Ananda, aka: Ānanda, Ānandā; 19 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ananda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Ānandā (आनन्दा, “bliss, happiness”):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ह्रीं ओं आनन्दायै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ ānandāyai namaḥ

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Śāktism book cover
context information

Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Purāṇa

1a) Ānanda (आनन्द).——(c)—a kingdom adjoining the Dundubhi hill in Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 39; 17. 16.

1b) A Satya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 35.

1c) The Lord of first kalpa consisting 100 lakhs of years by name Bhāva; this is the place of Brahmā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 28.

1d) A son of Medhātithi; a varṣa after his name, in Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 32; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 4 and 5.

1e) A varṣa centering round the Dundubhi hill of Plakṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 14.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Ānanda (आनन्द) is the tradition (ovallī) founded by Olinātha, who was one of the twelve princes born to Kuṃkumā, consort to Mīnanātha, who is the incarnation of Siddhanātha in the fourth yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas. Olinātha was one of the six princes having the authority to teach.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Ānanda (आनन्द, “joy”) refers to ‘joy’ in the attainment of the desired object. Ānanda represents one of the fourteen nirvahaṇasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Nirvahaṇasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the concluding part (nirvahaṇa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ānanda (आनन्द).—One of the fourteen elements of the ‘concluding segment’ (nirvahaṇasandhi);—(Description:) Attaining objects of one’s desire is called Joy (ānanda).

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Jyotiṣa (astronomy and astrology)

Ānanda (आनन्द) refers to the forty-eighth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘ananda’ has a number of wives, is skilful, excessively adroit, is always endowed with the happiness of having a son, is learned, has sense of gratitude or thankfulness, is courteous and liberal or bountiful.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year ananda (2034-2035 AD) will be of a joyous temperament, will be devoted to the study of traditional doctrines and sacred scriptures and will be acquainted with the real nature of all things.

(Source): The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jyotiṣa book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or ‘astrology’. It is one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

In Buddhism

Pali

ānanda : (m.) joy; pleasure.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ānanda, (Vedic ānanda, fr. ā + nand, cp. BSk. ānandī joy Divy 37) joy, pleasure, bliss, delight D.I, 3; Sn.679, 687; J.I, 207 (°maccha Leviathan); VI, 589 (°bheri festive drum); DA.I, 53 (= pītiyā etaṃ adhivacanaṃ). (Page 100)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Ananda - One of the principal disciples of the Buddha. He was a first cousin of the Buddha and was deeply attached to him.

He came to earth from Tusita and was born on the same day as the Bodhisatta, his father being Amitodana the Sakiyan, brother of Suddhodana. Mahanama and Anuruddha were therefore his brothers (or probably step brothers). According to the Mtu.iii.176, Ananda was the son of Suklodana and the brother of Devadatta and Upadhana. His mother was Mrgi.

Ananda entered the Order in the second year of the Buddhas ministry, together with other Sakiyan princes, such as Bhaddiya, Anuruddha, Bhagu, Kimbila and Devadatta, and was ordained by the Buddha himself (Vin.ii.182), his upajjhaya being Belatthasisa (ThagA.i.68; also DA.ii.418ff.; Vin.i.202; iv. 86). Soon after, he heard a discourse by Punna Mantaniputta and became a Sotapanna. In S.iii.105 Ananda acknowledges his indebtedness to Punna and gives an account of Punnas sermon to him.

During the first twenty years after the Enlightenment, the Buddha did not have the same personal attendants all the time. From time to time various monks looked after him, among them being Nagasamala, Nagita, Upavana, Sunakkhatta, the novice Cunda, Sagata, Radha and Meghiya. We are told that the Buddha was not particularly pleased with any of them. At the end of twenty years, at an assembly of the monks, the Buddha declared that he was advanced in years and desired to have somebody as his permanent body servant, one who would respect his wishes in every way. The Buddha says that sometimes his attendants would not obey him, and on certain occasions had dropped his bowl and robe and gone away, leaving him.

All the great disciples offered their services, but were rejected by the Buddha. Ananda alone was left; he sat in silence. When asked why he did not offer himself, his reply was that the Buddha knew best whom to choose. When the Buddha signified that he desired to have Ananda, the latter agreed to accept the post on certain conditions. The Buddha was never to give him any choice food or garment (*) gotten by him, nor appoint for him a separate fragrant cell (residence), nor include him in the invitations accepted by the Buddha. For, he said, if the Buddha did any of these things, some would say that Anandas services to the Buddha were done in order to get clothes, good fare and lodging and be included in the invitations. Further he was to be allowed to accept invitations on behalf of the Buddha; to bring to the Buddha those who came to see him from afar; to place before the Buddha all his perplexities, and the Buddha was to repeat to him any doctrine taught in his absence. If these concessions were not granted, he said, some would ask where was the advantage of such service.

-- or --

One of the five daughters of the chief queen of the king of the third Okkaka dynasty (DA.i.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Vajrayāna (Tibetan Buddhism)

The Four Types of Bliss (ānanda) are part of the Sixteen Aspects (ṣoḍaśākārā) of Gnosis (jñāna) in terms of conventional reality.

