Atithi; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Atithi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Atithi in Purana glossaries]

Atithi (अतिथि):—Son of Kuśa (son of Rāmacandra, or, Rāma). He had a son named Niṣadha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.1)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Atithi (अतिथि).—(guest). In ancient Bhārata Atithi-satkāra (hospitality to a guest) was considered as a yajña. In Manusmṛti, Chapter 100, Verse 3, it is said that even if one lives on the scattered grains in the fields after harvest, and even if penance is offered in the midst of Pañcāgni (five fires) unless the Brahmin who comes as a guest is fed, all virtuous deeds would be useless. Besides, Manu has made the following remarks about the Atithi (guest).

"A new visitor at night must be treated as an Atithi. An Atithi is one who comes occasionally, not daily. But one who lives in your village and goes about as a vagabond for a living, does not deserve to be treated as an Atithi. The guest who comes either before or after mealtime should not be sent away without being fed. Even a Vaiśya or Śūdra who comes as a guest to a Brahmin’s house has to be given food when the servants are given food."

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Atithi (अतिथि).—The son of Kuśa, Ramā's son and father of Niṣadha: a good looking monarch.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 201; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 52; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 201; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 105.

1b) Honouring the guest is a kind of yāga.1 An imperative duty of a householder;2 to be entertained in śrāddhas.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 15. 8-20; 21. 46.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 9. 15; 11. 58-70; 78, 106-110; 15. 25.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 7-19.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Atithi in Pali glossaries]

atithi : (m.) a guest; stranger.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Atithi, (Sk. atithi of at = aṭ, see aṭata; orig. the wanderer, cp. Vedic atithin wandering) a guest, stranger, newcomer D. I, 117 (= āgantuka-navaka pāhuṇaka DA. I, 288); A. II, 68; III, 45, 260; J. IV, 31, 274; V, 388; Kh VIII, 7 (= n’atthi assa ṭhiti yamhi vā tamhi vā divase āgacchatī ti atithi KhA 222); VvA. 24 (= āgantuka). (Page 19)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Atithi in Marathi glossaries]

atithi (अतिथि).—m (S) A person coming uninvited at the meal-hour, and entitled to the rites of hospitality.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atithi (अतिथि).—m An uninvited guest. One coming just at the time of meals and thus entitled to hospitality.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Atithi in Sanskrit glossaries]

Atithi (अतिथि).—[atati gacchati na tiṣṭhati; at-ithin Uṇ.4.2; lit. a 'traveller'; according to Manu ekarātraṃ tu nivasan atithirbrāhmaṇaḥ smṛtaḥ | anityaṃ hi sthito yasmāttasmādatithirucyate || 3.12 cf. also yasya na jñāyate nāma na ca gotraṃ na ca sthitiḥ | akasmād gṛhamāyātaḥ so'tithiḥ procyate vudhaiḥ ||]

1) A guest (fig. also); अतिथिनेव निवेदितम् (atithineva niveditam) Ś.4; कुसुमलताप्रियातिथे (kusumalatāpriyātithe) Ś.6 dear or welcome guest; पुरन्दरपुरातिथिषु पितृषु (purandarapurātithiṣu pitṛṣu) Dk.2 the guests of Indra's capital i. e. dead; so समरे यमनगरातिथिरकारि (samare yamanagarātithirakāri) 12; धन्यानां श्रवणपथातिथित्वमेति (dhanyānāṃ śravaṇapathātithitvameti) (uktam) Ratn.2.7. becomes a guest of, i. e. goes to or falls on the ears of the fortunate only; करोति ते मुखं तन्वि चपेटापातनातिथिम् (karoti te mukhaṃ tanvi capeṭāpātanātithim) K.P.

2) Wrath.

3) Name of a son of Kuśa and Kumudvatī and grandson of Rāma.

Derivable forms: atithiḥ (अतिथिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 38 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Medhatithi
1) Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—Grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu. Svāyambhuva Manu had two sons named Pri...
Atithisatkara
Atithisatkāra (अतिथिसत्कार).—hospitable reception of guests, rite of hospitality, hospitality,...
Priyatithi
Priyātithi (प्रियातिथि).—a. hospitable. Priyātithi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
Atithidharma
Atithidharma (अतिथिधर्म).—title or claim to hospitality; hospitality due to guests; गृह्यतां °र...
Atithipuja
Atithipūjā (अतिथिपूजा).—hospitable reception of guests, rite of hospitality, hospitality, atte...
Pathatithi
Pathātithi (पथातिथि).—a traveller. Derivable forms: pathātithiḥ (पथातिथिः).Pathātithi is a Sans...
Atithiseva
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Atithideva
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Atithipati
Atithipati (अतिथिपति).—the host or entertainer.Derivable forms: atithipatiḥ (अतिथिपतिः).Atithip...
Bhramaratithi
Bhramarātithi (भ्रमरातिथि).—the Champaka tree. Derivable forms: bhramarātithiḥ (भ्रमरातिथिः).Bh...
Netratithi
Netrātithi (नेत्रातिथि).—a. One who has become visible. Netrātithi is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Deshatithi
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Krishatithi
Kṛśātithi (कृशातिथि).—a. one who keeps his guests short of food; Mb.12.8.24. Kṛśātithi is a San...
Atithidharmin
Atithidharmin (अतिथिधर्मिन्).—a. entitled to hospitality as a guest वैश्यशूद्रावपि प्राप्तौ कुट...
Ranatithi
Raṇātithi (रणातिथि).—a battle-guest; श्लाघ्यः प्राप्तो रणातिथिः (ślāghyaḥ prāpto raṇātithiḥ) Pa...

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