Pratishthita, Pratiṣṭhita: 19 definitions


Pratishthita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pratiṣṭhita can be transliterated into English as Pratisthita or Pratishthita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratishthit.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित) or Pratiṣṭhitaliṅga refers to a type of liṅga (phallic emblem of Śiva), as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.18. Accordingly, “[...] if the image is installed with pure mind in a pure altar either by the Gods or the sages for the realisation of the soul, it is called Pauruṣa and it comes under the category of the installed phallic image of Śiva. By a regular worship of this phallic image, the devotee will obtain all Pauruṣa Aiśvaryas (human riches). If great Brahmins or rich kings install a liṅga prepared by the artisans, it is called Pratiṣṭhita and Prākṛta. It accords enjoyment of Prākṛta Aiśvarya (Natural riches) to the worshipper”.

According to chapter 16: “the syllable Om (a + u + m) is dhvani-liṅga. The svayambhū-liṅga is Nāda-liṅga; the Yantra (diagrammatic contrivance) is binduliṅga. “M” syllable is the installed pratiṣṭhita-liṅga. “U” syllable is mobile cara-liṅga and the “A” syllable is a liṅga of huge form guruvigraha. A person who worships the liṅgas perpetually becomes liberated soul undoubtedly”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित) refers to “one who is well-established”, according to the Kulapañcāśikā, an unpublished text attributed to Matsyendranātha teaching secrecy.—Accordingly, “O Hara, why is it that those people who are great heroes devoted to worship and meditation, greedy to drink (the sacrificial) blood—who, well established [i.e., pratiṣṭhita], carry swords and are devoted, O god, to wandering at night in cremation ground(s)—do not always attain union with the Yoginīs?”.—Note: The Kulapañcāśikā is quoted by Kṣemarāja in his commentary on the Netratantra 8.28 (= Kulapañcāśikā 3.7-8) and on Śivasūtra 3.26 (= Kulapañcāśikā 3.19).

2) Pratiṣṭhitā (प्रतिष्ठिता) refers to the “installation” (of the Goddesses), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “One should worship them [i.e., the Goddesses of the seats] at each door (of the quarters). If they are worshipped they bestow accomplishments. If they are not worshipped they give rise to obstacles. They should be worshipped in the village, town, primary sacred seat, (sacred) field, crossroad, and places of accomplishment. They certainly destroy obstacles. Worshipped and installed [i.e., pratiṣṭhitā] they give extensive accomplishment. One should worship the eight goddesses accompanied by the guardians of the field [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित) refers to the “installation (of the universe in the Liṅga)”, according to the 9th-century Sarvajñānottaratantra chapter 18.—Accordingly, “Next, I shall teach the best observance among observances, which is known as the Śiva-vrata and which is revered by Asuras and Gods alike. [...] Next, I shall teach the characteristics of a temple of Śiva, as well as [how to perform] the installation of the Liṅga, in which the universe is [itself] ‘installed’ (pratiṣṭhitayasmin sarvaṃ pratiṣṭhitam). All the gods, beginning with Brahmā, reside in the liṅga; therefore a Yogin who venerates his guru, God and the fire and who has performed his vidyāvrata should install the liṅga, following the procedure taught in scripture. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित) refers to “being dependent upon”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Now, I will teach knowledge for the liberation of those people who have conquered their passion. [...] The highest reality is defined as that from which all arises, on which all is dependent (pratiṣṭhita) and into which all dissolves.[...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित) refers to “(one who is) established (in the ascertainment of one’s mind)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, having praised the Lord with these verses, addressed himself to the Lord: ‘[...] O Lord, please elucidate this exposition of the dharma to these good men (satpuruṣa) who have a doubt (saṃśaya) in their respective dharmas. May the Blessed Tathāgata please cut off their all doubts (saṃśaya) and illuminate all qualities of the Buddha (sarva-buddhadharma) since you are established (pratiṣṭhita) in the ascertainment (niścaya) in your mind (buddhi)’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित) refers to “established” (by the gods of gods), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Capable soul, for purification of the mind, you must hold strongly in the mind the reflections which are established (pratiṣṭhita) by the gods of gods (i.e. the Tīrthaṅkaras) in the great scripture of the [Jain] canon”.

Synonyms: Sthāpita.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित).—p & a (S) Treated with honor or respect. 2 Honorable or respectable. 3 Fine, splendid, honorable, commanding honor--articles of apparel &c. 4 Installed, inaugurated, consecrated, established with the due solemnities--a person in office, a new idol. 4 Famed or celebrated. 5 Completed or accomplished. 6 Established or fixed (in life, marriage &c.) 7 Endowed or portioned.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित).—p & a Honourable or respectable. Fine, splendid. Installed. Conse- crated. Famed. Established.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित).—p. p.

1) Set up, erected.