  1. the bliss of the mind (cittānanda),
  2. the bliss of the body (kāyānanda),
  3. the bliss of speech (vāg-ānanda),
  4. the bliss of gnosis (jāñānanda).
(Source): Google Books: The Inner Kalacakratantra: A Buddhist Tantric View of the Individual
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Ānanda (आनन्द) first obtaind the fruit of srotāpanna, then after having served the Buddha for twenty-five years and after the Buddha’s parinirvāṇa, he became arhat.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

According Śekoddesa-ṭīkā there are four kinds of bliss, i.e.

  1. Ānanda,
  2. Paramānanda,
  3. Viramānanda
  4. and Sahajānanda.

The firsty state of Ānanda is the bliss when the Bodhicitta is in the Nirmankāya, second state of Paramānanda is when Bodhicitta is inthe Dharmacakra, third state of bliss (Viramānanda) is when Bodhicitta is in the Sambhogacakra and Sahajānanda is in the state when Bodhicitta is in the Mahāsukha-kāya. A Vajra-tantra says that Ānanda means ordinary pleasure, Paramānanda is more intense, Viramānanda refers to detachment from the transient pleasure and Sahajānanda is a state of Mahāsukha.

Corresponsing to the four stages of Ānanda there is the four states of mind,

  1. Jāgrat (wakefulness),
  2. Svapna (dream),
  3. Suṣupti (deep-sleep)
  4. and Turīya (samādhi).

Again it refers to four kinds of elements, i.e.

  1. Kāya (body),
  2. Vāk (speech),
  3. Citta (mind)
  4. and Jñāna (knowledge).
(Source): Google Books: Buddhist Tantra: A Philosophical Reflection and Religious InvestigationOne of the Shakyamuni Buddhas Ten Great Disciples. He was first in hearing the Buddhas words. As he had excellent memory, he memorized the Buddhas sermons, which were later recorded as sutras. He was also the cousin of Shakyamuni Buddha.(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

Ananda was one of many principal disciples and a devout attendant of the Buddha. Amongst the Buddhas many disciples, Ananda had the most retentive memory and most of the suttas in the Sutta Pitaka are attributed to his recollection of the Buddhas teachings during the First Buddhist Council. For that, he was known as the Guardian of the Dharma.

According to the Buddha every Buddha in the past and to come will have two chief disciples and one attendant during his ministry. In the case of Gautama Buddha the pair of disciples were Sariputta and Mahamoggallana and the attendant Ananda.

The word Ananda means bliss in Pali, Sanskrit as well as other Indian languages. It is a popular Buddhist and Hindu name.

In the Kannakatthala Sutta (MN 90), Ananda is identified with the meaning of his name:

Then King Pasenadi Kosala said to the Blessed One, "Lord, what is the name of this monk?"
"His name is Ananda, great king."
"What a joy he is! What a true joy!..."

Ananda was the first cousin of the Buddha by their fathers, and was devoted to him. In the twentieth year of the Buddhas ministry, he became the Buddhas personal attendant, accompanying him on most of his wanderings and taking the part of interlocutor in many of the recorded dialogues. He is the subject of a special panegyric delivered by the Buddha just before the Buddhas Parinibbana (the Mahaparinibbana Sutta (DN 16)); it is a panegyric for a man who is kindly, unselfish, popular, and thoughtful toward others.

(Source): WikiPedia: Buddhism

Ananda was one of the principle disciples of the Buddha and was with Him during last 25 years of His life. He is known for establishing the order of nuns. He was also picked up at the First Councli, by President Kasyapa, to recite all the sermons preached by the Buddha.

(Source): Buddhism Tourism: Glossary of Buddhist Terms

Madhyandina and Ananda II: The Buddhist Monks (1480-1400 BCE).—Gilgit Manuscript Vinayavastu part 1 (Bhaishajyavastu) mentions that Mahayana Buddhist monks Madhyandina and Ananda II lived 100 years after the nirvana of Nagarjuna Vajrapani.

(Source): academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ānanda (आनन्द) is the name of the sixth Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources, while the Digambara has Nandī as the sixth Baladeva. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The mother of Ānanda is known by the name Vaijayantī according to the Samavāyāṅga-sūtra, and their stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

The nine Baladevas (such as Ānanda) are also known as Balabhadra and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Baladeva is described as follows: their body is of a white complexion, they wear a blue-black robe, and the mark of the palm-tree (tāla) is seen on their banners.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ānanda (आनंद).—m (S) Joy, happiness, pleasure, gratification. Five characters or departments of ā0 are treated in five sections of pañcadaśīgrantha, named ātmānanda, brahmānanda, viṣayānanda, vidyānanda, yōgānanda. See in order. 2 An order among Gosavis and Sanyasis.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ānanda (आनंद).—m Happiness, joy. An order among religious mendicants or saṃ- nyāsī. ānandīṃ ānanda Joy upon joy; ex- ceeding joy. ānandaṇē v i Be glad; rejoice.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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