Avara, Āvāra, Āvara: 12 definitions

Introduction

Avara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Avara (अवर, “the youngest”).—One of the names of the Goddess, Devī, who is regarded as the female principle of the divine; the embodiement of the energies of the Gods.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Avara (अवर, “small”) refers to one of the three sizes of playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) used, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.8-11. This size is stated to be meant for humans (the other size being meant for Gods or kings). The measurement of the jyeṣṭha type playhouse is stated to count 32 hastas (also translated as ‘cubit’; one hasta equals 24 aṅgulas). They can also be measured using the same amount of daṇḍas (one daṇḍa equals 4 hastas).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āvara.—(CII 4), a stall. Cf. āvāra. Note: āvara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Āvāra.—(IE 8-5), cf. āpaṇeṣu āvāraḥ, ‘collections to be made from the shops in a market’. Cf. āvara. Note: āvāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āvara, (adj.) (fr. ā + vṛ) obstructing, keeping off from J. V, 325 (so to be read in ariya-magg-âvara). (Page 111)

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Āvāra, (Sk. āvāra, fr. ā + vṛ) warding off, protection, guard J VI 432 (yanta-yutta°, does it mean “cover, shield”?). ‹-› For cpd. khandh’āvāra see khandha. (Page 112)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avara (अवर).—ad On this or the nearer side. Correl. with tavara.

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avarā (अवरा).—m C A legume, a variety of Phaseolus radiatus. Also called kaḍavā.

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avāra (अवार).—ad (Vulgar.) On this or the nearer side. Correl. with tavāra.

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avāra (अवार).—& avārakhānā See āvāra & āvārakhānā.

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āvara (आवर).—m S āvaraāṭōpa m Contracting or drawing into narrow compass; gathering into a compact form or state; closing or winding up. 2 Control, cohibition, governance, rule. 3 Management, address, ability, skill and despatch at business.

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āvāra (आवार).—n m C (āvāra S) An enclosure; an enclosed space; a compound or yard. 2 Applied sometimes to the enclosing body (fence, hedge, railing, wall, ditch &c.): also to the enclosedness effected. Ex. pāḍōni dēvācēṃ śikhara || ghātalēṃ sabhōṃvatēṃ ā0 ॥

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āvārā (आवारा).—m (āva) Extensive and mighty preparations; an imposing display of measures, materials, arrangements, indicating some vast project. v ghāla. 2 fig. The rising and forming again after bursting (of a boil or tumor). v dhara, ghāla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āvara (आवर).—m Control; management. Con- tracting.

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āvāra (आवार).—n m An enclosure, a compound.

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āvārā (आवारा).—m Extensive and mighty preparations, an imposing display of measure &c. indicating some vast project.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avara (अवर).—a. [vṛ-bā° ap na. ta]

1) (a) Younger (in years); मासेनावरः (māsenāvaraḥ) = मासावरः (māsāvaraḥ) Sk. (b) Later; Posterior hinder (in time or space); दक्षौ विवस्वानवरः (dakṣau vivasvānavaraḥ) Rām.; पूर्वजे- नावरः पुत्रौ ज्येष्ठो राज्येऽभिषिच्यते (pūrvaje- nāvaraḥ putrau jyeṣṭho rājye'bhiṣicyate) Rām.; यदवरं कौशाम्ब्याः, यदवरमाग्रहायण्याः (yadavaraṃ kauśāmbyāḥ, yadavaramāgrahāyaṇyāḥ) P.III.3.136-7 sk.; रामाद्वर्षेणाधोक्षजोऽवरः (rāmādvarṣeṇādhokṣajo'varaḥ) Bop.

2) Following, succeeding; जरावराः (jarāvarāḥ) (śabdāḥ) Ak., अवरः श्रद्धयोपेतः (avaraḥ śraddhayopetaḥ) Bhāg.4.18.4. चतुरोऽवरान् (caturo'varān) Ms.3.33.

3) Below, under, lower, inferior, less; वर्णावरो भ्राता (varṇāvaro bhrātā) M.1.

