Tripura, Tri-pura, Tripurā: 21 definitions
Tripura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Tripura (त्रिपुर).—A phantom city built by Maya. Origin. Kaśyapa Maharṣi son of Marīci and grandson of Brahmā had many wives. Of them Aditi got the first place and Diti the second place. Both of them were daughters of Dakṣa Devas were born of Aditi and the asuras were born of Diti. Armies of asuras under the leadership of Śūrapadma, Siṃhavaktra, Tārakāsura, Gomukha, Hiraṇyākṣa, and Hiraṇyakaśipu gave immense trouble to the devas. The devas joined together under the leadership of Indra and fought the asuras. The nectar received from the ocean of Milk always made the devas the conquerors. When Subrahmaṇya slew Tārakāsura the asuras became very weak. At this stage Kamalākṣa, Tārakākṣa and Vidyunmālī, sons of Tārakāsura, did severe penance and made Brahmā appear before them. They demanded a boon that they would never be killed by anybody in any of the three worlds. Brahmā told them to ask any boon other than that. Then they said: "Great Lord, we must live in three cities and then roam about freely in the three worlds by your grace. Every thousand years all the three of us should join together at a place with our cities. After that meeting, we should separate and roam about freely for another thousand years. If at all there is death for us, it should occur only when we three are together and that also by one arrow." Brahmā granted the boon and disappeared. (See full article at Story of Tripura from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Tripura (त्रिपुर).—A city built by Māyā, of gold, silver and iron fortifications for the sake of Asuras.1 Really three towns under Tāraka, Maya and Vidyunmāli; city described. Battle of Tripuram; march of Śiva's army. First battle at Tārakākhyapuram; non-combatants visiting it; fight between Nandi and Vidyunmāli; Tāraka's fight with the Gaṇas; actual battle on the shores of the western sea, described; battle in the air and under water; Tāraka slain by Nandi, as also Vidyunmāli; burning the city including women and children by Śiva.2
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 17. 13; V. 24. 28; VII. 10. 54 and 68. VIII. 6. 31; XI. 16. 20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 82. Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 82.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa Chh. 129-130; Chh. 135-140; 187. 8, 14-6; 188. 9-10.
1b) An Asura having his city in the third Talam.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 27; III. 38. 4.
1c) A Tīrtham sacred to Pitṛs.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 43.
2) Tripurā (त्रिपुरा).—A name of Lalitā; worship of.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.
Tripura (त्रिपुर).—With one arrow Śiva reduces to ashes three pura, towns with formidable fort walls, which were built by Maya the architect of demons. These towns were in possession of three demons Tārākṣa, Kamalākṣa and Vidyunmāli, sons of demon Tārakāsura. Owing to their invincibility, the three demons become very haughty and a menace to the earth. They cannot be conquered by ordinary heroes. Some super natural energy is necessary and Śiva fulfilled that need.
The Matsyapurāṇa describes the arrow thus: “The arrow with which Śiva consumed the castle Tripura was forged with the potency of the three Devas: 1) Mahā Viṣṇu, 2) Soma, and 3) Agni. ….. Viṣṇu presented himself in the form of violence and strength”.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Tripura (त्रिपुर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.38, VI.83.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tripura) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
Tripura (त्रिपुर) was destroyed by Śiva, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the description of Tripura; entrance of Māyin sent by Viṣṇu in Tripura to delude the inhabitants; the eulogy of Śiva by Viṣṇu for the destruction of Tripura, the description of Śiva’s chariot and destruction of Tripura by Śiva—are all described vividly in chapters thirty-four and thirty-five.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Tripura (त्रिपुर).—A large district on the far eastern side of Bengal, just south of the Śrī Hatta (Sylhet) area of Assam. In olden times Tripura was part of Bengal. The kings of Tripura had a long-standing relationship with Ṭhākura Bhaktivinoda and later with Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Tripura (त्रिपुर) is the name of a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. It is also known by the name Traipura. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Tripurā (त्रिपुरा) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, as Vīravara praised Durgā: “... thou art the principle of life in creatures; by thee this world moves. In the beginning of creation Śiva beheld thee self-produced, blazing and illuminating the world with brightness hard to behold, like ten million orbs of fiery suddenly produced infant suns rising at once, filling the whole horizon with the circle of thy arms, bearing a sword, a club, a bow, arrows and a spear. And thou wast praised by that god Śiva in the following words ... [Tripurā, etc...]”.
