Dhanya, aka: Dhanyā, Dhānya, Dhānyā, Dhaṇya; 12 Definition(s)


Dhanya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Dhanya in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dhanyā (धन्या) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Dhanyā (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.

Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Dhānya (धान्य) refers to “rice”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Rice seems to have been the principal food of the Kaśmīrīs Its three varieties, namely, Śāli, Taṇḍula and Śyāmāka have been referred to (verses 135, 324,535, 732, 743, 781). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

1) Dhānya (धान्य) refers to “grain”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.15. Accordingly, “a charitable gift given to a needy person yields the utmost benefit. If it is given after entreaties it yields only half the benefit. [...] Gift of food-grains (dhānya and anna) is conducive to the increase of food production”.

2) Dhānya (धान्य) refers to “grains and pulses”, which are used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] now, O excellent one, listen to the quantity of and the benefit accruing from grains and pulses (dhānya) in their use for worship of Śiva. Heaping up rice grains (taṇḍula) by way of worship causes prosperity. Six and a half prastha, and two palas of rice grains constitute a hundred thousand in number of grains. These shall be used in their unsplit form for the worship of Śiva”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

1a) Dhanyā (धन्या).—The Vaiśya caste of Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 53.

1b) A daughter of Manas; wife of Dhruva; gave birth to a son Śiṣṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 38.

2) Dhānya (धान्य).—18 kinds of corn mentioned for making gifts.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 276. 7; 277. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Dhānya (धान्य) refers to “corn with the husk”.—The taṇḍulas are the unhusked grains, piṣṭa is the ground flour. In Sanskrit a distinction is made between śasya, the corn in the field, dhānya, corn with the husk, taṇḍula, grains without husks, anna, roasted grains.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Dhānya (धान्य, “grain”) represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Dhānya is listed in Śvetāmbara sources such as Devagupta’s Nava-pada-prakaraṇa with Laghu-vṛtti (58), and in Digambara sources such Cāmuṇḍarāya’s Caritrasāra (p. 7).

There is no unanimity on the number of varieties of dhānya: the earlier Śvetāmbaras name seven or eight sorts, Hemacandra and Siddhasena Sūri fix the figure at seventeen, whilst Devendra (and with him later writers such as Ratnaśekhara and Yaśovijaya) prefers a list of twenty-four drawn from the Daśavaikālikaniryukti. Here is Hemacandra’s list:

  1. vrīhi (rice),
  2. yava (barley),
  3. masūra (lentils),
  4. godhūma (wheat),
  5. mudga (the pulse, Phaseolus mungo),
  6. māṣa (the pulse, Phaseolus radiatus),
  7. tila (sesamum),
  8. aṇava (the grain, Panicum miliaceum),
  9. caṇaka (chickpeas),
  10. priyaṅgu (Italian millet, Panicum italicum),
  11. kodrava (the grain, Paspalum scrabiculatum),
  12. sana (hemp),
  13. kalāya (a kind of pulse),
  14. kulattha (the pulse, Dolichos uniflorus),
  15. makuṣṭa (the pulse, Phaseolus aconitifolius),
  16. śāli (rice),
  17. āḍhaki (the pulse, Cajanus indicus),
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Dhaṇya (धण्य) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dhaṇya] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Dhānya.—cf. sa-hiraṇya-dhānya-praṇaya-pradeya (IE 8-5); pro- duce of the fields, a share of which was payable to the king or landlord; cf. dhāny-ādāya. Note: dhānya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ḍhāṇyā (ढाण्या).—a (ḍhāṇa) Extremely sout--a fruit. 2 Spotted--a serpent, a leopard &c.

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dhanya (धन्य).—a (S) Blessed, happy, beatus; that has attained or accomplished the end of his existence or the object of his desires.

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dhanya (धन्य).—interj Bravo! noble! capital! well done! dhanya vāṭaṇēṃ in. con. To think highly of one's own self or doings.

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dhanya (धन्य).—f (S) Blessedness, beatification, consummated and crowned state.

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dhānya (धान्य).—n (S) pop. dhāna n Corn or grain gen. and, by preeminence, rice (rice in its husk). 2 In the navarātra some grains of rice or wheat are sow in an little earth which is put around dēvī, or in caitra around gaurī. These grains, when grown, are called dhāna. 3 Blades of corn stuck in the turban at the dasarā. dhānyapalālanyāya The law of the corn and its straw. Conquer the king and you conquer his subjects; accomplish or acquire a matter and you attain all it sustains or involves.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍhāṇyā (ढाण्या).—a very sour. Spotted.

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dhanya (धन्य).—a Blessed, happy. interj Bravo! well done! dhanya vāṭaṇēṃ in. con. To think high- ly of one's own self or doings.

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dhānya (धान्य).—n dhāna n Corn or grain gen.; and (by pre-eminence,) rice.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhanya (धन्य).—a. [dhanaṃ labdhā-yat]

1) Bestowing or conferring wealth; धन्यं यशस्यं पुत्रीयमायुष्यं विजयावहम् (dhanyaṃ yaśasyaṃ putrīyamāyuṣyaṃ vijayāvaham) Mb.1.67. Ms.3.16; धन्यानि शास्त्राण्यवेक्षेत (dhanyāni śāstrāṇyavekṣeta) 4.19.

2) Wealthy, rich opulent.

