Vitaraga, Vītarāga, Vita-raga: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Vitaraga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Vītarāga (वीतराग) [=Vītarāgatā?] refers to “(being) free of bias”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.132-133.—Accordingly, “Having explained that only phenomena are real entities because [only they are] established by a means of [valid] knowledge, [and] anticipating by himself the refutation of his own thesis, [Utpaladeva now] expounds [this refutation with the passage beginning with] ‘only …’ by empasizing the purity of his intentions, in order to state that [he] is free of bias (vītarāgatā). [According to him] this ‘could [still] be objected,’ [i.e.] it deserves the [following] objection. Which one? This is what [Utpaladeva says] in ‘[if these objects did not exist] after as well as before [their] being manifest …’”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.71; ApA.i.107.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vītarāga (वीतराग) or Vītarāgabhūmi refers to “ground of the saint freed from the passions or of the Anāgāmin” and represents one of the ten grounds (bhūmi) shared by adepts of the three vehicles according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52.—Vītarāga-bhūmi (ḥdod chags daṅ bral baḥi sa, li yu) is one of the ten grounds shared by adepts of the three Vehicles (sādhāraṇabhūmi). Here, the Śrāvaka abandons all the passions, desire, etc. (rāgadikleśa) of the desire realm (kāmadhātu) and is called Anāgamin.—As for the Bodhisattva, because of his renunciation (vairāgya), he obtains the five superknowledges (abhijñā). [This corresponds to ground proper no. 9, Sudurjayā].

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Vītarāga (वीतराग, “with detachment”) refers to one of the two types of right faith (samyagdarśana).—What is right belief with detachment (vītarāga samyag darśana)? It is concerned with sheer purity of the soul.

Source: University of Cambridge: Jainism

Vītarāga (वीतराग) or Vītarāgastotra of Hemacandra is a Sanskrit poetic hymn in twenty sections dedicated to the beauty and perfection of a Jina. Its author is the 12th century Jaina Śvetāmbara polymath monk Hemacandra, who wrote it for the king of Gujarat Kumārapāla a little after V.S. 1216 = 1159 CE.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vitaraga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vītarāga : (adj.) passionless. (m.) a saint.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vītarāga refers to: passionless Sn. 11, 507, 1071; Pug. 32; Pv. II, 47; Miln. 76, and frequently elsewhere.

Note: vītarāga is a Pali compound consisting of the words vīta and rāga.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vītarāga (वीतराग).—a S corruptly vītarāgī a (vīta Gone, rāga Desire.) Whose worldly affections and passions are subdued or mortified. 2 That is become averse or indifferent to.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vītarāga (वीतराग).—a.

1) free from desire.

2) free from passion, calm, tranquil.

3) colourless. (-gaḥ) 1 a sage who has subdued his passions; विशन्ति यद्यतयो वीतरागाः (viśanti yadyatayo vītarāgāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 8.11.

2) a deified Jaina saint.

Vītarāga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vīta and rāga (राग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vītarāga (वीतराग).—mfn.

(-gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) 1. Exempt from passions or affections. 2. Bleached, colourless. m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Any sage with subdued passions. 2. A Baud'dha deified sage. E. vīta gone, and rāga passions, desire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vītarāga (वीतराग).—i. e.

Vītarāga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vīta and rāga (राग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vītarāga (वीतराग).—[adjective] dispassionate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vītarāga (वीतराग):—[=vīta-rāga] [from vīta > vī] mfn. free from passions or affections, dispassionate, desireless, calm, tranquil, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (also applied to 8 [particular] Bodhi-sattvas and their attributes)

2) [v.s. ...] not attached to ([locative case]), [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

3) [v.s. ...] colourless, bleached, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a sage with subdued passions ([especially] applied to a Buddhist or Jaina saint), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vītarāga (वीतराग):—[vīta-rāga] (gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) 1. m. A deified Bauddha sage; any sage. a. Free from passion; colourless, bleached.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vitaraga in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vītarāga (ವೀತರಾಗ):—

1) [adjective] not filled with passion; not having desires; desireless; passionless.

2) [adjective] calm; quiet; composed; collected; sedate.

3) [adjective] not having any colour; colourless.

--- OR ---

Vītarāga (ವೀತರಾಗ):—

1) [noun] a man free from passions, desires; a desireless man; a religious mendicant, monk, jina, etc.

2) [noun] a humble, gentle, unassuming man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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