Also, “... when Skanda, and Vasiṣṭha, and Brahmā, and the others heard thee praised, under these [eg., Tripurā] and other titles, by Śiva well skilled in praising, they also praised thee. And by praising thee, O adorable one, immortals, Ṛṣis and men obtained, and do now obtain, boons above their desire. ”
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Tripurā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Tripura (त्रिपुर, ‘a threefold stronghold’) is alluded to in the Brāhmaṇas as a secure protection. But as the passages are mythical no stress can be laid on them as evidence for the existence of forts with three concentric walls.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Tripura (त्रिपुरा): Tripura (meaning three cities, in Sanskrit) was constructed by the great architect Mayasura. They were great cities of prosperity, power and dominance over the world, but due to their impious nature, Maya's cities were destroyed by Lord Shiva.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Tripura (त्रिपुर) is the name of an ancient city, according to chapter 5.2 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, as a Goddess said to Sumati:—“[...] One day they (i.e., Kanakaśrī and Dhanaśrī) went out of curiosity to an aśoka-grove filled with pleasure-peaks, streams, tanks, and numerous kinds of trees. While they were playing there different games on a river-bank, a young Khecara, Vīrāṅga, the lord of Tripura, kidnaped them. His noble-hearted wife, Vajraśyāmalikā, made him release them, like a lion a pair of does. The girls fell instantly from the sky, like goddesses banished to earth by a curse, on a patch of bamboo on a river-bank in a terrible forest. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tripura (त्रिपुर).—n (S) A district, the modern Tipperah. 2 m A large lamp burned before the idol on the day of the full moon of Kartik; esp. as placed on the lamp-pillar standing in front of the temple. 3 The lights which, on the day of Shivaratra, women burn before the image of Shiva. 4 The lamppillar which is erected in front of a temple.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
tripura (त्रिपुर).—m A large lamp burnt before the idol on the 15th of kārtika.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) a collection of three cities.
2) the three cities of gold, silver, and iron in the sky, air and earth built for demons by Maya; (these cities were burnt down, along the demons inhabiting them, by Śiva at the request of the gods); Ku.7.48; Amaru.2; संरक्ताभिस्त्रिपुरविजयो गीयते किन्नरीभिः (saṃraktābhistripuravijayo gīyate kinnarībhiḥ) Me.56; Bh.3.123;
-raḥ Name of a demon or demons presiding over these cities. °अधिपतिः (adhipatiḥ) Name of Maya, °अन्तकः, °अरिः, °घ्नः, °दहनः, °द्विष् (antakaḥ, °ariḥ, °ghnaḥ, °dahanaḥ, °dviṣ) m., हरः (haraḥ) &c. epithets of Śiva; अये गौरीनाथ त्रिपुरहर शम्भो त्रिनयन (aye gaurīnātha tripurahara śambho trinayana) Bh.3.123; R.17.14. °दाहः (dāhaḥ) burning of the three cities; मुहुरनुस्मरयन्तमनुक्षपं त्रिपुरदाहमुमापतिसेविनः (muhuranusmarayantamanukṣapaṃ tripuradāhamumāpatisevinaḥ) Ki.5.14. °सुन्दरी (sundarī) Durgā. (-rī) 1 Name of a place near Jabalpura, formerly capital of the kings of Chedi.
Derivable forms: tripuram (त्रिपुरम्).
Tripura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and pura (पुर).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Tripura (त्रिपुर).—name of a locality: Mahā-Māyūrī 88 (app. not the same as Sanskrit Tripurī which occurs Mahā-Māyūrī 50).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tripura (त्रिपुर).—nf. (-raṃ-rī) 1. The three cities gold, silver and iron erected by the demon Maya and burnt down by Siva. 2. A district, the modern Tipperah, &c. m.
(-raḥ) The name of an Asura, and king of Tripura. E. tri three, and pura a city, the district and dominion of that Asura, consisting of three strong and famous cities.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tripura (त्रिपुर).—[neuter] the triple city or the three cities (of the Asuras, destroyed by Śiva); also [Name] of the capital of the Cedis.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Tripura (त्रिपुर):—[=tri-pura] [from tri] n. sg. idem (built of gold, silver, and iron, in the sky, air, and earth, by Maya for the Asuras, and burnt by Śiva, [Mahābhārata] etc.; cf. [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vi, 2, 3, 1]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa vi, 3, 3, 25; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa ii, 11; Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa], Name of an Up.
