Vedanta, Vedānta, Veda-anta: 15 definitions



Vedanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Vedānta (वेदान्त) refers to “literally, veda–‘Vedic knowledge’, anta–‘conclusion’. The Upaniṣads are the latter portion of the Vedas, and the Vedānta-sūtra summarizes the philosophy of the Upaniṣads in concise statements. Therefore the word ‘Vedānta’ especially refers to the Vedānta-sūtra”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Vedānta (वेदान्त) refers to:—‘the conclusion of Vedic knowledge’. The Upaniṣads are the latter portion of the Vedas and the Vedānta-sūtra summarises the philosophy of the Upaniṣads in concise statements. Therefore, the word ‘Vedānta’ especially refers to the Vedānta-sūtra. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vedānta (वेदान्त).—See under Veda.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The mystic teachings in Vedanta are centered on a fundamental truth of the universe that cannot be reduced to a concept or word for the ordinary mind to manipulate. Rather, the human experience and mind are themselves a tiny fragment of this truth. In this tradition, no mind-object can be identified as absolute truth, such that one may say, "That's it." So, to keep the mind from attaching to incomplete fragments of reality, a speaker could use this term to indicate that truth is "Not that."

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vedanta (वेदन्त) refers to the “doctrine of Māyā (illusion)”, as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Mahāmati exposed the Vedanta doctrine to king Mahābala (i.e., previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha):—

“It is illusion (māyā); nothing is real. The visible world is like a dream or a mirage. A teacher and a disciple; a father and a son; virtue and vice; one’s own and another’s; such things as appear, that is only a form of expression, not reality. Just as the jackal left meat, and ran after a fish on the bank, and the fish got in the water and a vulture got the meat, exactly so those men are deceived and deprive themselves of both, who abandon pleasures of this world and run after those of the next world. After they have heard the false teaching of heretics, fearing hell, they foolishly torment their own bodies, alas! by vows, etc. Just as a partridge dances on one foot, afraid that it will fall on the ground, so a man practices penance fearing a fall into hell”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēdānta (वेदांत).—m (S) The theological part of the Vedas. Considered collectively, it is contained in the passages or chapters of the Vedas termed upa- niṣad. They inculcate an abstract and speculative monotheistical worship, and deny the actual existence of the material universe. 2 A theological system founded upon the Vedas, teaching that Matter is an illusion and that the sole existence is One all-pervading spirit. 3 The term is applied to any sage discourse upon the illusoriness and unreality of the objects of sense, or upon the emptiness of earthly pleasures, pains, or troubles.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēdānta (वेदांत).—m The theological part of the Vedas.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vedānta (वेदान्त).—

1) 'the end of the Veda', an Upaniṣad (which comes at the end of the Veda). Also

Derivable forms: vedāntaḥ (वेदान्तः).

Vedānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms veda and anta (अन्त).

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Vedānta (वेदान्त).—(See quotation from bṛhadyogiyājña- valkyasmṛti under -aṅga above).

Derivable forms: vedāntam (वेदान्तम्).

Vedānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms veda and anta (अन्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedānta (वेदान्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) The theological part of the Vedas; considered collectively it is contained in the many numerous passages or chapters of the Vedas termed Upanishads, which inculcate an abstract and speculative monotheistical worship, and these have been further explained and illustrated by later writers: the founder of the school is Vyasa, and subsequently Sankaracharya is its most eminent teacher. E. veda the Vedas, and anta end, sum, scope or substance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedānta (वेदान्त).—i. e. veda-anta, m. 1. The complete Veda, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 160. 2. A philosophical system based particularly on the Upaniṣads, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, sqq.; 203, 24. 3. pl. Works concerning this philosophy, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedānta (वेदान्त).—[masculine] the end of the Veda or of the Veda-study; [Name] of a philos. system.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Vedānta (वेदान्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—by Svātmānandopadeśa. B. 4, 94. The latter is likely to be the true title.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vedānta (वेदान्त):—[from veda] a etc. See p.1017.

2) [from veda] b m. end of the Veda (= ‘complete knowledge of the Veda’ cf. vedānta-ga), [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of the second and most important part of the Mīmāṃsā or third of the three great divisions of Hindū philosophy (called Vedānta either as teaching the ultimate scope of the Veda or simply as explained in the Upaniṣads which come at the end of the Veda; this system, although belonging to the Mīmāṃsā [q.v.] and sometimes called Uttara-mīmāṃsā, ‘examination of the later portion or jñāna-kāṇḍa [q.v.] of the Veda’, is really the one sole orthodox exponent of the pantheistic creed of the Hindūs of the present day a creed which underlies all the polytheism and multiform mythology of the people; its chief doctrine [as expounded by Śaṃkara] is that of Advaita id est. that nothing really exists but the One Self or Soul of the Universe called Brahman [neut.] or Paramātman, and that the Jīvātman or individual human soul and indeed all the phenomena of nature are really identical with the Paramātman, and that their existence is only the result of Ajñāna [otherwise called Avidyā] or an assumed ignorance on the part of that one universal Soul which is described as both Creator and Creation; Actor and Act; Existence, Knowledge and Joy, and as devoid of the three qualities [see guṇa]; the liberation of the human soul, its deliverance from transmigrations, and re-union with the Paramātman, with which it is really identified, is only to be effected by a removal of that ignorance through a proper understanding of the Vedānta; this system is also called Brahma-mīmāṃsā and Śārīrakamīmāṃsā, ‘inquiring into Spirit or embodied Spirit’; the founder of the school is said to have been Vyāsa, also called Bādarāyaṇa, and its most eminent teacher was Śaṃkarācārya), [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the Upaniṣads or works on the Vedānta philosophy, [Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti on Manu-smṛti vi, 83.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedānta (वेदान्त):—[vedā+nta] (ntaḥ) 1. m. The metaphysicotheological doctrines of the Vedas, teaching the abstract worship of God; name of a school of divinity or philosophy professing them.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vedānta (वेदान्त):—(1. veda + anta) m.

