Cyavana, aka: Cyavāna, Cyāvana; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Cyavana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chyavana.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Cyavana in Natyashastra glossaries]

Cyavana (च्यवन) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

[Cyavana in Purana glossaries]

1) Cyavana (च्यवन):—One of the four sons of Mitrāyu (son of Divodāsa, the male counterpart of the twin children of Mudgala). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.1)

2) Cyavana (च्यवन):—Son of Suhotra (son of Sudhanu). He had a son named Kṛtī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.4-5)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Cyavana (च्यवन).—A celebrated sage of the Bhārgava dynasty. Genealogy. Descending in order from Brahmā—Bhṛgu—Cyavana. (See full article at Story of Cyavana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Cyavana (च्यवन).—A sage1 who was invited for Yudhiṣṭhira's Rājasūya.2 Came to see Kṛṣṇa at Syamantapañcaka.3 Went with him to Mithilā.4 Came to see Parīkṣit practising prāyopaveśa.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15. 14.
  • 2) Ib. X. 74. 7.
  • 3) Ib. 84. 3.
  • 4) Ib. 86. 18.
  • 5) Ib. I. 19. 9.

1b) A son of Śukra and Paulomi;1 when he was engaged in tapas he was covered by an anthill. His eyes were seen through two holes therein. Once Sukanyā who came there with her father saw two luminous objects in the anthill and pierced them with a thorn. This resulted in blood flowing from the eyes. The king asked the sage's pardon and offered his daughter in marriage to him. Having married a princess, the sage requested Aśvins who were on a visit to him, to make him a youth. They advised him to bathe in a siddha lake nearby. He thus found himself thoroughly changed. With him Sukanyā enjoyed life. Her father came there some time after and was not aware of the change in the sage's form. He took him to be a paramour and scolded his daughter. When he came to know the fact he was much pleased. In the yajña performed Cyavana offered soma to Aśvins who were so far denied a share, being physicians. Indra resented this and wanted to kill Cyavana. But the latter's act was accepted by all as a precedent.2 Father of Āpravānam and Dadhica.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 2, 23.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 3. 2-26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 98; III. 8. 31; 21-36; 61. 2.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 93.

1c) The son of Mitreyu and father of Sudāsa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 1. Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 207. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 70-71.

1d) The son of Suhotra the righteous and father of Kṛtin (Kṛtaka, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 217; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 79.

1e) A Rākṣasa residing in the third tala (Vitalam, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 27.

1f) A Ṛṣi and mantrakṛt, cursed that the hundred sons of Kṛtavīrya would meet with death.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 68. 9; 145. 92 and 99.

1g) A son of Bhṛgu; a gotrakara, and a Pravara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 15 and 28, 29.

1h) A son of Sudhanvan.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 24.

1i) A son of Gokarṇa, an avatār of the 16th dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 173.

1j) The father of Sumedhas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 26.

1k) A son of Devāpi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 237.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Cyavana in Itihasa glossaries]

Cyavana (च्यवन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.40) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Cyavana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Cyavana in Hinduism glossaries]

A great sage and also son of Bhrigu.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Chyavana was a great sage, the son of sage Bhrigu (The story of his birth is told in here.) He was also known as Aurva. He performed a penance for many centuries. So long did that penance last, that an anthill had grown around him. Sukanya, the daughter of the local King, was playing in this forest. She was curious to see two lighted embers in an anthill and poked both of them with a stick. Those "lighted embers" turned out to be the sage's eyes. He became blind. When the King came to know of this crime, he had to make reparations. Sukanya had to marry the old sage, and keep him company.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Chyavana (च्‍यवन): A great rishi, husband of beautiful wife Sukanyā whom Ashvins beheld at her bath

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Cyavana in Marathi glossaries]

cyavana (च्यवन).—n S Slipping from; falling or parting from. 2 Trickling or oozing.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cyavana (च्यवन).—n Slipping from. Oozing.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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