2) [v.s. ...] of a town, [Kṣitīśa-vaṃśāvalī-carita iii, 17]
3) [v.s. ...] m. Śiva, [Śaktiratnākara v]
4) [v.s. ...] the Asura Bāṇa, [Revā-khaṇḍa]
5) Tripurā (त्रिपुरा):—[=tri-purā] [from tri-pura > tri] a f. a kind of cardamoms (cf. -puṭā), [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
6) [v.s. ...] a kind of rice, [ib.]
7) [v.s. ...] a kind of sorcery, [Śāradā-tilaka xii]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of an, [Upaniṣad]
9) [v.s. ...] Durgā, [Kālikā-purāṇa; Tantrasāra; Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]
10) [=tri-purā] [from tri] b f. See raSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tripura (त्रिपुर):—[tri-pura] (raṃ-rī) 1. n. 3. f. A district. m. A king of it; a demon.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Tripura (त्रिपुर):—(tri + pur, pura)
1) n. oxyt. dreifache Wehr, - Burg: tasmādu haitatpurāṃ paramaṃ rūpaṃ yattripuram [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 3, 3, 25.] te devāḥ pratibudhyāgnimayīḥ purastripuraṃ paryāsyanta [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 11.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 310.] Im Epos drei Burgen (von Gold, Silber und Eisen, im Himmel, im Luftraum und auf der Erde), welche Maya den Asura erbaute und welche Śiva durch Feuer vernichtete, [Mahābhārata.7,9555. fgg. 8,1402. fgg.] [Harivaṃśa 16242. fgg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.7,10,53. fgg.] [Matsyapurāṇa] in [Oxforder Handschriften 41,b.] [Mahābhārata.1,543.3,883. 13,798. 855.] [Harivaṃśa 4161.] [Rāmāyaṇa.4,5,30.] [Kumārasaṃbhava.7,48.] [Amaruśataka 2.] vāsinaḥ [Mahābhārata 7, 9559.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 6, 31.] tripurālayāḥ [7, 10, 55.] dāha die Verbrennung von Tr. [Rājataraṅgiṇī 8, 994.] [Kirātārjunīya 5, 14.] Titel eines dramatischen Stückes [Sāhityadarpana 194, 1.] Śiva führt die Beinamen: tripuraghna [Arjunasamāgama 10, 57.] [Mahābhārata 7, 3941. 12, 10357. 14, 207.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 74, 18.] dahana [Hārāvalī 8.] dviṣ [Raghuvaṃśa 17, 14.] vijaya [Meghadūta 57.] han [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 74, 38.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 17, 13.] hara (oder ist etwa tripurahara in zwei Vocative zu zerlegen?) [Bhartṛhari 3, 87.] tripurāntaka [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 29.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 200,] [Scholiast] [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 27,] [Nalopākhyāna 2.] [Harivaṃśa 1579.] [Mahābhārata 2, 1641.] tripurāntakara [754.] tripurāri [Suśruta 2, 394, 9.] tripurārdana [Mahābhārata 3, 14521.] tripurāri bezeichnet [Kathāsaritsāgara 9, 7] Indra. Maya, der Erbauer der Burgen, erhält den Beinamen tripurādhipati [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 24, 28. 8, 10, 22.] bālāmantrāḥ [Tantrasāra] in [Oxforder Handschriften 93,b,17.] mahātripurasundarīkavaca [94,a,41.b,5.] Wohl in Folge einiger obenangeführter Beinamen Śiva’s hat man in späterer Zeit Tripura nicht als Name einer Stadt, sondern als den eines Asura erklärt, aber es heisst auch von der Stadt: tripurasya badhārthāya [Mahābhārata 7, 9570.] hate ca tripure [Harivaṃśa 16322.] —
2) m. eine Form des Śiva (als Tripura-Helden) [Oxforder Handschriften 101,a,31.] —
3) f. ā a) Nomen proprium einer Stadt [Mahābhārata 3, 15246.] — b) eine Form der Durgā (= tripuṭā?) [Kalikāpurāṇa im Śabdakalpadruma] nyāsa [Tantrasāra] in [Oxforder Handschriften 93,b,25.] sāra [95,a,34.] sārasamuccaya [110,b,5.] bhairavīyantra [96,a,2.] dhāraṇayantra b, 2. —
4) f. ī Nomen proprium einer Stadt, = cedinagarī [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 975.] Nomen proprium eines Landes im Südosten von Madhyadeśa, das heutige Tipperah, [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 71.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 14, 9.] tripurādideśa (tripura oder tripurā) [KṢITĪŚĀV. 7, 21.] —
5) tripura und tripurī Name zweier Upaniṣad [Colebrooke I, 112.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 230. 252. fg.] tripura, tripurā und tripurātapana [3, 325.] tripurī von Śaṃkarākārya [Weber’s Verzeichniss 180.] vidyāṃ tripurām [Oxforder Handschriften 106,a,13.]
