Avara, aka: Āvāra, Āvara; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Avara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Avara (अवर, “the youngest”).—One of the names of the Goddess, Devī, who is regarded as the female principle of the divine; the embodiement of the energies of the Gods.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Avara (अवर, “small”) refers to one of the three sizes of playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) used, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.8-11. This size is stated to be meant for humans (the other size being meant for Gods or kings). The measurement of the jyeṣṭha type playhouse is stated to count 32 hastas (also translated as ‘cubit’; one hasta equals 24 aṅgulas). They can also be measured using the same amount of daṇḍas (one daṇḍa equals 4 hastas).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Āvara, (adj.) (fr. ā + vṛ) obstructing, keeping off from J. V, 325 (so to be read in ariya-magg-âvara). (Page 111)

— or —

Āvāra, (Sk. āvāra, fr. ā + vṛ) warding off, protection, guard J VI 432 (yanta-yutta°, does it mean “cover, shield"?). ‹-› For cpd. khandh’āvāra see khandha. (Page 112)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

avara (अवर).—ad On this or the nearer side. Correl. with tavara.

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avarā (अवरा).—m C A legume, a variety of Phaseolus radiatus. Also called kaḍavā.

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avāra (अवार).—ad (Vulgar.) On this or the nearer side. Correl. with tavāra.

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avāra (अवार).—& avārakhānā See āvāra & āvārakhānā.

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āvara (आवर).—m S āvaraāṭōpa m Contracting or drawing into narrow compass; gathering into a compact form or state; closing or winding up. 2 Control, cohibition, governance, rule. 3 Management, address, ability, skill and despatch at business.

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āvāra (आवार).—n m C (āvāra S) An enclosure; an enclosed space; a compound or yard. 2 Applied sometimes to the enclosing body (fence, hedge, railing, wall, ditch &c.): also to the enclosedness effected. Ex. pāḍōni dēvācēṃ śikhara || ghātalēṃ sabhōṃvatēṃ ā0 ॥

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āvārā (आवारा).—m (āva) Extensive and mighty preparations; an imposing display of measures, materials, arrangements, indicating some vast project. v ghāla. 2 fig. The rising and forming again after bursting (of a boil or tumor). v dhara, ghāla.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āvara (आवर).—m Control; management. Con- tracting.

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āvāra (आवार).—n m An enclosure, a compound.

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āvārā (आवारा).—m Extensive and mighty preparations, an imposing display of measure &c. indicating some vast project.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avara (अवर).—a. [vṛ-bā° ap na. ta]

1) (a) Younger (in years); मासेनावरः (māsenāvaraḥ) = मासावरः (māsāvaraḥ) Sk. (b) Later; Posterior hinder (in time or space); दक्षौ विवस्वानवरः (dakṣau vivasvānavaraḥ) Rām.; पूर्वजे- नावरः पुत्रौ ज्येष्ठो राज्येऽभिषिच्यते (pūrvaje- nāvaraḥ putrau jyeṣṭho rājye'bhiṣicyate) Rām.; यदवरं कौशाम्ब्याः, यदवरमाग्रहायण्याः (yadavaraṃ kauśāmbyāḥ, yadavaramāgrahāyaṇyāḥ) P.III.3.136-7 sk.; रामाद्वर्षेणाधोक्षजोऽवरः (rāmādvarṣeṇādhokṣajo'varaḥ) Bop.

2) Following, succeeding; जरावराः (jarāvarāḥ) (śabdāḥ) Ak., अवरः श्रद्धयोपेतः (avaraḥ śraddhayopetaḥ) Bhāg.4.18.4. चतुरोऽवरान् (caturo'varān) Ms.3.33.

3) Below, under, lower, inferior, less; वर्णावरो भ्राता (varṇāvaro bhrātā) M.1.

4) Mean, unimportant, worst, lowest (opp. uttama); अव्यङ्ग्यमवरं स्मृतम् (avyaṅgyamavaraṃ smṛtam) K. P.1; दूरेण ह्यवरं कर्म बुद्धियोगाद्- धनञ्जय (dūreṇa hyavaraṃ karma buddhiyogād- dhanañjaya) Bg.2.49; श्रद्दधानं शुभां विद्यामाददीतावरादपि (śraddadhānaṃ śubhāṃ vidyāmādadītāvarādapi) Ms. 2.238.

5) Last (opp. prathama); सामान्यमेषां प्रथमावरत्वम् (sāmānyameṣāṃ prathamāvaratvam) Ku. 7.44.

6) Least; usually as the last member of comp. with numerals; त्र्यवरैः साक्षिभिर्भाव्यः (tryavaraiḥ sākṣibhirbhāvyaḥ) Ms.8.6,3.187; 11.8,12.11; त्र्यवरा परिषद् ज्ञेया (tryavarā pariṣad jñeyā) 112; Y.2.69.

7) Western.

8) Nearer, next.

9) Most excellent (atyanta- śreṣṭha).

-raḥ 1 A country behind.

2) Time gone.

-rā 1 A Direction.

2) Name of Durgā.

-ram The hind thigh of an elephant (also ° ).

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Avara (अवर).—1 A. To leave off, cease (only in p. p.)

Derivable forms: avaram (अवरम्).

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Avāra (अवार).—[na vāryate jalena vṛ-karmaṇi ghañ]

1) The near bank of a river; नास्य द्वीपः कुतः पारो नावारः संप्रदृश्यते (nāsya dvīpaḥ kutaḥ pāro nāvāraḥ saṃpradṛśyate) Mb.12.224.21.

2) This side; यो वै संवत्सरस्यावरं पारं च वेद (yo vai saṃvatsarasyāvaraṃ pāraṃ ca veda) Ait. Br. °तस् (tas) ind. to this side; पयो दुहाना व्रतनीरवारतः (payo duhānā vratanīravārataḥ) Rv.1.65.6.

Derivable forms: avāraḥ (अवारः), avāram (अवारम्).

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Āvāra (आवार).—Enclosing, keeping off, as in दुरावार (durāvāra) q. v.

Derivable forms: āvāraḥ (आवारः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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