3) Blessed, fortunate, lucky, happy; धन्यं जीवनमस्य मार्गसरसः (dhanyaṃ jīvanamasya mārgasarasaḥ) Bv.1.16;4.37; धन्या केयं स्थिता ते शिरसि (dhanyā keyaṃ sthitā te śirasi) M.1.1.

4) Excellent, good, virtuous; धन्योऽसि कृतकृत्योऽसि पावितं ते कुलं त्वया । यदविद्याबन्धमुक्त्या ब्रह्मीभवितु- मिच्छसि (dhanyo'si kṛtakṛtyo'si pāvitaṃ te kulaṃ tvayā | yadavidyābandhamuktyā brahmībhavitu- micchasi) || Vivekachūdāmaṇi.

5) Wholesome, healthy; (idaṃ pāyasaṃ) प्रजाकरं गृहाण त्वं धन्यमारोग्यवर्धनम् (prajākaraṃ gṛhāṇa tvaṃ dhanyamārogyavardhanam) Rām.1.16.19.

-nyaḥ 1 A lucky or blessed man, a fortunate being; धन्यास्तदङ्गरजसा मलिनीभवन्ति (dhanyāstadaṅgarajasā malinībhavanti) Ś.7.17; Bh.1.41; धन्यः कोऽपि न विक्रियां कलयते प्राप्ते नवे यौवने (dhanyaḥ ko'pi na vikriyāṃ kalayate prāpte nave yauvane) 1.72.

2) An infidel, an atheist.

3) Name of a spell.

4) A source of wealth; धन्यानामुत्तमं दाक्ष्यं धनानामुत्तमं श्रुतम् (dhanyānāmuttamaṃ dākṣyaṃ dhanānāmuttamaṃ śrutam) Mb.3.313.74.

-nyā 1 A nurse.

2) Coriander.

3) Myrobalan; L. D. B.

-nyam 1 Wealth, treasure.

2) Coriander.

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Dhānya (धान्य).—[dhāne poṣaṇe sādhu yat]

1) Grain, corn, rice (for the distinction between sasya, dhānya, taṇḍula and anna see under taṇḍula). सस्यं क्षेत्रगतं प्रोक्तं सतुषं धान्यमुच्यते (sasyaṃ kṣetragataṃ proktaṃ satuṣaṃ dhānyamucyate).

2) Coriander.

3) A measure equal to four sesamum seeds.

Derivable forms: dhānyam (धान्यम्).

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Dhānyā (धान्या).—Coriander.

See also (synonyms): dhānyāka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhanya (धन्य).—mfn.

(-nya-nyā-nyaṃ) 1. Fortunate, well fated, lucky. 2. Good, virtuous. m.

(-nyaḥ) 1. An infidel, an atheist. 2. A virtuous or fortunate man. f.

(-nyā) 1. Emblic myrobalan. 2. A nurse. 3. Coriander. n.

(-nyaṃ) Wealth. E. dhana to produce, (grain, &c.) or dhana wealth, and yat affix of fitness.

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Dhānya (धान्य).—n.

(-nyaṃ) 1. Corn in general, but especially rice, (Orizasativa.) 2. Coriander. 3. A measure equal to four Seasamum seeds. E. dhā to nourish (mankind), Unadi affix yat, and nuṭ augment. dhāne poṣaṇe sādhu yat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 187 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śūkadhānya (शूकधान्य).—n. (-nyaṃ) Awned or bearded grain, as barley, &c. E. śūka an awn, dh...
Śamīdhānya (शमीधान्य).—any pulse or grain growing in pods, leguminous grain. Derivable forms: ś...
Rājadhānya (राजधान्य).—n. (-nyaṃ) A sort of grain, (Panicum frumentaceum, Rox.) E. rāja royal, ...
Dhānyasāra (धान्यसार).—m. (-raḥ) Grain after threshing. E. dhānya corn, and sāra essence.
Tṛṇadhānya (तृणधान्य).—m. (-nyaḥ) Grain growing wild or without cultivation. E. tṛṇa grass, and...
Homadhānya (होमधान्य).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Sesamum. 2. Barley.
Ṛṣidhānya (ऋषिधान्य).—The grain Coix barbata (Mar. varī). Derivable forms: ṛṣidhānyam (ऋषिधान्य...
Dhānyacamasa (धान्यचमस).—m. (-saḥ) Rice flattened by threshing after it has been steeped and fr...
Dhānyottama (धान्योत्तम).—m. (-maḥ) Rice. E. dhānya, and uttama best. dhānyeṣūttamaḥ .
Dhānyavīra (धान्यवीर).—m. (-raḥ) A sort of pulse, (Phaseolus max.) E. dhānya, and vīra best. mā...
Dhānyarāja (धान्यराज).—m. (-jaḥ) Barley. E. dhānya, and rājā king. yave .
Dhanadhānya (धनधान्य) refers to “cattle and corn” and Dhanadhānya-pramāṇātikrama refers to “exc...
Dhānyamāya (धान्यमाय).—m. (-yaḥ) A corn-seller, &c. E. dhānya grain, mā to measure, aṇ aff....
Dhānyāsthi (धान्यास्थि).—n. (-sthi) Grain after threshing. E. dhānya, and asthi a bone.
Dhānyapañcaka (धान्यपञ्चक).—the following grains; शालि, व्रीहि, शूक, शिखि (śāli, vrīhi, śūka, ś...

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