Vishoka, aka: Viśoka, Visoka, Viśokā; 12 Definition(s)
Vishoka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Viśoka and Viśokā can be transliterated into English as Visoka or Vishoka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Katha (narrative stories)
Viśoka (विशोक) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a sevenfold-power warrior (saptaguṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Viśoka, and others] are considered warriors of sevenfold power”.
The story of Viśoka was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Viśoka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Viśokā (विशोका) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Viśokā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
1) Viśoka (विशोक).—The charioteer of Bhīmasena. In the Bhāratabattle Bhagadatta struck him and he fell unconscious. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 95, Stanza 76).
2) Viśoka (विशोक).—A prince of Kekaya. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 82, Stanza 3, that this prince was killed by Karṇa in the battle of Bhārata.
3) Viśoka (विशोक).—A Yādava prince born to Kṛṣṇa by Trivakrā. This prince who was the disciple of Nārada had written the book, "Sātvatatantra". (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).
4) Viśokā (विशोका).—Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha, Chapter 38, that Śrī Kṛṣṇa had a wife called Viśokā.
5) Viśokā (विशोका).—An attendant of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Stanza 5).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Viśoka (विशोक).—A son of Trivakrā by Kṛṣṇa, and devoted to him; the author of Sātvata Tantra for the good women, Śūdras and slaves. A disciple of Nārada.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 90. 34 [1-2].
1b) One of the four sons in the 30th kalpa of Śarva, red in colour, attire, etc.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 22. 30.
1c) A son of Damana, an avatār of the Lord in the 3rd dvāpara.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 124.
1d) A divine forest in the Lohita hill; a garden of the gods.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 12; III. 7, 102.
2) Viśokā (विशोका).—A mind-born mother.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 25.
Viśoka (विशोक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.174.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viśoka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Viśokā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.5).Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Visoka (विसोक): Bhima's charioteer.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
1) Viśoka (विशोक).—Callous to material distress and happiness.
2) Viśoka (विशोक).—The charioteer of Bhīma.Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
India history and geogprahy
Viśokā (विशोका) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Nīlamata describes Viśokā as an incarnation of Lakṣmī and refers to its confluences with the Kauṇḍinyā, the Kṣīranadī and the Vitastā. Viśokā is the modern Veśau whose waters are seen suddenly gushing out from the foot of the last and lofty eminence forming the dam on the western end of the lake Kramasāra. The waters find an exit not over but through the rocky barrier with which the lake is surrounded —a fact suggesting the simile of the mouse hole.
The stream flows at first in the northerly direction and receives the Ghiṭṭinadī (Kṣīranadī) about a mile north of Kangwattan. Then it turns towards Budil pass and reaches Arabal whence it takes south-easterly direction. Turning to the north it joins the Rembyāra at the village of Nowana and the united stream flows into the Vitastā through the Sadarinji Nāla, lat. 30° 50' long 75° 7'.6Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
visoka : (adj.) free from grief.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Visoka, (adj.) (vi+soka) freed from grief Dh. 90; DhA. II, 166. (Page 641)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
viśōka (विशोक).—a S Delivered from sorrow or mental affliction.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Viśoka (विशोक).—a. Free from grief, happy.
-kaḥ 1 Cessation of grief; सुहृदां च विशोकाय स्वसुश्च प्रियकाम्यया (suhṛdāṃ ca viśokāya svasuśca priyakāmyayā) Bhāg.1.1. 7.
2) The Aśoka tree.
-kā Exemption from grief.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Ṣaṇṇa (षण्ण).—= Sanskrit ṣaṇḍa, thicket: nānādvijonnāditavṛkṣa-ṣaṇṇe (Bhvr.) vane viśokā muditā...
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