Gauri, aka: Gaurī; 15 Definition(s)
Gauri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
1) Gaurī (गौरी, “Shining One”):—One of the female offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.
2) Gaurī (गौरी):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
ॐ गौर्यै नमः
oṃ gauryai namaḥ.
3) Gauri (गौरि, “the fair one”).—One of the names of the Goddess, Devī, who is regarded as the female principle of the divine; the embodiement of the energies of the Gods.(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Gaurī (गौरी) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Gauri (गौरि).—One of the seven major rivers situated in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. It is also known by the name Puṣpavahā. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.
The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Gaurī (गौरी).—See Pārvatī.
2) Gaurī (गौरी).—A female attendant (Devī) of Pārvatī. (Vana Parva, Chapter 231, Verse 48).
3) Gaurī (गौरी).—Wife of Varuṇa. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 117, Verse 9).
4) Gaurī (गौरी).—An Indian river. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 25).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Gaurī (गौरी) is the name of a Goddess that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—These Goddesses (eg., Gaurī) form the shining galaxy of female deities worshipped by the people of Kaśmīra.(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 53. 25; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 38; 106. 58; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 32. 12.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 58.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 29; 60. 17; 155. 30; 193. 24; 269. 54-5; 285. 7.
1b) A daughter of Antinara; the wife of Yuvanāśva; cursed by her husband, became the river Bāhudā; mother of Gaurika Māndhātṛ.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 67; Matsya-purāṇa 49. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 65-6.
1d) A daughter of Raṇti and mother of Māndhāta.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 130.
1e) A river in Krauñcadvīpa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 75; Matsya-purāṇa 122. 88; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 69; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 55.
2) Gauri (गौरि).—Good to marry; for a son of such marriage would purify twenty-one generations of his and six on his mother's side.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 83. 12, 44.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Gaurī (गौरी) refers to “the brilliant one” and is the presiding deity of gītaka (‘melodious’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Gītaka represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.
Gaurī is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).(Source): Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Gaurī (गौरी) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is another name of Pārvati. She is wife of Lord Śiva and daughter of Himālaya, who also gave birth to Sāhitya-vidyā-vadhū.(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Gaurī (गौरी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Pramudita-vadanā in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
2) Gaurī (गौरी) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the gaurī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Gauri (गौरि, “the fair one”):—Another name for Vāruṇī, the elder of two wifes of Varuṇa, who is the presiding deity of the invisible world and represents the inner reality of things. Vāruṇī is known as the Goddess of liquor. She is also known as Gauri.(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Gaurī (गौरी): Gaurī or Dākshāyani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity; she is worshipped particularly by ladies to seek the long life of their husbands. An aspect of Devi, Dākshāyani is the consort of Shiva.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
gaurī (गौरी).—f (S) A name of pārvatī. 2 A girl prior to menstruation, a maid. 3 An unmarried girl of ten years of age. 4 The vigils and festivities in bhādrapadaśuklapakṣa in honor of pārvatī. v jāgava.
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gaurī (गौरी).—f (Properly gōvarī) A bit of dry cowdung. 2 A cake or pat of cowdung. 3 Crumbled cowdung.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gaurī (गौरी).—f A name of pārvatī. A maid. A cake of cow-dung.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Gaurī (गौरी).—1 Name of Pārvatī; as in गौरीनाथ (gaurīnātha).
2) A young girl eight years old; अष्टवर्षा भवेद्गौरी (aṣṭavarṣā bhavedgaurī).
3) A young girl prior to menstruation, virgin, maid; स्त्रीणां सहस्रं गौरीणाम् (strīṇāṃ sahasraṃ gaurīṇām) Mb.1.221.49.
4) A woman with a white or yellowish complexion.
5) The earth; गौर्यां गच्छति सुश्रोणि लोकेष्वेषा गतिः सदा (gauryāṃ gacchati suśroṇi lokeṣveṣā gatiḥ sadā) Mb.13.146.1.
7) A yellow pigment or dye; (called gorocanā).
8) The wife of Varuṇa; वरुणस्य तथा गौरी (varuṇasya tathā gaurī) Mb.13.146.5.
9) The Mallikā creeper.
1) The Tulasī plant
11) The Manjishṭhā plant.
13) Name of a Nāgakanyā. cf. ...... गौरी तु नागकन्योमयोर्मता (gaurī tu nāgakanyomayormatā) Nm.
14) Name of a river; L. D. B.
15) Night; L. D. B.
16) Name of a Rāgiṇi.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Gaurīśikhara (गौरीशिखर).—A sacred place on the Himālayas. A bath in Sthānakuṇḍa here brings the...
Gauripuja refers to one of the festivals of the Nambutiris.—In the month of Vrischigam. This is...
Gaurītīrtha (गौरीतीर्थ) is the name of a sacred lake (tīrtha) situated in Śobhāvatī, as mention...
Gaurīnātha (गौरीनाथ).—an epithet of Śiva. Derivable forms: gaurīnāthaḥ (गौरीनाथः).Gaurīnātha is...
Guṇagaurī (गुणगौरी).—a woman chaste by virtuous conduct; अनृतगिरं गुणगौरि मा कृथा माम् (anṛtagi...
Gaurīpaṭṭa (गौरीपट्ट).—the horizontal plate of the Linga of Śiva. Derivable forms: gaurīpaṭṭaḥ ...
haḷavī gaurī (हळवी गौरी).—a Epithet of a species of the grain nācaṇī.
|Garavi Sheta Gauri|
garavī śēta gaurī (गरवी शेत गौरी).—a Epithet of a species of the grain nācaṇī.
Gaurīputra (गौरीपुत्र).—Name of Kārtikeya. Derivable forms: gaurīputraḥ (गौरीपुत्रः).Gaurīputra...
Gaurīguru (गौरीगुरु).—the Himālaya mountain; गौरीगुरोर्गह्वरमाविवेश (gaurīgurorgahvaramāviveśa)...
Gaurīsahita (गौरीसहित) or Gaurīsahitamūrti refers to one of the ten forms (mūrti) of Śiva menti...
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Gaurīcaturthī (गौरीचतुर्थी).—the 4th day of the bright half of माघ (māgha); a festival on this ...
Gaurīja (गौरीज).—Name of Kārtikeya. -jam talc. Derivable forms: gaurījaḥ (गौरीजः).Gaurīja is a ...
Search found 40 books and stories containing Gauri or Gaurī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.2.89-90 < [Chapter 2 - Divya: In Heaven]
Verse 2.3.116 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana: Worship]
Verse 1.3.84 < [Chapter 3 - Prapancatita: Beyond the Material World]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Kidnapping of Uṣā < [Chapter VIII - The episode of Sāgaracandra]
Part 6: Marriage with Gaurī < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
Part 17: Kanakamālā and Pradyumna < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter CLXXXI - Brahma-gita continued < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter LXXV - On mancipation and emancipation < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]
Chapter XVIII - Manners of the matrika goddesses < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)