Vedanta, Vedānta, Veda-anta: 15 definitions
Vedanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Vedānta (वेदान्त) refers to “literally, veda–‘Vedic knowledge’, anta–‘conclusion’. The Upaniṣads are the latter portion of the Vedas, and the Vedānta-sūtra summarizes the philosophy of the Upaniṣads in concise statements. Therefore the word ‘Vedānta’ especially refers to the Vedānta-sūtra”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition
Vedānta (वेदान्त) refers to:—‘the conclusion of Vedic knowledge’. The Upaniṣads are the latter portion of the Vedas and the Vedānta-sūtra summarises the philosophy of the Upaniṣads in concise statements. Therefore, the word ‘Vedānta’ especially refers to the Vedānta-sūtra. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Vedānta (वेदान्त).—See under Veda.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
The mystic teachings in Vedanta are centered on a fundamental truth of the universe that cannot be reduced to a concept or word for the ordinary mind to manipulate. Rather, the human experience and mind are themselves a tiny fragment of this truth. In this tradition, no mind-object can be identified as absolute truth, such that one may say, "That's it." So, to keep the mind from attaching to incomplete fragments of reality, a speaker could use this term to indicate that truth is "Not that."
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Vedanta (वेदन्त) refers to the “doctrine of Māyā (illusion)”, as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, as Mahāmati exposed the Vedanta doctrine to king Mahābala (i.e., previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha):—
“It is illusion (māyā); nothing is real. The visible world is like a dream or a mirage. A teacher and a disciple; a father and a son; virtue and vice; one’s own and another’s; such things as appear, that is only a form of expression, not reality. Just as the jackal left meat, and ran after a fish on the bank, and the fish got in the water and a vulture got the meat, exactly so those men are deceived and deprive themselves of both, who abandon pleasures of this world and run after those of the next world. After they have heard the false teaching of heretics, fearing hell, they foolishly torment their own bodies, alas! by vows, etc. Just as a partridge dances on one foot, afraid that it will fall on the ground, so a man practices penance fearing a fall into hell”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vēdānta (वेदांत).—m (S) The theological part of the Vedas. Considered collectively, it is contained in the passages or chapters of the Vedas termed upa- niṣad. They inculcate an abstract and speculative monotheistical worship, and deny the actual existence of the material universe. 2 A theological system founded upon the Vedas, teaching that Matter is an illusion and that the sole existence is One all-pervading spirit. 3 The term is applied to any sage discourse upon the illusoriness and unreality of the objects of sense, or upon the emptiness of earthly pleasures, pains, or troubles.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vēdānta (वेदांत).—m The theological part of the Vedas.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) 'the end of the Veda', an Upaniṣad (which comes at the end of the Veda). Also
Derivable forms: vedāntaḥ (वेदान्तः).
Vedānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms veda and anta (अन्त).
--- OR ---
Vedānta (वेदान्त).—(See quotation from bṛhadyogiyājña- valkyasmṛti under -aṅga above).
Derivable forms: vedāntam (वेदान्तम्).
Vedānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms veda and anta (अन्त).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ntaḥ) The theological part of the Vedas; considered collectively it is contained in the many numerous passages or chapters of the Vedas termed Upanishads, which inculcate an abstract and speculative monotheistical worship, and these have been further explained and illustrated by later writers: the founder of the school is Vyasa, and subsequently Sankaracharya is its most eminent teacher. E. veda the Vedas, and anta end, sum, scope or substance.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vedānta (वेदान्त).—i. e. veda-anta, m. 1. The complete Veda, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 160. 2. A philosophical system based particularly on the Upaniṣads, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
Vedānta (वेदान्त).—[masculine] the end of the Veda or of the Veda-study; [Name] of a philos. system.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Vedānta (वेदान्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—by Svātmānandopadeśa. B. 4, 94. The latter is likely to be the true title.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vedānta (वेदान्त):—[from veda] a etc. See p.1017.
