Jatadhara, aka: Jata-dhara, Jaṭādhara, Jaṭadhara, Jatādhara; 5 Definition(s)


Jatadhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Jaṭādhara (जटाधर) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Ruru, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (eg., Ruru) has a further eight sub-manifestations (eg., Jaṭādhara), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Jaṭādhara according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Ruru) having a pure white color, adorned with ornaments set with rubies; he should carry an akṣamālā, the aṅkuśa, a pustaka and a vīṇā. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Jatadhara in Purana glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jatādhara (जताधर).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 61).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Jatadhara in Pali glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jaṭādhara : (m.) an ascetic wearing matted hair.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jatadhara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jaṭadhara (जटधर).—epithets of Śiva.

Derivable forms: jaṭadharaḥ (जटधरः).

Jaṭadhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jaṭa and dhara (धर). See also (synonyms): jaṭacīra, jaṭaṭaṅka, jaṭaṭīra.

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Jaṭadhara (जटधर).—a. wearing matted hair. (-raḥ) 1 a mendicant or ascetic

2) Name of a lexicographer.

3) Name of a people in the south of India, Bṛ. S.14.13.

Jaṭadhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jaṭa and dhara (धर).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaṭādhara (जटाधर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. A Jina or Jaina deified saint. 3. Any mendicant wearing the braid of hair. E. jaṭā entangled hair, and dhara possessor; also with dhārin, jaṭādhārin (-rī)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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