Cyavana, aka: Cyavāna, Cyāvana; 11 Definition(s)
Cyavana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chyavana.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Cyavana (च्यवन) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
1) Cyavana (च्यवन):—One of the four sons of Mitrāyu (son of Divodāsa, the male counterpart of the twin children of Mudgala). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.1)
2) Cyavana (च्यवन):—Son of Suhotra (son of Sudhanu). He had a son named Kṛtī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.4-5)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Cyavana (च्यवन).—A celebrated sage of the Bhārgava dynasty. Genealogy. Descending in order from Brahmā—Bhṛgu—Cyavana. (See full article at Story of Cyavana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1b) A son of Śukra and Paulomi;1 when he was engaged in tapas he was covered by an anthill. His eyes were seen through two holes therein. Once Sukanyā who came there with her father saw two luminous objects in the anthill and pierced them with a thorn. This resulted in blood flowing from the eyes. The king asked the sage's pardon and offered his daughter in marriage to him. Having married a princess, the sage requested Aśvins who were on a visit to him, to make him a youth. They advised him to bathe in a siddha lake nearby. He thus found himself thoroughly changed. With him Sukanyā enjoyed life. Her father came there some time after and was not aware of the change in the sage's form. He took him to be a paramour and scolded his daughter. When he came to know the fact he was much pleased. In the yajña performed Cyavana offered soma to Aśvins who were so far denied a share, being physicians. Indra resented this and wanted to kill Cyavana. But the latter's act was accepted by all as a precedent.2 Father of Āpravānam and Dadhica.3
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 2, 23.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 3. 2-26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 98; III. 8. 31; 21-36; 61. 2.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 93.
1c) The son of Mitreyu and father of Sudāsa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 1. Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 207. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 70-71.
1d) The son of Suhotra the righteous and father of Kṛtin (Kṛtaka, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 217; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 79.
1e) A Rākṣasa residing in the third tala (Vitalam, Vāyu-purāṇa).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 27.
1f) A Ṛṣi and mantrakṛt, cursed that the hundred sons of Kṛtavīrya would meet with death.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 68. 9; 145. 92 and 99.
1g) A son of Bhṛgu; a gotrakara, and a Pravara.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 15 and 28, 29.
1h) A son of Sudhanvan.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 24.
1i) A son of Gokarṇa, an avatār of the 16th dvāpara.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 173.
1j) The father of Sumedhas.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 26.
1k) A son of Devāpi.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 237.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Cyavana (च्यवन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.40) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Cyavana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
A great sage and also son of Bhrigu.Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Chyavana was a great sage, the son of sage Bhrigu (The story of his birth is told in here.) He was also known as Aurva. He performed a penance for many centuries. So long did that penance last, that an anthill had grown around him. Sukanya, the daughter of the local King, was playing in this forest. She was curious to see two lighted embers in an anthill and poked both of them with a stick. Those "lighted embers" turned out to be the sage's eyes. He became blind. When the King came to know of this crime, he had to make reparations. Sukanya had to marry the old sage, and keep him company.Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Chyavana (च्यवन): A great rishi, husband of beautiful wife Sukanyā whom Ashvins beheld at her bathSource: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
cyavana (च्यवन).—n S Slipping from; falling or parting from. 2 Trickling or oozing.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
cyavana (च्यवन).—n Slipping from. Oozing.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 82 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Duścyavana (दुश्च्यवन).—an epithet of Indra; अत्तुं महेन्द्रियं भागमेति दुश्च्यवनोऽधुना (attuṃ ...
Cyavanāśrama (च्यवनाश्रम).—A sacred place. Aṃbā, daughter of Kāśirāja, used to bathe in a pond ...
Indra (इन्द्र) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as m...
Madya (मद्य) refers to “wine”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as me...
Sāgara (सागर) refers to one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to the Matsyendrasaṃhi...
sukāṇyā (सुकाण्या).—m A helmsman. Fig. A leader
1) Mada (मद).—An Asura. This demon came out of the sacrificial fire of Cyavana to kill Indra. (...
1) Śaryāti (शर्याति).—A son of Vaivasvata Manu. General. Ikṣvāku, Nābhāga, Dhṛṣṭa, Śaryāti, Nar...
1) Kāśyapa (काश्यप) is the name of a Buddha whose “assistant” (upasthāyaka) was named Sarvamitr...
Matsya (मत्स्य) refers to one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country)...
Gokarṇa (गोकर्ण) is the name of a city mentioned in the “story of Śrutasena”, according to the ...
Paraśurāma (परशुराम) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvar...
Kapa (कप).—1) Name of वरुण (varuṇa).2) A class of demons; च्यवनेनं हृता भूमिः कपैश्चैव दिनं प्र...
Vasu (वसु) refer to good or bright Gods, they are: Apa: containing water, Dhruva: poles...
Tīrtha (तीर्थ).—A holy place. Even from very ancient times the people of Bhārata believed in th...
Search found 17 books and stories containing Cyavana, Cyavāna or Cyāvana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 3 - The Marriage of Sukanya and Cyavana Muni < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 22 - The Descendants of Ajamidha < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 15 - The Saints Narada and Angira Instruct King Citraketu < [Canto VI - Prescribed Duties for Mankind]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
The Ganesha Purana (abridged) (by Gregory Baily)
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa IV, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 5 < [Fourth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa I, adhyāya 4, brāhmaṇa 2 < [First Kāṇḍa]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 21 - The Dialogue between Aurva and Paraśurāma < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 61 - A dissertation on Music < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 25 - Paraśurāma protects a boy from a tiger < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra (by Pāraskara)