Kratu; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kratu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Kratu (क्रतु):—One of the mind-born sons of Brahmā, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (chapter on the Devī-yajña). They were created by the sheer power of mind.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1a) Kratu (क्रतु).—A son of Brahmā born of his hand; Married Kriyā, daughter of Kardama. His sons were the Vālakhilyas. Had not realised the Supreme Being.1 Father of Tuṣita group of Devas: Born in Vāruṇikratu and hence the name.2 A prajāpati.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 22-23; 24. 23; IV. 1. 39; 29. 43; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 7; 102. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 3. 3; 25. 82.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 76; 35. 92; 36. 8; III. 1. 21 and 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 44.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 35, 49.

1b) A son of Ulmuka and Puṣkariṇī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 17.

1c) The husband of Hayaśiras.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 34.

1d) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Jāmbavatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 12.

1e) A Brāhmaṇa invited for the rājasuya of Yudhiṣṭhira.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 8.

1f) (Ṛṭu, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) the Yakṣa presiding over the month of tapasya (Phālguṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 40.

1g) Created from Apāna of Brahmā, as ancient as Sanatkumāra and a yogin;1 son-in-law of Dakṣa by marrying his daughter Saun(t)atī;2 sons were Vālakhilyas, 6000 in number.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 5. 70, 79; 9. 18 and 24.
  • 2) Ib. II. 9. 56; 11. 36.
  • 3) Ib. II. 13. 53.

1h) A Yāma deva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 6.

1i) With the Hemanta sun;1 a sage in Dāruvana; no wife or son in the Vaivasvata epoch; adopted Idhmavāka.2 Praised Śiva out to destroy Tripuram.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 16; 27. 104.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 72; 23. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 84; 62. 92; 70. 66.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 133. 67; 145. 90; 171. 27; 202. 8.

1j) A Pratardana god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 31.

1k) A son of Bhṛgu and a deva. Lives in Bhuvarlokam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 89; 36. 5; IV. 2. 48; Matsya-purāṇa 195. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 87.

1l) A Viśvedeva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 30; Matsya-purāṇa 203. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 31.

1m) A son of Vijaya, and father of Sunaya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 22.

1n) A Sutapa god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 14.

1o) A son of Āgneyī and Uru (Kuru, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 6.

1p) A sage of the Svāyambhuva epoch.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 16.

1q) An Ajitadeva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 34.

1r) A mind-born son of Brahmā married to Kṣamā;1 travelling with the sun in the month of Pauṣa.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 5 and 7.
  • 2) Ib. II. 10. 14.

1s) A R. of the Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 17.

1t) A name for river Ikṣu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 93.

1u) A R. from the Rikṣa hill.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 31.

1v) The name of the seventh kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 30.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kratu (क्रतु) is mentioned as one of the seven mind-born sons of Brahmā, also known as the seven prajāpatis, or the seven brahmās, according to the first chapter of the Brahma-purāṇa (on the origin of Devas and Asuras). Accordingly, “Desirous of evolving creation befitting these, he created Prajāpatis (Lords of subjects) viz. Marīci, Atri, Aṅgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasiṣṭha. Thus the lord of great refulgence created seven mental sons. In the Purāṇas these are known as the seven Brahmās”.

The Brahmapurāṇa (mentioning Atri) is one the eighteen mahāpurāṇas originally composed of over 10,000 verses. The first three books of the extant edition contains a diverse amount of topics such as creation theory, cosmology, mythology, philosophy and genealogy. The fourth and last part represents pilgrimage’s travel guide (māhātmya) and narrates the legends surrounding numerous holy spots (tīrtha) around the Godāvarī region in India.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Brahma Purana

Kratu (क्रतु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.10, I.65, I.60.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kratu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kratu (क्रतु) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Kratu (क्रतु).—One of the seven great sages who were born directly from Lord Brahmā.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kratu (क्रतु).—m S Sacrifice. 2 The name of one of the seven principal ṛṣi. 3 By eminence. An aśvamēdha.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kratu (क्रतु).—m Sacrifice.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kratu (क्रतु).—[kṛ-katu Uṇ.1.77]

1) A sacrifice; क्रतोरशेषेण फलेन युज्यताम् (kratoraśeṣeṇa phalena yujyatām) R.3.65; शतं क्रतूनामपविघ्नमाप सः (śataṃ kratūnāmapavighnamāpa saḥ) 3.38; M.1.4; Ms.7.79.

2) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

3) One of the ten Prajāpatis; क्रतुं प्रजापतिमब्रुवन् (kratuṃ prajāpatimabruvan) Maitrī. Up.2.3; Ms. 1.35.

4) Intelligence, talent.

5) Power, ability.

6) Plan, design, purpose; क्रतो स्मर कृतं स्मर (krato smara kṛtaṃ smara) Iśop.17; Bṛ. Up.5.15.1.

7) Resolution, determination; यत्क्रतुर्भवति तत्कर्म कुरुते (yatkraturbhavati tatkarma kurute) Bṛ. Up.4.4.5.

8) Desire, will.

9) Fitness, adequacy, efficiency.

1) Deliberation, consultation.

11) Inspiration.

12) Enlightenment.

13) Offering, worship; कामस्याप्तिं जगतः प्रतिष्ठां क्रतोरानन्त्यम- भयस्य पारम् (kāmasyāptiṃ jagataḥ pratiṣṭhāṃ kratorānantyama- bhayasya pāram) Kaṭh.1.2.11; Personified, as married to क्रिया (kriyā) and father of 6 वालखिल्य (vālakhilya)s; क्रतोरपि क्रिया भार्या वालखिल्यानसूयत (kratorapi kriyā bhāryā vālakhilyānasūyata) Bhāg.4.1.39.

14) An Aśvamedha sacrifice (these senses are mostly Vedic).

15) The month Āṣāḍha.

16) Excess of fondness or liking.

17) An organ [cf. Gr. kratos; Zend khratu].

Derivable forms: kratuḥ (क्रतुः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 93 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shatakratu
Śatakratu (शतक्रतु).—an epithet of Indra; अपूर्णमेकेन शतक्रतूपमः शतं क्रतूनामपविघ्नमाप सः (apūr...
Kratudvish
Kratudviṣ (क्रतुद्विष्).—m. (-dviṭ) A Daitya or demon. E. kratu a sacrifice, and dviṣ who hates...
Kratudhvamsin
Kratudhvaṃsin (क्रतुध्वंसिन्).—m. (-sī) A name of Siva. E. kratu a sacrifice, dhvaṃsi to destro...
Kratvartha
Kratvartha (क्रत्वर्थ).—Something that is meant to subserve the purpose of the sacrifice (opp. ...
Sukratu
Sukratu (सुक्रतु).—A King in ancient India. When once Sañjaya talked in praise of the ancient K...
Kraturaja
Kraturāja (क्रतुराज).—the राजसूय (rājasūya) sacrifice; क्रतु- राजेन गोविन्द राजसूयेन पावनीः (kr...
Evamkratu
Evaṃkratu (एवंक्रतु).—a. Ved. thus minded. Evaṃkratu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the t...
Kratukriya
Kratukriyā (क्रतुक्रिया).—a sacrificial ceremony. Kratukriyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting ...
Varakratu
Varakratu (वरक्रतु).—an epithet of Indra. Derivable forms: varakratuḥ (वरक्रतुः).Varakratu is a...
Amitakratu
Amitakratu (अमितक्रतु).—a. of unbounded wisdom or energy. Amitakratu is a Sanskrit compound con...
Putakratu
Pūtakratu (पूतक्रतु).—Name of Indra; घोषस्यान्ववदिष्टेव लङ्का पूतक्रतोः पुरः (ghoṣasyānvavadiṣṭ...
Kratupurusha
Kratupuruṣa (क्रतुपुरुष).—an epithet of Viṣṇu. Derivable forms: kratupuruṣaḥ (क्रतुपुरुषः).Krat...
Rijukakratu
Ṛjukakratu (ऋजुकक्रतु).—a. acting righteously; Name of Indra; यूथा गवामृजुक्रतुः (yūthā gavāmṛj...
Kratupashu
Kratupaśu (क्रतुपशु).—a sacrificial horse. Derivable forms: kratupaśuḥ (क्रतुपशुः).Kratupaśu is...
Kratubhuj
Kratubhuj (क्रतुभुज्).—m. a god, deity. Kratubhuj is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the term...

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