Shrishaila, Śrīśaila, Shri-shaila: 14 definitions


Shrishaila means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrīśaila can be transliterated into English as Srisaila or Shrishaila, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shrishaila in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल).—Name of a minor mountain (kṣudraparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल) or Mallikārjuna refers to one of twelve Jyotirliṅgas, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.22 while explaining the importance of the partaking of the Naivedya of Śiva. Śrīśaila is located at on a mountain near the river Kṛṣṇā.

2) Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल) is another name for the Mountain Śrīgiri, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Note: Śrīgiri or Śrīśaila is situated in Telangana. Cf. Śaktisaṅgama-tantra III. 7.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल).—A Mt in Bhārata varṣa, sacred to Śiva. Rukmī addressed himself to this god: visited by Balarāma;1 sacred to Lalitāpīṭha;2 sacred to Goddess Mahādevī and the Pitṛs;3 a part of the burning Tripura fell there.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; X. 61. 23[1]; 79. 13.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 98.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 31; 22. 43.
  • 4) Ib. 188. 79.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल).—According to Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta, Madya-lila 9.174-175, “Thus Paramānanda Purī started for Jagannātha Purī, and Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu began walking toward Śrī Śaila. It was in Śrī Śaila that Lord Śiva and his wife Durgā lived in the dress of brāhmaṇas, and when they saw Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, they became very much pleased”.

Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura remarks, "Which Śrī Śaila is being indicated by Kṛṣṇadāsa Kavirāja Gosvāmī is not clearly understood. There is no temple of Mallikārjuna in this area because the Śrī Śaila located in the district of Dhārwād cannot possibly be there. That Śrī Śaila is on the southern side of Belgaumā, and the Śiva temple of Mallikārjuna is located there. (Refer to text fifteen of this chapter.) It is said that on that hill Lord Śiva lived with Devī. Also, Lord Brahmā lived there with all the demigods."

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shrishaila in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल) is another name for the Kaumara mountain (identified with Śrīśaila in Andhra) and refers to one of the ten places visited by the Goddess on her pilgrimage, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, as the Goddess said: “I am (now) going again there to the Kula mountain in India that has been praised by those who know it as Śrīparvata from ages without beginning. (Also) called (mount) Kumāra, it is adorned with an umbrella for shade”.

Like Kailāśa and Meru, Śrīśaila, also known as Śrīparvata, is projected into the End of the Twelve, to crown the sacred body. Śrīśaila is the mountain of Śrī—good fortune, sovereign power, spiritual and material wealth. Śrīśaila is a hill, explains Day: “situated in the Karnal country in the Balaghaut Ceded districts and on the south side of the Kṛṣṇā river, at the north-western extremity of the Karnul territory, about 102 miles west, south-west of Dharanikoṭa and 82 miles east, north-east of Karnul and 50 miles from the Kṛṣṇa station of the G.I.P. Railway.... It is an isolated hill about 1570 feet high surrounded on three sides by the river Kṛṣṇā and on the fourth partly by the Bhimanakollam torrent”.

2) Śrīśaila (कोङ्कणा) is the name of a sacred mountain presided over by the Goddess Barbarā, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.

3) Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल) is associated with letter "Ra" of the Meruprasta (Grid of Meru), according to the Ṭīkā (commentary) on the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, [while describing the process to extract Navātman from the grid of Meru]: “Now one should extract (Navātman) again from the grid of Meru. [...] The one beginning with ŚRĪ is Śrīśaila (the letter) Ra. [...] Thus (we get) SAHAKṢAMALAVARAYA-ŪṂ. Such is the basic form in the entire tradition (and so) the extraction of Navātman is complete. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shrishaila in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Rājatarala, an 18th-century text dealing with Yoga.—The Rājatarala is a lengthy commentary on the Yogatārāvalī (circa 14th c.) that was composed by Rāmasvāmipaṇḍita, who is described as a worshipper of Śaṅkarācārya’s feet. [...] Also, a verse pays homage to a Dakṣiṇāmūrti in the city of Śrīśaila, near Kadalī, which appears to locate the work in Andhra Pradesh (Mahadevan 2018, 68).

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल) refers to the “Śrī Śaila mountain”, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind state: “'[Practising] in caves on the peak of Śrī Śaila [mountain], when will I succeed in dissolving my mind as prescribed [earlier and attain success] in Samādhi? When vines cover my body and when birds build nests in my ear”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shrishaila in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल) is another name for Hanuman, the son of Añjanā and Pavana (son of Vidyādhara-king Prahlāda), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] Since he had come to the city Hanuruha as soon as he was born, the uncle gave the name Hanumat (Hanuman) to her son. And because the mountain had been reduced to powder by his fall from the car, he gave him another name also, Śrīśaila. Hanumat grew up, playing happily, like a young rājahaṃsa in a bed of lotuses in Mānasa”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Epigraphia Indica Vol. 36: Tenali plates of eastern Chālukya Vijayāditya I grant

Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल) is one of the three shrines (liṅga) associated with Triliṅga: an ancient Sanskrit name of the Andhra country, accoriding to verses on the Annavarappāḍu plates of Kāṭaya Vema Reḍḍi. The Reḍḍis (Reddy) were an ancient Telugu dynasty from the 14th century who brought about a golden age of the Andhra country. According to the plates, their captial was named Addaṅki (Addaṃki) which resembled Heaven (Amarāvatī) by the beauty of its horses, the donors and the women. King Vema, son of Anna-bhūpati of the Paṇṭa family, can be identified with Anavema of the inscription at Śrīśaila.

Source: Institut Français de Pondichéry: The Shaivite legends of Kanchipuram

Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल) (in Sanskrit) refers to the Tamil Tiruccayilam, and represents one of the proper nouns mentioned in the Kanchipuranam, which narrates the Shaivite Legends of Kanchipuram—an ancient and sacred district in Tamil Nadu (India). The Kanchipuranam (mentioning Śrīśaila) reminds us that Kanchipuram represents an important seat of Hinduism where Vaishnavism and Shaivism have co-existed since ancient times.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrishaila in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल).—[masculine] [Name] of [several] mountains.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śrīśaila (श्रीशैल):—[=śrī-śaila] [from śrī] m. Name of various mountains, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] (with sūri) Name of an author

[Sanskrit to German]

Shrishaila in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrishaila in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śrīśaila (ಶ್ರೀಶೈಲ):—

1) [noun] name of a famous mountain in Andhra Pradesh, on top of which is the celebrated temple of Mallikārjuna, popularly known as Śrī Śaila.

2) [noun] the hill of Tirupati on which the temple of Veṃkaṭēśa is situated.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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