2) [from veda] b m. end of the Veda (= ‘complete knowledge of the Veda’ cf. vedānta-ga), [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Mahābhārata]
3) [v.s. ...] Name of the second and most important part of the Mīmāṃsā or third of the three great divisions of Hindū philosophy (called Vedānta either as teaching the ultimate scope of the Veda or simply as explained in the Upaniṣads which come at the end of the Veda; this system, although belonging to the Mīmāṃsā [q.v.] and sometimes called Uttara-mīmāṃsā, ‘examination of the later portion or jñāna-kāṇḍa [q.v.] of the Veda’, is really the one sole orthodox exponent of the pantheistic creed of the Hindūs of the present day a creed which underlies all the polytheism and multiform mythology of the people; its chief doctrine [as expounded by Śaṃkara] is that of Advaita id est. that nothing really exists but the One Self or Soul of the Universe called Brahman [neut.] or Paramātman, and that the Jīvātman or individual human soul and indeed all the phenomena of nature are really identical with the Paramātman, and that their existence is only the result of Ajñāna [otherwise called Avidyā] or an assumed ignorance on the part of that one universal Soul which is described as both Creator and Creation; Actor and Act; Existence, Knowledge and Joy, and as devoid of the three qualities [see guṇa]; the liberation of the human soul, its deliverance from transmigrations, and re-union with the Paramātman, with which it is really identified, is only to be effected by a removal of that ignorance through a proper understanding of the Vedānta; this system is also called Brahma-mīmāṃsā and Śārīrakamīmāṃsā, ‘inquiring into Spirit or embodied Spirit’; the founder of the school is said to have been Vyāsa, also called Bādarāyaṇa, and its most eminent teacher was Śaṃkarācārya), [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the Upaniṣads or works on the Vedānta philosophy, [Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti on Manu-smṛti vi, 83.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+150): Vedanta Paribhasha, Vedantabhashya, Vedantabhihita, Vedantabhushana, Vedantacandra, Vedantacandrika, Vedantacarya, Vedantacaryacaritra, Vedantacaryacaritra vaibhavaprakashika, Vedantacaryadinacarya, Vedantacaryamangaladvadashaka, Vedantacaryamangaladvadashi, Vedantacaryaprapadana, Vedantacaryasaptati, Vedantacaryataraharavali, Vedantacaryavigrahadhyanapaddhati, Vedantacaryavijaya, Vedantacharyavijaya, Vedantacintamani, Vedantadeshika.
Full-text (+1651): Vedantin, Brahmasutra, Badarayana, Vedantopagata, Vedantasara, Lingasharira, Shivotkarsha, Svayambodha, Sharirakanyaya, Advaita-vedanta, Mimamsa, Brahmamrita, Vedantashastra, Dharmaraja Adhvarindra, Sagunanirgunavada, Shrutaprakashikasamgraha, Vyasa, Jatashti, Shrutimatanumana, Atmavidya.
Search found 92 books and stories containing Vedanta, Vedānta, Vēdānta, Veda-anta; (plurals include: Vedantas, Vedāntas, Vēdāntas, antas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brahma Sutras (Nimbarka commentary) (by Roma Bose)
Brahma-Sūtra 1.4.28 < [Adhikaraṇa 8 - Sūtra 28]
Brahma-Sūtra 3.4.23 < [Adhikaraṇa 3 - Sūtras 23-24]
Brahma-Sūtra 3.3.1 < [Adhikaraṇa 1 - Sūtras 1-5]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
Mandukya Upanishad (Gaudapa Karika and Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Nikhilananda)
Mandukya Karika, verse 4.87 < [Chapter IV - Alatashanti Prakarana (Quenching the firebrand)]
Mandukya Karika, verse 2.12 < [Chapter II - Vaitathya Prakarana (Illusion)]
Taittiriya Upanishad (by A. Mahadeva Sastri)
Chapter XIII - Beyond Works < [B - Brahmavidyā Explained]
Chapter I - How to Investigate Brahman < [Book III - Bhriguvalli]
Brahma Sutras (Vedanta Sutras) (by George Thibaut)
III, 3, 1 < [Third Adhyāya, Third Pāda]
I, 1, 10 < [First Adhyāya, First Pāda]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXLVII - Synopsis of the Gita < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CCXXXVI - Vishnu Bhakti < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CCXLVIII - The eight essentials of Yoga, etc. < [Dhanvantari Samhita]