Atithi: 19 definitions
Atithi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Atithi (अतिथि):—Son of Kuśa (son of Rāmacandra, or, Rāma). He had a son named Niṣadha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.1)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Atithi (अतिथि).—(guest). In ancient Bhārata Atithi-satkāra (hospitality to a guest) was considered as a yajña. In Manusmṛti, Chapter 100, Verse 3, it is said that even if one lives on the scattered grains in the fields after harvest, and even if penance is offered in the midst of Pañcāgni (five fires) unless the Brahmin who comes as a guest is fed, all virtuous deeds would be useless. Besides, Manu has made the following remarks about the Atithi (guest).
"A new visitor at night must be treated as an Atithi. An Atithi is one who comes occasionally, not daily. But one who lives in your village and goes about as a vagabond for a living, does not deserve to be treated as an Atithi. The guest who comes either before or after mealtime should not be sent away without being fed. Even a Vaiśya or Śūdra who comes as a guest to a Brahmin’s house has to be given food when the servants are given food."Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Atithi (अतिथि).—The son of Kuśa, Ramā's son and father of Niṣadha: a good looking monarch.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 201; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 52; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 201; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 105.
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 15. 8-20; 21. 46.
- 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 9. 15; 11. 58-70; 78, 106-110; 15. 25.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 7-19.
Atithi (अतिथि) is the son of Kuśa and grandson of Rāma, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Daśaratha had four sons who were religious and famous in the world. They were Rāma, Bharata, Lakṣmaṇa and Śatrughna. All of them were devoted to Lord Mahādeva. [...] Lava and Kuśa were two sons of Rāma. From Kuśa was born Atithi and from Atithi was born Niṣadha.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Atithi.—(EI 10; CII 3, 4), reception of guests; one of the five daily rites (mahāyajñas) of a Brāhmaṇa. See sattra. Note: atithi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
atithi : (m.) a guest; stranger.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Atithi, (Sk. atithi of at = aṭ, see aṭata; orig. the wanderer, cp. Vedic atithin wandering) a guest, stranger, newcomer D. I, 117 (= āgantuka-navaka pāhuṇaka DA. I, 288); A. II, 68; III, 45, 260; J. IV, 31, 274; V, 388; Kh VIII, 7 (= n’atthi assa ṭhiti yamhi vā tamhi vā divase āgacchatī ti atithi KhA 222); VvA. 24 (= āgantuka). (Page 19)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
atithi (अतिथि).—m (S) A person coming uninvited at the meal-hour, and entitled to the rites of hospitality.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
atithi (अतिथि).—m An uninvited guest. One coming just at the time of meals and thus entitled to hospitality.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Atithi (अतिथि).—[atati gacchati na tiṣṭhati; at-ithin Uṇ.4.2; lit. a 'traveller'; according to Manu ekarātraṃ tu nivasan atithirbrāhmaṇaḥ smṛtaḥ | anityaṃ hi sthito yasmāttasmādatithirucyate || 3.12 cf. also yasya na jñāyate nāma na ca gotraṃ na ca sthitiḥ | akasmād gṛhamāyātaḥ so'tithiḥ procyate vudhaiḥ ||]
1) A guest (fig. also); अतिथिनेव निवेदितम् (atithineva niveditam) Ś.4; कुसुमलताप्रियातिथे (kusumalatāpriyātithe) Ś.6 dear or welcome guest; पुरन्दरपुरातिथिषु पितृषु (purandarapurātithiṣu pitṛṣu) Dk.2 the guests of Indra's capital i. e. dead; so समरे यमनगरातिथिरकारि (samare yamanagarātithirakāri) 12; धन्यानां श्रवणपथातिथित्वमेति (dhanyānāṃ śravaṇapathātithitvameti) (uktam) Ratn.2.7. becomes a guest of, i. e. goes to or falls on the ears of the fortunate only; करोति ते मुखं तन्वि चपेटापातनातिथिम् (karoti te mukhaṃ tanvi capeṭāpātanātithim) K.P.
3) Name of a son of Kuśa and Kumudvatī and grandson of Rāma.
Derivable forms: atithiḥ (अतिथिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-thiḥ-thā) A guest, a person entitled to the rites of hospitality. m.
(-thiḥ) 1. A proper name, the son of Kusa. and grandson of Rama. 2. Wrath. E. ata to go, and ithin Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atithi (अतिथि).— (vb. at), m. 1. A guest. 2. The name of a king.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atithi (अतिथि).—[masculine] guest: atithitva [neuter] hospitality.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Atithi (अतिथि):—m. (√at, or said to be from a-tithi, ‘one who has no fixed day for coming’), a guest, a person entitled to hospitality
2) Name of Agni
3) of an attendant on Soma
4) Name of Suhotra (king of Ayodhyā, and grandson of Rāma).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atithi (अतिथि):—I. 1. m. f. n.
(-thiḥ-thī-thi) One who arrives and, though entirely unknown, is entitled to the rites of hospitality, a guest. See atithin. 2. m.
(-thiḥ) 1) A proper name of a king of Ayodhyā, the son of Kuśa and grandson of Rāma.
2) The vaidik name of an attendant of Soma. (This latter meaning is more likely to be taken in a figurative sense, Soma being mentioned as the name of a king and Agni, Atithi, Śyena as those of his attendants). E. at, uṇ. aff. ithin. (atithi in the meaning of ‘guest’ is also explained as a [bahuvrihi compound] ‘one who has no kind of tithi or holy day, who may arrive any day’ or ‘one who does not sojourn a whole tithi, but only one single night’, or ‘one who is not steady (when tithi is supposed to be a mutilated form of sthiti)’; all these explanations are artificial.) Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m.
(-thiḥ) Wrath, anger. E. a priv. and tithi ‘not restricted to a tithi, what may come at any time’.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
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Atithi (अतिथि):—[Z. 6 lies 10, 6, 4 Stenzler 10, 7, 4. 6.] Am Ende eines comp. an Etwas gehend, obliegend: ahaṃ kadācidgāṅgāyāstīre triṣavaṇātithiḥ . carāmyekaḥ [Harivaṃśa 9624.] śaratkālasamullāsipūrṇimāśarvarīpriyam . karoti te mukhaṃ tanvi capeṭāpātanātithim .. mit einer Ohrfeige bewirthen so v. a. abfahren lassen, verhöhnen, übertreffen [Kāvyaprakāśa 71, 4.] — Vgl. deśātithi, pathātithi .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Atithi (अतिथि):—m. —
1) Gast. —
2) am Ende eines Comp. obliegend ; gelangt — , gekommen zu. karṇapathātithi zu Ohren gelangt [Rājataraṃgiṇī 7,1264.] [Vikramāṅkadevacarita 6,9.] —
3) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Atithi (अतिथि):—(nm) a guest; —[kalākāra] guest artist; ~[gṛha] guesthouse;—[dharma] duty towards a guest, rights of hospitality; ~[parāyaṇa] hospitable; ~[parāyaṇatā] hospitality;—[satkāra/sevā] hospitality; honourable treatment to a guest.
See also (Relevant definitions)