Ahamkara, Ahaṅkāra, Ahaṃkāra, Ahankara, Aham-kara: 29 definitions
Ahamkara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Ahankar.
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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: bhagavadgitausa.com: Kashmir Saivism
Ahamkara: Buddhi generates Ahamkara (the I-doer) or ego, which has the sense of possessiveness. Ahamkara determines whether an object is his or not. Its dominant quality is Rajas.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार, “ego”):—In Hindu iconology, Kālī (‘goddess of time’) holds a
severed head in one of her hands. The head represents the ego (the notion of individuality). The severed head reminds all living beings that there is no escape from time (which is represented as Kālī).
1) Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) refers to “pride”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the God (i.e., Bhairava) said to the Goddess (i.e., Khageśī), “[...] I will give up all that is forbidden in the Kaula (teachings), especially what is excluded from the teaching and I will practice in tranquillity (nirvāṇa). My greed, passion, and delusion have been destroyed today in every way. The triple world is pervaded by pride (ahaṃkāra) and ego (mamakāra). I will give up deceit and especially lust and anger. Tradition and virtue (vinaya)—this Kaula (teaching) has emerged today. I will observe all that. O Kaulinī, be gracious!”.
2) Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) refers to “one’s ego”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “(A true practitioner) is a hero (vīra) who exerts himself and is courageous. [...] He is always content and is loved by the Yoginīs. He is free of attachment, aversion and ego [i.e., ahaṃkāra-vivarjita]. He is loved by his (spiritual) clan (svagotra). He is wise and he observes the Rules. He is the joy of those who are devoted to him and always does what he promises to do. He who has these characteristics is an accomplished soul (siddha) (already) in his previous life. Otherwise he is not a Siddha and his tradition is not Kaula”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “individuality, ego”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called ahaṃkartavya (that which is done by the self) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is rudra. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the ego (ahaṃkāra), in ahaṃkartavya, in rudra, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) refers to the “cosmic ego”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.6, while explaining and enumerating the principles (tattvas):—“from Prakṛti came into being the Mahat (cosmic Intellect), from Mahat the three Guṇas. Ahaṃkāra (the cosmic ego) arose therefrom in three forms according to the three Guṇas”.
Note: The Ego (Ahaṃkāra) is threefold according to the qualities of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. In the present enumeration it is counted as one.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Ahaṅkāra (अहङ्कार).—One of the tatvas; description of.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 103. 38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 2, 36-46.
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) is three-fold (viz., vaikārika, taijasa and bhūtādi/tāmasa), originating from mahat, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—[...] The pradhāna covers the mahat just as a seed is covered by the skin. Being so covered there spring from the three fold mahat the threefold ahaṃkāra called vaikārika, taijasa and bhūtādi or tāmasa.
Mahat, Ahaṃkāra and the five Tanmātras are in themselves unable to produce the orderly universe which is effected through the superintendence of the Puruṣa (puruṣā dhiṣṭhitatvācca) and by the help of Avyakta (avyaktānugraheṇa). As the universe grows up, they form into an egg which gradually expands from within like a water-bubble, and this is called the materialistic body of the Lord.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Ahaṅkāra (अहङ्कार) refers to:—False ego. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Ahaṅkāra (अहङ्कार):—[ahaṅkāraḥ] The material principle of egoity or existance having three inherent properties of sattva, raja and tama; one of the principles of the evolution as per classical indian philosophy
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Ahamkara (अहंकार): A Sanskrit term that refers to the ego of one's self, the identification of one's own ego.Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia
Ahaṅkāra literally means ‘egoism’. Ahaṅkāra is that which produces abhimāna, the sense of I and ‘mine.’ According to Sāṅkhyan metaphysics, a large part of which is accepted by Vedānta, ahaṅkāra is the principle of individuation that arises after mahat or buddhi in the process of evolution from prakṛti (nature). It is regarded as a substance since it is the material cause of other substances like the mind or the sense-organs. Through its action the different puruṣas (individual selves) become endowed each with a separate mental background. These puruṣas identify themselves with the acts of prakṛti through ahaṅkāra.
