Aparajita, aka: Aparājitā, Aparājita; 25 Definition(s)
Aparajita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Aparājita (अपराजित):—Last of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. He carries in his right hands the tomara, khaḍga, aṅkuśa, śula, sarpa, chakra, ḍamaru and akṣamālā; and in the left hands the śakti, kheṭaka, gadā, pātra, tarjanī, paṭṭīśa, padma and ghaṇṭa.Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Aparājitā (अपराजिता):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Aparājita (अपराजित):—One of the Eleven Rudras (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Agni-purāṇa. The Agni Purāṇa is a religious text containing details on Viṣṇu’s different incarnations (avatar), but also deals with various cultural subjects such as Cosmology, Grammar and Astrology.Source: Wisdom Library: Agni Purāṇa
Aparājitā (अपराजिता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Aparājitā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
Aparājitā (अपराजिता) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Aparājitā (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.
Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).
The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Aparājita (अपराजित).—One of the serpents born to Kaśyapa of Kadru. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 35, Verse 13).
2) Aparājita (अपराजित).—A King born out of a part of one of the eight Asuras, who were known the Kālakeyas. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 49). The Pāṇḍavas had invited this King before they went to war. (Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 21).
3) Aparājita (अपराजित).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 101). Bhīmasena killed him. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 21, Verse 22).
4) Aparājita (अपराजित).—A King of the Kuruvaṃśa. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 54).
5) Aparājita (अपराजित).—One of the eleven Rudras, the other ten being Hara, Bahurūpa, Tryambaka, Vṛṣākapi, Śambhu, Kapardī, Raivata, Mṛgavyādha, Sarpa and Kapāli. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).
6) Aparājita (अपराजित).—Used as a synonym of Mahāviṣṇu. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Verse 89).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Aparājita (अपराजित).—Fought with Namuci in Devāsura war.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 10. 30.
1b) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Mādrī.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa, X. 61. 15.
1c) The horse on which Lalitā rode to fight Kuraṇḍa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 22. 94.
1d) A Rudra.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 122.
2a) Aparājitā (अपराजिता).—An elephant at one of the four cardinal points to maintain the balance of the worlds.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 39.
2b) (R.) of Śākadvīpa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 26.
2c) A mindborn mother; following Māyā.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 13, 69.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Aparājitā (अपराजिता, “invincible, unsurpassed”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
ॐ अपराजित्यै नमः
oṃ aparājitya namaḥ.
Aparājita (अपराजित) or Aparājitatantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Aparājita-tantra belonging to the Vāma class.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Aparājitā (अपराजिता):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Aparājitā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Aparājita (अपराजित).—One of the 32 aṅgahāras (major dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this aparājita-aṅgahāra is as follows, “assuming Daṇḍapāda-karaṇa, hands having Vikṣipta and Ākṣpita movement, then assuming Vyaṃsita-karaṇa the left hand moving along with the left foot, then hands being Caturasra and feet having Nikuṭṭaka movement, assuming Bhujaṅgatrāsita-karaṇa and hands having Udveṣṭita movement, then assuming successively the two Nikuṭṭakas (i.e. nikuṭṭa and ardhanikuṭṭa) Ākṣipta, Uromaṇḍala, Karihasta and Kaṭicchinna Karaṇas.”.
An aṅgahāra represents a ‘major dance movement’ and consists of a sequence of karaṇas (minor dance movements). A karaṇa combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Aparājitā (अपराजिता) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Aparājitā) in 20 verses.
2) Aparājitā (अपराजिता) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., aparājitā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
3) Aparājitā (अपराजिता) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the aparājitā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Aparājita (अपराजित) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.13, I.35, V.101.15/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aparājita) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Aparājita is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.10) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Ayurveda (science of life)
Aparājitā (अपराजिता) in Sanskrit, Hindi and Bangali, is another name for Aśvakṣurā, a medicinal plant identified with Clitoria ternatea (Asian pigeonwings, butterfly pea or bluebellvine) from the Fabaceae or “legume family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.87-89 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Aparājitā and Aśvakṣurā, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Aparajita - One of the Pacceka Buddhas mentioned in the Isigili Sutta. M.iii.70; also ApA.i.107 and MA.ii.890.