2) Fixed, established; तस्य प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठिता (tasya prajñā pratiṣṭhitā) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.57-58.

3) Placed, situated; अरैः संधार्यते नाभिर्नाभौ चाराः प्रतिष्ठिताः (araiḥ saṃdhāryate nābhirnābhau cārāḥ pratiṣṭhitāḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.81.

4) Installed, inaugurated, consecrated; दिलीपानन्तरं राज्ये तं निशम्य प्रतिष्ठितम् (dilīpānantaraṃ rājye taṃ niśamya pratiṣṭhitam) R.4.2.

5) Completed, effected; प्रति- ष्ठितेऽहनि सन्ध्यामुपसीत (prati- ṣṭhite'hani sandhyāmupasīta) Kau. A.1.19.

6) Prized, valued.

7) Famous, celebrated.

8) Settled, determined.

9) Comprised, included; त्वयि सर्वं प्रतिष्ठितम् (tvayi sarvaṃ pratiṣṭhitam) Rām.7.76.28.

1) Established in life, married.

11) Endowed; प्रति- ष्ठितां द्वादशभिः (prati- ṣṭhitāṃ dvādaśabhiḥ) Rām.6.48.12 (com. pādadvayavartyaṅgulidaśakaṃ dve pādatale ca evaṃ dvādaśabhiḥ).

12) Applied, applicable; पाणि- ग्रहणिका मन्त्राः कन्यास्वेव प्रतिष्ठिताः (pāṇi- grahaṇikā mantrāḥ kanyāsveva pratiṣṭhitāḥ) Manusmṛti 8.226.

13) Conversant with.

14) Secured, got, acquired.

15) Decided, certain; यदि वा मन्यसे राजन् हतमेकं प्रतिष्ठितम् (yadi vā manyase rājan hatamekaṃ pratiṣṭhitam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.32.19.

16) Complete, finished; एवमेषा महाभागा प्रतिष्ठाने प्रतिष्ठिता । तीर्थयात्रा महापुण्या सर्वपापप्रमोचिनी (evameṣā mahābhāgā pratiṣṭhāne pratiṣṭhitā | tīrthayātrā mahāpuṇyā sarvapāpapramocinī) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.85.114.

-taḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu.

2) Tortoise; Gīrvāṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Famous, celebrated. 2. Completed, finished. 3. Consecrated. 4. Endowed, portioned. 5. Established in life, married, &c. 6. Placed, situated. 7. Established, fixed. 8. Applicable or applied to. 9. Comprised or included in, 10. Prized, valued. 11. Secured, acquired. E. pratiṣṭhā as above, itac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित).—[adjective] standing; being or abiding in, founded or resting on ([locative] or —°); established, settled, firm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित):—[=prati-ṣṭhita] mfn. (prati.) standing, stationed, placed, situated in or on ([locative case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] abiding or contained in ([locative case]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] fixed, firm, rooted, founded, resting or dependent on ([locative case] or [compound]), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] established, proved, [Manu-smṛti viii, 164]

5) [v.s. ...] ordained for, applicable to ([locative case]), [ib., 226]

6) [v.s. ...] secure, thriving, well off, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Harivaṃśa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] familiar or conversant with ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] transferred to ([locative case]), [Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] undertaken, [Pañcatantra] ([Bombay edition] anu-ṣṭhita)

10) [v.s. ...] ascended into, having reached ([compound]), [Śakuntalā vii, 4/5] ([varia lectio])

11) [v.s. ...] complete, finished, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) [v.s. ...] consecrated, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] endowed, portioned, [ib.]

14) [v.s. ...] established in life, married, [ib.]

15) [v.s. ...] prized, valued, [ib.]

16) [v.s. ...] famous, celebrated, [ib.]

17) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

18) Prātiṣṭhita (प्रातिष्ठित):—[=prāti-ṣṭhita] [from prāti] [wrong reading] for -svika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित):—[prati-ṣṭhita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) p. Famous; completed; consecrated; fixed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paiṭṭhia, Paiṭṭhiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratishthita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratiṣṭhita (प्रतिष्ठित) [Also spelled pratishthit]:—(a) honourable, respectable; established; installed; consecrated; dignified; enjoying a prestige/status.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthita in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratiṣṭhita (ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಿತ):—

1) [adjective] founded; instituted; brought into being (on a firm or stable basis).

2) [adjective] installed, settled; established.

--- OR ---

Pratiṣṭhita (ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಿತ):—

1) [noun] a man holding an office, official position, etc.

2) [noun] a man of great knowledge; a scholar.

3) [noun] a man of noble birth or rank; a nobleman.

4) [noun] a famous, illustrious, renowned man.

5) [noun] that which is well established, widely accepted or recognised.

6) [noun] a deity that is installed at a place in a ritualistic manner.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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