1) das Ende des Veda [Taittirīyāraṇyaka 10, 12, 17] (s. u. vedādi). ga = vedapāraga der den Veda durchstudirt hat, vollkommen vertraut mit dem V. [Mahābhārata 12, 1224. 13, 1749.] Ende des Veda-Studiums: vedāntāvabhṛthapluta [2, 1908.] —

2) ein den Schluss eines Veda bildender Text, eine Upaniṣad ( [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 250.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 137.] [Medinīkoṣa d. 56.] [Halāyudha 1, 9]) und die auf den Upaniṣad ruhende theologisch-philosophische Lehre (die Uttaramīmāṃsā): vijñānasuniścitārtha [Muṇḍakopaniṣad 3, 2, 6.] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 6, 22.] vedāntopagataṃ phalam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 160.] vedāntābhihita [6, 83.] vedāntaṃ vidhivacchrutvā [?94. Mahābhārata 13, 1080. pl. 4, 1593.] sarve vedāntāḥ [Nīlakaṇṭha 9.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 19. 2, 172. 208. 3, 386.] [Vikramorvaśī 1.] [] zu [Chāndogyopaniṣad] [S. 10.] pratyakṣādipramāsiddhaviruddhārthābhidhāyinaḥ . vedāntā yadi śāstrāṇi baiddhaiḥ kimaparādhyate .. [Prabodhacandrodaja 20, 17. fg.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 61, 19.] vedāntayostaittirīyabṛhadāraṇyasaṃjñayoḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 257,b, Nalopākhyāna 6.] niṣṭha [Mahābhārata 13, 3449.] vedairvedāntasādhanaiḥ (so die ed. Bomb.) [14, 345.] praṇihitadhī [Spr. 2031.] gamya [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 102, 22.] rahasyavettar [Oxforder Handschriften 255,b,20.] tātparya [SARVADARŚANAS. 73, 7.] vedin [PAÑCAR. 4, 1, 43.] kṛt [Bhagavadgītā 15, 15.] [KAIVALYOP.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 13.] kartar [PAÑCAR. 4, 3, 155.] vākya [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 15, 25. fg. 19, 15.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 55, 13. 61, 12.fg.] vāda [146, 19.] vādin [Sânkhya Philosophy 22.] vedānto nāma upaniṣatpramāṇaṃ tadupakārīṇi śārīrakādīni ca [Vedānta lecture No. 3. 4.] [Colebrooke I, 325. fgg.] śāstra [Prabodhacandrodaja 20, 15.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 13, 8.] Werke, die über den Vedānta handeln: kataka [HALL 154. 165.] kalpataru [?87. Colebrooke I,333. Oxforder Handschriften 277,a,13. 292,b,17. Verz. d. Tüb. H. 18.] kalpataruṭīkā ebend. kalpataruparimala [HALL 88.] [Colebrooke I, 333.] kalpatarumañjarī ebend. kalpalatikā [?337. HALL 132. Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 627. Oxforder 226,b, No. 555.] cintāmaṇi [HALL 97.] tattvadīpana [89.] dīpa [95.] [Verz. d. Tüb. H. 18.] nayanabhūṣaṇa [HALL 96.] nyāyaratnāvalī brahmādvaitāmṛtaprakāśikā [Verz. d. Tüb. H. 18.] paribhāṣā [19.] [HALL 100.] [Colebrooke I, 335.] [MACK. Coll. I, 15.] pārijāta [HALL 114.] pradīpa [?92. WILSON, Sel. Works I,43. Oxforder Handschriften 221,b, No. 536.] bhāṣya [?393,a, No. 90. MACK. Coll. I,15.] ratnamañjūṣā [HALL 114.] rahasya [104.] śataślokī [119.] śikhāmaṇi [100.] [Colebrooke I, 304. 336.] saṃjñāprakriyā [HALL 127.] sāra (zwei Werke dieses Titels) [?92. 95. 101. Bibliothecae sanskritae 421. fg. WILSON, Sel. Works I,43. Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 619. Oxforder Handschriften 226,a, No. 553. Verz. d. Tüb. H. 19.] sārasaṃgraha [HALL 101.] sārasāra [102.] siṃha [119.] siddhānta [131. 143.] siddhāntadīpikā [131. 135.] siddhāntabindu [Colebrooke I, 337.] siddhāntasūktimañjarī [HALL 153.] siddhāntasūktimañjarīprakāśa [154.] sudhārahasya [96.] sūtra [68. 86. 162.] [Colebrooke I, 327.] [Bibliothecae sanskritae 420.] sūtradīpikā [MACK. Coll. I, 15.] sūtramuktāvalī [HALL 93.] [Colebrooke I, 334.] sūtravyākhyācandrikā ebend. saurabha [HALL 114.] syamantaka [103.] vedāntādhikaraṇamālā [98.] vedāntārthavivecanamahābhāṣya [100.]

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Vedānta (वेदान्त):—

2) könnte auch erklärt werden als der Inbegriff des Veda.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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