4) Mean, unimportant, worst, lowest (opp. uttama); अव्यङ्ग्यमवरं स्मृतम् (avyaṅgyamavaraṃ smṛtam) K. P.1; दूरेण ह्यवरं कर्म बुद्धियोगाद्- धनञ्जय (dūreṇa hyavaraṃ karma buddhiyogād- dhanañjaya) Bg.2.49; श्रद्दधानं शुभां विद्यामाददीतावरादपि (śraddadhānaṃ śubhāṃ vidyāmādadītāvarādapi) Ms. 2.238.

5) Last (opp. prathama); सामान्यमेषां प्रथमावरत्वम् (sāmānyameṣāṃ prathamāvaratvam) Ku. 7.44.

6) Least; usually as the last member of comp. with numerals; त्र्यवरैः साक्षिभिर्भाव्यः (tryavaraiḥ sākṣibhirbhāvyaḥ) Ms.8.6,3.187; 11.8,12.11; त्र्यवरा परिषद् ज्ञेया (tryavarā pariṣad jñeyā) 112; Y.2.69.

7) Western.

8) Nearer, next.

9) Most excellent (atyanta- śreṣṭha).

-raḥ 1 A country behind.

2) Time gone.

-rā 1 A Direction.

2) Name of Durgā.

-ram The hind thigh of an elephant (also ° ).

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Avara (अवर).—1 A. To leave off, cease (only in p. p.)

Derivable forms: avaram (अवरम्).

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Avāra (अवार).—[na vāryate jalena vṛ-karmaṇi ghañ]

1) The near bank of a river; नास्य द्वीपः कुतः पारो नावारः संप्रदृश्यते (nāsya dvīpaḥ kutaḥ pāro nāvāraḥ saṃpradṛśyate) Mb.12.224.21.

2) This side; यो वै संवत्सरस्यावरं पारं च वेद (yo vai saṃvatsarasyāvaraṃ pāraṃ ca veda) Ait. Br. °तस् (tas) ind. to this side; पयो दुहाना व्रतनीरवारतः (payo duhānā vratanīravārataḥ) Rv.1.65.6.

Derivable forms: avāraḥ (अवारः), avāram (अवारम्).

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Āvāra (आवार).—Enclosing, keeping off, as in दुरावार (durāvāra) q. v.

Derivable forms: āvāraḥ (आवारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avara (अवर).—m., a high number: Mvy 7708, or nt. 7834, in the latter cited from Gv; Gv 105.20, text sattva- varasya, read sattvāvarasya (gen.). In Gv 133.2 the item seems to be omitted (in a list which generally corresponds better to Mvy).

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Āvāra (आवार).—(°-) (m.; rare in Sanskrit except in cpds., compare dur-āvāra, BR), guard, in °ra-nibandhana, nt., imprisonment under guard: Mv i.188.17 (verse) kṛtvāvāranibandhanam, making (i.e. applying to his victims)…(so mss., possibly intending vāra°, but this word is hardly used except at the end of cpds.; āvāra occurs also in Pali; Senart emends to kārā-nib°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avara (अवर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Posterior, hinder, last. 2. Younger. 3. Inferior. n.

(-raṃ) The hind thigh of an elephant. f.

(-rā) A name of Durga. E. a neg. and vara preferable; not the best, or than which nothing is better.

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Avāra (अवार).—n.

(-raṃ) The near bank of a river. E. ava down, to go, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avara (अवर):—mf(ā)n. ([from] 2. ava), below inferior, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) low, mean, unimportant of small value, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) posterior, hinder, later, last, younger, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

4) nearer, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

5) western, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

6) preceding (with [ablative], opposed to para), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

7) Avarā (अवरा):—[from avara] f. ‘after-birth’ See avarāvapatana below

8) [v.s. ...] (= aparā q.v.) the hind quarter of an elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Avara (अवर):—n. ifc. (f(ā). ) the least, the lowest degree, lowest sum (cf. kārṣāpaṇāvara, trirātrāvara, try-avara, daśāvara, saṃvatsarāvara); the hind thigh of an elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Avāra (अवार):—n. ([from] 2. ava, but formed after a-pāra q.v.) [Vedic or Veda] this side, the near bank of a river, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxx, 16; Taittirīya-saṃhitā etc.]

12) Āvāra (आवार):—[=ā-vāra] a etc. See 1. ā-√vṛ.

13) [=ā-vāra] [from ā-vṛ] b m. shelter, defence

14) [v.s. ...] mfn. ifc. enclosing, keeping out.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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