]

Praṇava (ॐ). ॐ is known as Brahma praṇava or Prākaśa praṇava.

(Source): Manblunder: Sri Chakra Nyāsa

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Pranava in Marathi glossaries]

praṇava (प्रणव).—m S The mystical name of the Hindu triad,--the syllable ōm q. v. Ex. praṇavarūpiṇī mūḷaprakṛti || pari kōpēla tribhuvanapati ||.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

praṇava (प्रणव).—m The mystical name of the Hindu' triad,-the syllable .

--- OR ---

praṇava (प्रणव).—a Sloping, declining. Bent, dis posed towards.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Pranava in Sanskrit glossaries]

Praṇava (प्रणव).—

1) The sacred syllable om; आसीन्महीक्षितामाद्यः प्रणवश्छन्दसांमिव (āsīnmahīkṣitāmādyaḥ praṇavaśchandasāṃmiva) R.1.11; Ms.2.74; Ku.2.12; प्रणवः सवेदेषु (praṇavaḥ savedeṣu) Bg.7.8; तस्य वाचकः प्रणवः (tasya vācakaḥ praṇavaḥ), Pātañjala S.27; प्राणदः प्रणवः प्रभुः (prāṇadaḥ praṇavaḥ prabhuḥ) Viṣṇu Sahasranāma.

2) A kind of musical instrument (drum or tabor).

3) An epithet of Viṣṇu or the Supreme Being.

Derivable forms: praṇavaḥ (प्रणवः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 41 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pranavavighnesha
Praṇavavighneśa (प्रणवविघ्नेश) is short for Praṇava (sacred oṃ), one of the fifty-six vināyakas...
Pranavaganesha
Praṇavagaṇeśa (प्रणवगणेश) is short for Praṇava (sacred oṃ), one of the fifty-six vināyakas acco...
Pranavavinayaka
Praṇavavināyaka (प्रणवविनायक) is short for Praṇava (sacred oṃ), one of the fifty-six vināyakas ...
Hara
Hara (हर) or Haratantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktā...
Shankha
Śaṅkha (शङ्ख) and Padma are the two treasures (nidhis) which dharma bears. These are intended t...
Shiva
Śiva (शिव) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Makuṭāgama by Sadā...
Tara
Tāra (तार) or Tārāgama refers to one of the upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Yogajāga...
Om
Om (ओम्).—This sound is a combination of the three letters-A, U and M. The A—sound signifies Vi...
Brahmi
Brahmī (ब्रह्मी).—1) Name of a medicinal plant.2) A kind of fish.--- OR --- Brāhmī (ब्राह्मी).—...
Uma
Umā (उमा) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accor...
Japa
Japa (जप, “recitation”).—There are three kinds of japa: reciting in oneʼs mind,in a low voice, ...
Vinayaka
Vināyaka (विनायक) refers to a group of deities once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) acc...
Brahmani
Brahmāṇī (ब्रह्माणी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.32)...
Trikala
Trikala (त्रिकल) is the name of a deity who received the Kāmikāgama from Praṇava through the ma...
Omkara
Oṃkāra (ओंकार) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Maheśvara, one of the sixty-ei...

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