At the individual level it makes the puruṣa feel that he receives the sensations through the senses and the mind, and decides about appropriate action, through the intellect. At the cosmic level, the five senses of cognition (jñānendriyas), the five organs of action (karmendriyas), the mind (manas) and the five subtle elements like the earth (tanmātras) are produced out of ahaṅkāra.
In some works of Vedānta, ahaṅkāra is considered as a function of antahkaraṇa (internal instrument or mind), responsible for ego-sense and possessiveness.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) refers to the “identity” of the Bodhi mind (bodhicitta), according to Vajrayāna or Tantric Buddhism.—In the realisation of the deity, there are thus three elements, the worshipper, the deity and their connection or identity. These are named in the Tantric works as the Bodhicitta, the Mantrapuruṣa (Mantra body) and the Ahaṃkāra (identity). The worshipper is called the Bodhisattva (Bodhi essence), and, his mind is known as the Bodhicitta (Will to Enlightenment). [...]
Ahaṃkāra refers to the identity of the relation between the caller and the calling deity.—When the Mantra becomes powerful the vibrations let loose by the Bodhi-mind (boddhicitta) react on the universal Śūnya which explodes in consequence in the divine form of the deity and appears before his mind sky. According as the calling signal is different in different cases the deity becomes different, and thus its number increases. [...] The relation between the caller and the calling deity is one of identification. It is called Ahaṃkāra or the identity of the Bodhi mind (bodhicitta) with the deity, the manifestation of Śūnya or the ultimate reality, The identity is established with the Mantra “I am the goddess and the goddess is in me”. The worshipper should conceive himself as the deity with the same complexion, form and limbs as described in the Sādhana and should, instead of worshipping any external object, worship himself.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) refers to the “conception of self”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[Tolerance (kṣānti), examples]—As for patience, when thinking ‘I have patience with those abusing me’, is concerned with the conception of mine, but it is not the patience similar to open space; when thinking ‘these abuses are to be endured by me’, this is the conception of self (ahaṃkāra), but it is not the patience like open space; when thinking ‘I am not quarrelsome,’ this is the patience of sound and voice, but it is not the patience like open space; [...]”.Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) refers to “(self-) conceit”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Now there lived a Brahmin called Viṣṇudatta in Navanagara. [...] In the crop-growing season he experienced a lack of water. With words of self-conceit (ahaṃkāra-śabda), [possessing] approval [to use] mantrapadas he said, ‘I am going to send forth rain showers and summon Nāgas’. He sacrificed the prescribed fire oblation with sesame seed, rice grain and mustard seed anointed with pungent oil. He prepared an image-form of a certain harmful Nāga. [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
ahaṃkāra : (m.) egotism; arrogance.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Ahaṃkāra refers to: selfishness, egotism, arrogance (see also mamaṃkāra) M.III, 18, 32; S.II, 253; III, 80, 136, 169 sq.; IV, 41, 197, 202; A.I, 132 sq.; III, 444; Ud.70; Nett 127, and frequent passim. (Page 91)
Note: ahaṃkāra is a Pali compound consisting of the words ahaṃ and kāra.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ahaṅkāra (अहंकार).—m (S) Pride, haughtiness, conceit. 2 Conscious feeling or regard; apprehension of self as an existence distinct from the Deity or from the World without; assertion or assurance of personality.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ahaṅkāra (अहंकार).—m Pride; conscious feeling; conceit; assertion of personality.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) 1. Pride. 2. Individuality, sense of self. 3. One of the elements of creation, consciousness, individualization. E. aham 1, and kāra what makes; thinking highly of one’s self.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार).—i. e. aham-kāra, m. 1. Conceiving objects with the notion that they refer to one’s own self, egotism, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार).—[masculine] sense of self, egoism, pride, arrogance; poss. rin.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार):—[=ahaṃ-kāra] [from ahaṃ > aham] m. conception of one’s individuality, self-consciousness, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] the making of self, thinking of self, egotism, [Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] pride, haughtiness, [Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] (in Sāṅkhya [philosophy]) the third of the eight producers or sources of creation, viz. the conceit or conception of individuality, individualizationSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ahaṅkāra (अहङ्कार):—[aha-ṅkāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Pride.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ahaṃkāra.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) [Also spelled ahankar]:—(nm) vanity; egotism; vainglory; ~[rī] egotist, vainglorious.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ahaṃkāra.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the quality or tendency of showing great pride in oneself and disdain, contempt or scorn for others; haughtiness; disdainful pride.
