Tryambaka, Tryaṃbaka, Tri-ambaka, Tryambakā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Tryambaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (T) next»] — Tryambaka in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Agni Purāṇa

Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—One of the Eleven Rudras (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Agni-purāṇa. The Agni Purāṇa is a religious text containing details on Viṣṇu’s different incarnations (avatar), but also deals with various cultural subjects such as Cosmology, Grammar and Astrology.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक).—One of the Ekādaśa Rudras (eleven Rudras). See under Ekādaśarudra).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Tryaṃbaka (त्र्यंबक) refers to one of the eleven names of Rudras, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the worship of the guardians of the quarters, the elephants of the quarters, the serpents, the guardians of dams, the three-eyed Rudra (Tryaṃbaka) and Viṣṇu, the remover of sins, bestows perfect knowledge. [...]”.

Note: Tryaṃbaka is one of the eleven names of Rudras (Matsya-purāṇa 5.29-30) which has been variously interpreted. It represents the various triads on which the entire cosmos is based. It is both the deity of the three eyes or the conscious principles of Jagrat, Svapna and Suṣupti or Sūrya, Candra and Agni and also the son of three Mothers, Ambā, Ambikā. and Ambālikā. These three sisters represent the three fires of the cosmic yajña or the three Mothers who create the three great principles of mind, life and matter. Matsya-purāṇa (‘A Study’ by V. S. Agrawal) PP. 66-67.

2) Tryaṃbaka (त्र्यंबक) refers to the “three-eyed lord” and as an epithet of Śiva is mentioned in the Mahāmṛtyuñjaya-mantra, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.38.—Accordingly, as Śukra related the Mahāmṛtyuñjaya to Dadhīca:—“We worship the three-eyed lord (i.e., tryambaka) Śiva, the lord of the three worlds, the father of the three spheres, the lord of the three guṇas. Lord Śiva is the essence, the fragrance of the three tattvas, three fires, of every thing that is trichotomised, of the three worlds, of the three arms and of the trinity. He is the nourisher. In all living beings, everywhere, in the three guṇas, in the creation, in the sense-organs, in the Devas and Gaṇas, he is the essence as the fragrance in a flower. He is the lord of Devas. [...]”.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tryambaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

1) Tryaṃbaka (त्र्यंबक) or Tryaṃbakaliṅga is the name of a liṅga situated on the mountain Brahmagiri: one of the various Tīrthas (holy places) mentioned in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—As to the origin of the mountain Brahmagiri, the Brahmapurāṇa (74.22-27) states that once when there was no rain coutinuously for twelve years, creation began to perish. At this Brahmā desirous of creation performed a sacrifice on the mountain Devayajana and from that time onwards that holy mountain came to be known as Brahmagiri. According to the Saurapurāṇa on this mountain Brahmagiri, from where the river Godāvarī, the destroyer of all sins, takes its origin, there is Tryaṃbaka-liṅga. Snāna, japa, dāna, yajña at this tīrtha gives eternal reward.

2) Tryaṃbaka (त्र्यंबक) is the deity to be worshipped in the month Bhādrapada for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the Saurapurāṇa.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the Bhādrapada the deity to be worshipped is Tryambaka the food is vilvapatra, result is the same as that of consecration in all sacrifices (sarvadīkṣāphala).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

1) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—Eighth of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. He carries in his right hands the chakra, ḍamaru, mudgara, bāṇa, śūla, aṅkuśa, sarpa and akṣamālā; and in the left ones, the gadā, khaṭvāṅga, pātra, dhanus, tarjanī, ghaṭa, paraśu and paṭṭiśa.

2) Tryambaka (त्र्यंबक):—Last of the twelve emanations of Rudra, according to the Rūpamaṇḍana.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (T) next»] — Tryambaka in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

1) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक, “the one who has three eyes (sun, moon and fire)”):—One of the eleven epithets of Rudra, as adressed to in the second chapter of Śrī-rudram. These names represent his various attributes.

2) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Trisandhi, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (e.g., Tryambaka) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक) is the one of the three mind-born sons of Sage Durvāsas charged with mission of establishing the Śaiva faith, according to a commentary on the Tantrāloka.—As, thus, with the disappearance of the Śāstras the world became engrossed in spiritual darkness, Śiva,—as the Deity is called,–took pity on men and, appearing on the Kailāsa mountain in the form of Śrīkaṇṭha, commanded the Sage Durvāsas to spread in the world the knowledge of these Śāstras again. Durvāsas, thus commanded, created, by the power of his mind, three sons,—Tryambaka, Āmardaka and Śrīnātha by names—whom he charged with the mission of establishing spiritual order and of teaching men again the ancient and eternal Śaiva faith and doctrine in their three aspects of Abheda, Bheda and Bhedābheda–of Unity, Diversity and Diversity-in-unity,—Tryambaka was to teach the first, Āmardaka the second, while Śrīnātha was to have the charge of the last. It is this Abheda or Advaya Śaiva teaching, thus retaught to the world by Tryambaka, which is spoken of as the Trika”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक).—A grammarian of the nineteenth century, who resided at Wai in Satara District and wrote a commentary on the Paribhasendusekhara which is named त्र्यम्बकी (tryambakī) after the writer.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (T) next»] — Tryambaka in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: Hymn to Kāli Karpūrādi-Stotra