2. Aparajita - A cakkavatti who lived seven kappas ago, an earlier birth of Avyadhika Thera. Ap.i.215.
3. Aparajita - A householder of Bandhumati. When his elder brother, Sena, left the world and became an arahant under Vipassi Buddha, Aparajita sought his advice as to how he could use his wealth to perform some act of great merit. He was asked to build a Gandhakuti for the Buddha, which he did, using all manner of precious metals and stones and surrounding it with various kinds of luxury, such as perfumed water. The chamber was on three occasions filled knee deep with jewels to be taken by anyone who came to hear the Buddha preach. At the opening of the Gandhakuti, Aparajita entertained 6,800,000 monks for nine months. In this age he was born as the banker Jotika. In an earlier birth he had given sugar cane to a Pacceka Buddha. DhA.iv.199-207.
4. Aparajita - Nephew of the foregoing. He asked his uncle to let him have a share in the building of the Gandhakuti, but was refused. So he built an elephant stable next to it.
In the present age he was the banker Mendaka. DhA.iv.203.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)
1) Aparājita (अपराजित).—One of the four gates located at the four cardinal points in the fortification wall (jagatī) around Jambūdvīpa. These walls have similarly-named deities presiding over them. Each gate is adorned with a dvāraprāsāda, various pavements, vāraṇakas, shining jewel lamps and pillars adorned with various śālabhañjikās, jeweled minarets and flags. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.
2) Aparājita (अपराजित) refers to a species of Anuttarasura gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).
The Anuttarasuras (eg., the Aparājitas) have true belief, are only on the 4th guṇasthāna and bind karman only possible on that stage.
3) Aparājitā (अपराजिता) is the mother of Padma: the eighth Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources, while Digambara lists him as the ninth. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).
The stories of Aparājitā and Padma are narrated in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Aparājita (अपराजित) is one of the five anuttaras: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.
What is the minimum and maximum life span in Aparājita (and Vijaya, Vaijayanta, Jayanta) Anuttara heavenly abodes? The minimum life span is a little more than thirty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) and maximum is thirty three ocean-measured-periods.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Inscriptions of king Aparajita, shaka year 915.—Aparajita was the nephew of Chadvaideva. The standardization of the format of the Shilahara Copper Plate Charters was finalized during the reign of King Aparajita. It is noteworthy that Aparajita extols King Jhanjhain Janjira I, Janjira II Copper Plates as ‘possessing good qualities that even Lord Brahma was not able to match up to’.Source: academia.edu: King Jhanjha and the Legend of Shiva Temples
Aparājita (अपराजित) or Mṛgāṅka of the Śilāhāra line of kings is mentioned in the “Bhadāna grant of Aparājita”.—Accordingly, “To Vajjaḍadeva was born the son, the illustrious Aparājita, (also known as) Mṛgāṅka, who is unceasingly engaged in bestowing gifts, is valorous, conversant with political wisdom and an abode of glory”.
These copper plates (mentioning Aparājita) were found in 1881 with the headman of Bhere, a village about ten miles north of Bhivaṇḍī, the chief town of the Bhivaṇḍī tālukā of the Thāṇā District in the Mahārāṣṭra State. The grant was made at Sthānaka on the occasion of the Karkaṭa saṅkrānti (called) Dakṣiṇāyana, which occurred on the fourth tithi of the dark fortnight of Āṣāḍha in the expired Śaka year 919, when the cyclic year was Hemlamba.Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
aparājita : (adj.) unconquered.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Aparājita, (adj.) (Vedic aparājita; a + parājita) unconquered Sn.269; J.I, 71, 165. (Page 52)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
aparājitā (अपराजिता).—f (S) A plant, Crow's beak or Clitorea ternatea.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Aparājita (अपराजित).—a. Unconquered, invincible, unsurpassed; °ता दिक् (tā dik) the north-east direction, (aiśānī) so called because the Gods were not defeated there; ते (te) (devāsurāḥ) उदीच्यां प्राच्यां दिश्ययतन्त ते ततो न पराजयन्त सैषा दिगपराजिता (udīcyāṃ prācyāṃ diśyayatanta te tato na parājayanta saiṣā digaparājitā) Ait. Br., अपराजितां वास्थाय व्रजेद्दिशमजिह्मगः (aparājitāṃ vāsthāya vrajeddiśamajihmagaḥ) Ms.6.31.
-taḥ 1 A sort of poisonous insect.
2) Name of Viṣṇu; Name of Śiva. अपराजित -अप्रतिहत -जयन्त -वैजयन्त -कोष्ठकान् (aparājita -apratihata -jayanta -vaijayanta -koṣṭhakān) ...पुरमध्ये कारयेत् (puramadhye kārayet) Kau. A.2.4.