2) [noun] (phil.) the third of the eight producers or elements of creation, i.e. the conceit or conception of individuality, one of the 25 elements.
3) [noun] the sense of the self.
4) [noun] ಅಹಂಕಾರಕ್ಕೆ ಉದಾಸೀನವೇ ಮದ್ದು [ahamkarakke udasinave maddu] ahaŋkārakke udāsīnavē maddu (prov.) ignore the arrogant; for mad words, deaf ears; away goes the devil when doors shut against him.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Ahamkarabhava, Ahamkaragarima, Ahamkarakaya, Ahamkarana, Ahamkarashabda, Ahamkaratana, Ahamkaravamta, Ahamkaravamte, Ahamkaravant, Ahamkaravat, Ahamkaravishuddhi, Ahankarakarshini, Ahankaratattva.
Full-text (+118): Ahamkarika, Bhutadi, Bhutadika, Vikarya, Ahankaratattva, Ahankriti, Nirahamkara, Sahankara, Ahamkartavya, Ahamkarya, Ahamkaravat, Antarindriya, Avedya, Karanakhya, Anahankara, Mamankara, Abhimana, Ahamkarana, Kapala, Mahattattva.
Search found 106 books and stories containing Ahamkara, Ahaṅkāra, Ahaṃkāra, Ahankara, Aham-kara, Ahaṃ-kāra, Aha-nkara, Aha-ṅkāra; (plurals include: Ahamkaras, Ahaṅkāras, Ahaṃkāras, Ahankaras, karas, kāras, nkaras, ṅkāras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Laghu-yoga-vasistha (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
Part 3 - The Story of Bhīma, Bhāsa and Dṛḍha < [Chapter IV - Sthiti-prakaraṇa]
Part 10 - The Story of Kaca < [Chapter VI - Nirvāṇa-prakaraṇa]
Part 11 - The Story of Mithyā-Puruṣa or the Illusory Personage < [Chapter VI - Nirvāṇa-prakaraṇa]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 3.8.12 < [Chapter 8 - The Opulences of Śrī Girirāja]
Verse 8.13.13 < [Chapter 13 - A Thousand Names of Lord Balarāma]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 16.18 < [Chapter 16 - Daivāsura-sampada-yoga]
Verses 18.51-53 < [Chapter 18 - Mokṣa-yoga (the Yoga of Liberation)]
Verse 7.4 < [Chapter 7 - Vijñāna-Yoga (Yoga through Realization of Transcendental Knowledge)]
Vaisheshika-sutra with Commentary (by Nandalal Sinha)
Sūtra 3.2.15 (Another objection) < [Chapter 2 - Of the Inference of Soul and Mind]
Sūtra 4.2.8 (Proof of their existence) < [Chapter 2 - Of Tangible Atomic Products]
Sūtra 3.2.4 (Marks of the existence of the Soul) < [Chapter 2 - Of the Inference of Soul and Mind]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 13 - Mahat and Ahaṃkāra < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Part 11 - Locus and Object of Ajñāna, Ahaṃkāra, and Antaḥkaraṇa < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
Part 5 - Sāṃkhya kārikā, Sāṃkhya sūtra, Vācaspati Miśra and Vijñāna Bhiksu < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Brahma Sutras (Ramanuja) (by George Thibaut)
The view that the conscious subject is something unreal, due to the ahamkara, cannot be maintained < [First Adhyaya, First Pada]
The conscious subject persists in the state of release < [First Adhyaya, First Pada]
Sutra 2.3.9 < [Second Adyaya, Third Pada]