According to Tarkālaṃkāra's Commentary on Mahānirvāṇa-Tantra, Tryaṃbaka means the father of the three Devas, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Rudra. The Ṛgvidhāna uses it as an equivalent of Mahādeva. The Mahānirvāṇ-Tantra says:

“As she surveys the entire universe, which is the product of time, with Her three eyes—the Moon, Sun, and Fire—therefore She is endowed with three eyes” (Ullāsa xiii, verse 8).

Ther Moon, Sun, and Fire are the Icchā, Kriyā, Jñāna and other Śaktis (see the Ṣatcakranirūpaṇa of Pūrnānanda-Śvāmī) and Serpent Power by A. Avalon.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (T) next»] — Tryambaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक).—(also triyambaka in the same sense though rarely used in classical literature) 'having three eyes', Name of Śiva.; त्रियम्बकं संयमिनं ददर्श (triyambakaṃ saṃyaminaṃ dadarśa) Ku.3.44; जडीकृतस्त्र्यम्बकवीक्षणेन (jaḍīkṛtastryambakavīkṣaṇena) R.2. 42;3.49. °सखः (sakhaḥ) an epithet of Kubera; कुबेरस्त्र्यम्बकसखः (kuberastryambakasakhaḥ) Ak.

Derivable forms: tryambakaḥ (त्र्यम्बकः).

Tryambaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and ambaka (अम्बक).

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Tryambakā (त्र्यम्बका).—an epithet of Pārvatī

Tryambakā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and ambakā (अम्बका).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A name of Siva. E. tri three, (the three Vedas,) abi to speak or sound, and kan added; or tri may mean the three letters, a, u, ma, combined in the mystical word om .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक).—i. e. tri-ambaka, m. Epithet of Rudra-Śiva, Mahābhārata 2, 403.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Rudra-Śiva, [feminine] † [Epithet] of Pārvatī (lit. the three-eyed).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Ānanda Śarman (Vyaṅgyārthadīpikā). Oudh. Xv, 62.

2) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—Kuladharmapaddhati [tantric] H. 352.

3) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—pupil of Yajñeśa: Gārhasthyadīpikā [dharma] Burnell. 136^a.

4) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—Nāṭakadīpa alaṃk. Poona. 38.

5) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—Strīdharmapaddhati. Burnell. 139^a. Oppert. Ii, 8107.

6) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—son of Kṛṣṇa: Ādhānavidhiprayoga. read K. 4.

7) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—father of Rāmakṛṣṇa (Bhārgavacampū).

8) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—son of Padmanābha, grandson of Śrīdhara: Śrīnivāsakāvya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tryambaka (त्र्यम्बक):—[=try-ambaka] [from try] m. ‘three-eyed’ (originally probably ‘three-mothered’ [from] the threefold expression ambe ambike mbālike, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.; cf. tri-mātṛ and traimātura) Rudra or (later on) Śiva, [Ṛg-veda vii, 59, 12; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. (triy-, [Kapiṣṭhala-saṃhitā viii, 10; Rāmāyaṇa vii; Kumāra-sambhava iii, 44]; cf. [Pāṇini 6-4, 77], [vArttika], [Patañjali])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the 11 Rudras, [Mahābhārata iii; Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa i, 15, 123; Narasiṃha-purāṇa v, 9]

3) [v.s. ...] (= traiy) the cakes sacred to Rudra Try-ambaka, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā iii; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i; Kāṭhaka; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] sg. the ceremony in which those cakes, are offered, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra xiv, 10, 21]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a sacred bathing-place at the source of the Godāvarī (commonly called Trimbak, and renowned for a temple of the three-eyed god Śiva).

6) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a Liṅga, [Śiva-purāṇa i, 38, 19]

7) [v.s. ...] mfn. knowing the 3 Vedas or pervading the 3 worlds, [Tejobindu-upaniṣad 6]

8) Tryambakā (त्र्यम्बका):—[=try-ambakā] [from try-ambaka > try] f. Pārvatī, [DevīP.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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