--- OR ---
1) ghātin Śiva [Kathāsaritsāgara 115, 108.] tripurāntaka desgl. [103, 236.] tripurārāti desgl. [56, 239.] tripurāri desgl. [52, 389.] sundarī eine Form der Durgā [Oxforder Handschriften 88,a,10. 94,b,5.] —
3) b) [Kathāsaritsāgara 53, 170.] — Ueber die Lage der Orte tripura, tripurī und tripurīkṣetra vgl. [HALL] in [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6, 516. fg.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) n. — a) oxyt. dreifache Wehr , — Burg. Im Epos (vgl. [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6,2,3,1]) drei von Maya für die Asura erbaute Burgen aus Gold , Silber und Eisen , die Śiva verbrannte. — b) Titel einer Upaniṣad. — c) Nomen proprium einer Stadt. —
2) m. — a) eine Form Śiva's. — b) Beiname des Asura Bāṇa [VP.².,5,118.] —
3) f. ā — a) *eine Art Kardamomen [Galano's Wörterbuch] Vgl. tripuṭā und ṭī. — b) *eine Reisart [Galano's Wörterbuch] — c) eine best. Zauberkunst. — d) Titel einer Upaniṣad. — e) eine Form der Durgā [Pañcadaṇḍacchattrabandha] — f) Nomen proprium einer Stadt. purī v.l. —
4) f. ī — a) Titel einer Upaniṣad. — b) Nomen proprium der Hauptstadt der Cedi [Mahābhārata 3,254,10] [Bālarāmāyaṇa 68,7.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+94): Tripura Rahasya, Tripurabhairava, Tripurabhairavi, Tripurabhairavipaddhati, Tripurabhairavipancanga, Tripuradaha, Tripuradahana, Tripuradahanacarita, Tripuradahanastotra, Tripuradhipati, Tripuradruh, Tripuradvish, Tripuraghatin, Tripuraghna, Tripuraghnamurti, Tripurahan, Tripurahara, Tripurahridaya, Tripurajapahomavidhi, Tripurajit.
Full-text (+126): Traipura, Tripuramallika, Tripuradaha, Puraukas, Tripuradahana, Tripureshadri, Tripurantaka, Tripuravighna, Tripureshvara, Tripurari, Purari, Tripurabhairava, Tripuratapani, Tripurasamuccaya, Tripuratapana, Tripuropakhyana, Tripurasara, Tripuraghna, Tripurajit, Tripuradvish.
Search found 42 books and stories containing Tripura, Tri-pura, Tri-purā, Tripurā; (plurals include: Tripuras, puras, purās, Tripurās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 272 - Greatness of Tripura-Liṅga-Traya < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 47 - Installation of Goddesses at Bahūdaka Tīrtha < [Section 2 - Kaumārikā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 28 - Destruction of Tripura < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 159 - Koṭaratīrtha < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 15 - The Greatness of Amarakaṇṭaka < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
Chapter 14 - Sages Pray to God Śiva for Protection from Demon Bāṇa < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 10 - The burning of the Tripuras < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 4 - The Tripuras are initiated < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 3 - The virtues of the Tripuras < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Part 2 - Source of the poem [Śrīkaṇṭhacarita] < [Chapter II - The Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
Part 6 - Innovations and deviations < [Chapter II - The Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
Part 3 - Title of the poem [Śrīkaṇṭhacarita] < [Chapter II - The Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)