3) One of the 11 Rudras.
4) A class of divinities forming a portion of the अनुत्तर (anuttara) divinities of the Jainas.
5) Name of a sage.
-tā Name of Durgā, to be worshipped on the Vijayādaśamī or Dasarā day; तिष्ठ देवि शिखाबन्धे चामुण्डे ह्यपराजिते (tiṣṭha devi śikhābandhe cāmuṇḍe hyaparājite) Sandhyā; दशम्यां च नरैः सम्यक् पूजनीयाऽपराजिता (daśamyāṃ ca naraiḥ samyak pūjanīyā'parājitā) | ...ददाति विजयं देवी पूजिता जयवर्धिनी (dadāti vijayaṃ devī pūjitā jayavardhinī) Skanda P.
2) Name of several plants; दूर्वा, शेफालिका, जयन्ती, असन, शङ्खिनी, हपुषा, असनपर्णी (dūrvā, śephālikā, jayantī, asana, śaṅkhinī, hapuṣā, asanaparṇī).
3) A kind of plant (or oṣadhi) fastened round the wrist and serving as a charm or amulet; see. Ś.7. (In Vikramorvaśīyam Act 2, Kālidāsa uses aparājitā in the sense of a spell or vidyā; nanu bhagavatā devaguruṇā aparājitāṃ nāma śikhābandhanavidyāmupa- diśatā tridaśaparipakṣasyālaṅghanīye kṛte svaḥ).
4) The north-east quarter; see under °त (ta) above.
5) A kind of metre, 4 lines with 14 syllables in each
6) A sort of Yoginī.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Aparājita (अपराजित).—(1) n. of a Bodhisattva cakravartin: Mv i.112.11; (2) n. of a former Buddha: Mv iii.230.10 f.; (3) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 1; (4) (m. or nt.?) n. of a medi- cament (-bhaiṣajya; compare aparājitā, n. of plants in Pali and Sanskrit): Gv 497.5 (prose).
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Aparājitā (अपराजिता).—(1) n. of a devakumārikā in the eastern quarter: LV 388.9 = Mv iii.306.8; (2) n. of a goddess: [Page044-b+ 71] Mmk 312.6 (here text by error Āryăparājitā); 318.12; 396.1 f.; Sādh 352.6 et alibi (a different personage?); (3) n. of one of the four Kumārī, q.v., or Bhaginī (hardly to be identified with 2): Mmk 537.9; 540.5; 543.19 et alibi.
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Aparājīta (अपराजीत).—(a-parājīta), adj. (m.c. for °jita), unconquered: Gv 57.18 (verse).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Kumārī (कुमारी).—(1) , n. of four female deities (mahāyakṣiṇyaḥ Mmk 575.10), also called Bhagin...
Anuttara (अनुत्तर) or “without superior”, is a synonym for the Buddha according to the 2nd cent...
Mṛgāṅka (मृगाङ्क) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, a...
Kheṭaka (खेटक, “shield ”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” o...
Ahicchatra (अहिच्छत्र) or Chatravatī (modern Ramnagar) is one of the alleged ancient capitals o...
Jayanta (जयन्त) is the name of Indra’s son, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Acc...
Śambhu (शम्भु) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as m...
Candrapura (चन्द्रपुर) is the name of an ancient city, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, ch...
Search found 41 books and stories containing Aparajita, Aparājitā or Aparājita. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation) (by Swami Lokeswarananda)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Return to Ayodhyā < [Chapter VIII - The abandonment of Sītā]
Part 11: Fifth incarnation as Aparājita < [Chapter I - Previous incarnations of Ariṣṭanemi (Nemi)]
Part 19: Retreat to the forest < [Chapter IV - The, birth, marriage, and retreat to the forest of Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 6.31 < [Section III - Details of the Hermit’s Life]
Verse 5.43 < [Section VI - Lawful and Forbidden Meat]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 2 - The Week of the Gaze (Animisa Sattāha) < [Chapter 8 - The Buddha’s stay at the Seven Places]
Biography (1): Jotika, the Rich Householder < [Chapter 45c - Life Stories of Rich Men with Inexhaustible Resources]
The Four Avijahitaṭṭhāna (Four Sacred Places) < [Chapter 25 - The Buddha’s Seventh Vassa]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Treatment for fever (124): Tryahikari rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Part 62 - Treatment for chronic diarrhea (34): Dvija-supti rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Part 63 - Treatment for chronic diarrhea (35): Ama-parpati rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]