Kshapana, Kṣapaṇa: 13 definitions


Kshapana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣapaṇa can be transliterated into English as Ksapana or Kshapana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kshapana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण).—(c) a southern kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 56.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण) or Kṣapaṇatva refers to the “destructiveness (for karma)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the destructiveness for karma (karmakṣapaṇatvam) of asceticism (tapasaḥ)]—Having found the path of non-attachment, the more the one who has subdued his senses undergoes asceticism, the more he destroys the karmas which are difficult to conquer. A corporeal [soul] becomes pure like gold immediately karma, whose existence is without a beginning and which is completely consumed by the fire of meditation, is destroyed”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण).—A Bauddha mendicant.

-ṇam 1 Defilement, impurity (aśauca); सब्रह्मचारिण्येकाहमतीते क्षपणं स्मृतम् (sabrahmacāriṇyekāhamatīte kṣapaṇaṃ smṛtam) Manusmṛti 5.71.

2) Destroying, suppressing, expelling.

3) Fasting; चतुर्थभक्तक्षपणं वैश्ये शूद्रे विधीयते (caturthabhaktakṣapaṇaṃ vaiśye śūdre vidhīyate) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.16.13.

4) Abstinence, chastisement of the body.

Derivable forms: kṣapaṇaḥ (क्षपणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण).—m., a member of some heretical (not Buddhist as [Boehtlingk and Roth] state) sect: Mahāvyutpatti 3530. Perh. a Jaina; AMg. has khavaṇa, seemingly applied to Jains; the word is not recorded in Pali.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Shameless, impudent. n.

(-ṇaṃ) Defilement, impurity. E. kṣap to throw away (shame), affix lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण).—i. e. kṣap and 3. kṣi, [Causal.], + ana, I. n. 1. Fasting, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 222. 2. Destroying, Mahābhārata 2. 523. Ii. A Buddhistic mendicant; see bhū. Iii. adj. Destroying, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 7, 32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण).—1. [masculine] a Buddhist or Jaina mendicant; [neuter] penance, abstinence.

--- OR ---

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण).—2. [adjective] destroying; [masculine] destroyer; [neuter] destruction, expulsion, omission (of studies), passing away (the time).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण):—[from kṣap] 1. kṣapaṇa m. ‘fasting’, a religious mendicant, Jaina (or Buddhist) mendicant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Samādhi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

3) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a Buddhist school, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Kṣapaṇā (क्षपणा):—[from kṣapaṇa > kṣap] f. Name of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

5) Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण):—[from kṣap] n. abstinence, chastisement of the body [‘pause, interruption (of study), defilement, impurity’ [commentator or commentary]; cf. 2. kṣapaṇa] [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti iv, 222; v, 71; Mahābhārata xiii, 5145.]

6) [from kṣap] 2. kṣapaṇa mfn. ifc. (cf. akṣa-kṣ) one who destroys, destructive, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva

8) [v.s. ...] n. destroying, diminishing, suppressing, expelling, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] ‘passing (as time), waiting, pause’ = kṣapaṇa1 q.v.

10) a See √1. and √3. kṣap

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Shameless. n. Defilement, impurity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣapaṇa (क्षपण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khamaṇa, Khavaṇa, Khavaṇaya, Khavaṇā, Jhavaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshapana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣapaṇa (ಕ್ಷಪಣ):—

1) [noun] an abstaining from taking food to make the body become weak, with a view to curbing desires.

2) [noun] the act of destroying or rendering very weak.

3) [noun] a Bauddha mendicant.

4) [noun] a Jaina mendicant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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