Niratanka, Nir-atanka, Niratamka, Nirātaṅka: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Niratanka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Niratanka in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Nirātaṅka (निरातङ्क) means “freed from”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five years of the second yuga are known as—1. Aṅgirā, 2. Śrīmukha 3. Bhāva, 4. Yuvā and 5. Dhātā. Of these, during the first three years mankind will enjoy happiness and during the last two they will not enjoy much of it. In the first three of the above five years there will be abundance of rain and mankind will be freed from fears and anxieties [i.e., nirātaṅka-bhaya]; in the last two years the rainfall will be moderate but disease and wars will afflict mankind”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Nirātaṅka (निरातङ्क) refers to “fearless”, according to the Vedānta Deśika’s Yatirājasaptati.—The repeated reference to the Vedic basis of Rāmānuja’s teachings is stressed in several further phrases in verses 44, 47, 50, etc. In verse 57 Vedānta Deśika interestingly historicizes the tradition, accepting that even if Rāmānuja’s doctrine is new and others might have come before, this does not matter. For Rāmānuja is within the lineage of those ancient commentators such as Ṭaṅka, Dramiḍa and Guhadeva, who were fearless (nirātaṅka) because of their unobscured vision.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Niratanka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nirātaṅka : (adj.) free from disease; healthy.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nirātaṅka, (adj.) (nis+ātaṅka) healthy Miln. 251 (of paddy). (Page 370)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Niratanka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirātaṅka (निरातङ्क).—a.

1) free from fear; R.1.63; निरातङ्को रङ्को विहरति चिरं कोटिकनकैः (nirātaṅko raṅko viharati ciraṃ koṭikanakaiḥ) Śaṅkara (devyaparādhakṣamāpanastotram 6).

2) without ailment, comfortable, healthy.

3) not causing pain.

4) unchecked, unhampered; निरातङ्कः पङ्केष्विव पिशितपिण्डेषु विलसन् (nirātaṅkaḥ paṅkeṣviva piśitapiṇḍeṣu vilasan) Māl. 5.34.

-kaḥ an epithet of Śiva.

Nirātaṅka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and ātaṅka (आतङ्क).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirātaṅka (निरातङ्क).—adj. 1. without ailment, [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 12, 30. 2. not causing ailment, Mahābhārata 2, 285.

Nirātaṅka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and ātaṅka (आतङ्क).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirātaṅka (निरातङ्क).—[adjective] not uneasy, comfortable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirātaṅka (निरातङ्क):—[=nir-ātaṅka] [from nir > niḥ] mf(ā)n. free from fear or pain, not feeling or causing it, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Śivagītā, ascribed to the padma-purāṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirātaṅka (निरातङ्क) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇirāyaṃka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Niratanka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Niratanka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirātaṃka (ನಿರಾತಂಕ):—

1) [adjective] free from obstacles, impediments; free.

2) [adjective] free from anxiety, fear etc.

--- OR ---

Nirātaṃka (ನಿರಾತಂಕ):—

1) [noun] absence of obstacles, impediments, etc.

2) [noun] absence of fear; fearlessness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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