Fear: 3 definitions
Fear means something in Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Images (photo gallery)
General definition (in Jainism)Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I
Fear refers to one of the “thirteen difficulties”, according to the “Teraha kāṭhīyā-svādhyāya” by Jinaharṣa (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The exposition of the ‘thirteen difficulties’ [e.g., fear (bhaya)] against which one should fight as they are hindrances to proper religious practice is a widespread topic in Jain literature in Gujarati.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)
Fear (of impending death) represents a scene of human life commonly depicted on the Saṃsāracakra paintings in ancient India, as mentioned in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 185.21 f.: Here follows a description of a printed scroll illustrating the Jaina conception of saṃsāracakra. [...] The saṃsāra-cakra illustrated the three worlds of hell, human world and the world of gods. [For example:] The figure of a king riding on a horse and going for hunting; then the various animals trembling for fear of impending death; then a crowd of people making noise to bring the animals together, i.e., engaged in what is now known as hāṅkā;
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+2741): Bhaya, Bhiti, Vitrasa, Asanka, Shanka, Bhayavaha, Bhi, Santrasa, Abhaya, Bhita, Uttrasa, Visanka, Bhayanvita, Kaku, Sadhvasa, Sambhrama, Samudvega, Maranabhaya, Bhayottara, Shankita.
Search found 408 books and stories containing Fear; (plurals include: Fears). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
No more I pray < [October – December, 1988]
A False division < [October – December, 1988]
A False Division < [January 1937]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The Dhvajāgrasūtra < [Part 1 - Position and results of the recollections]
I. Attributes of the śrāvaka and attributes of the Buddha < [Part 1 - General questions]
Section B.2 - Removing malevolence < [Part 2 - Means of acquiring meditation]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 1.41.9 < [Sukta 41]
Rig Veda 1.74.1 < [Sukta 74]
Rig Veda 1.32.14 < [Sukta 32]
Katha Upanishad with Shankara’s Commentary (by S. Sitarama Sastri)
Verse 1.1.12 < [Adyaya I, Valli I - The story of Vajasravasa]
Verse 2.1.5 < [Adyaya II, Valli I - The nature of Atman and its importance]
Verse 2.1.12 < [Adyaya II, Valli I - The nature of Atman and its importance]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 6.6.24 < [Chapter 6 - The Yādavas’ Victory When Śrī Rukmiṇī is Kidnapped]
Verse 2.6.16 < [Chapter 6 - The Liberation of Aghāsura]
Verse 6.7.29 < [Chapter 7 - The Marriage of Śrī Rukmiṇī]
The Four Noble Truths (by Ajahn Sumedho)
(+5 more products available)