Jatila, aka: Jaṭila; 11 Definition(s)


Jatila means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Jaṭila (जटिल) is another name (synonym) for Tila, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Sesamum indicum (sesame). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 16.111-116), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Tila are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Jaṭila (जटिल) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Jaṭila) various roles suitable to them.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Jaṭila (जटिल) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Vāmeśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Jaṭila) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Jaṭila (जटिल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.90) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jaṭila) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Jatila in Purana glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

1) Jaṭila (जटिल).—The name assumed by Śiva when he played the part of a Brahmacārin. Pārvatī began rigorous penance to obtain Śiva as her husband, and Śiva visited her disguised as Jaṭila, a brahmacārin to test her. (Śiva Purāṇa, Śatarudrasaṃhitā).

2) Jaṭila (जटिल).—A righteous and generous woman who was born in the Gautama dynasty. She once sought the help of the saptarṣis. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 195; also See under Gautamī II).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

l. Jatila - A class of ascetics, so called on account of their matted hair (jatila ti tapasa, to hi jatadharitaya idha jatila ti vutta) (UdA.74; see also 330). These ascetics are sometimes classed under isi (Culla Nid.149) and also under muni (Culla Nid.513).

2. Jatila - A governor of a province (Maharatthiya) in the time of Padumuttara Buddha. He was the Bodhisatta. v.l. Jatika. J.i.37; Bu.xi.11.

3. Jatila (v.l. Jatilaka) - A setthi of Magadha, one of the five setthis of Bimbisara (DhA.i.385). His mother was a setthis daughter in Benares, who had illicit relations with a Vijjadhara, and when the child was born she placed it in a vessel which she handed to her slave, to be floated down the Ganges. Two women, while bathing, saw the vessel, discovered what it contained and each claimed the child. The dispute was settled by the king and the child was given to the woman who happened to be a disciple of Maha Kaccana. The child was called Jatila because the first time he was bathed after birth his hair became matted. When able to walk, he was given to Maha Kaccana to be ordained, but the thera took him to Takkasila and handed him over to one of his supporters, a merchant, who adopted him as his son. Years passed, and one day the merchant, having to go on a journey, made a list of the goods which he had accumulated in his house during twelve years and asked Jatila to sell them if he could find buyers. Such was the lads fortune that in one day they were all disposed of. The merchant, realising the young mans destiny, gave him his daughter in marriage and provided him with a house. As Jatila stepped into the house, the earth behind it was rent asunder and a mountain of gold, eighty cubits in height, appeared for his use. Thereupon the king made him a Treasurer. Later, wishing to retire from the world, Jatila sent out messengers to discover if there were others as rich as he, in case the king should raise objections to his going away. When news was brought back of Mendaka and Jotika, he knew there would be no opposition and obtained the kings permission. He had three sons, but, having tested them, came to know that only the youngest had the necessary good fortune to enjoy his vast wealth. Jatila thereupon handed over to him his wealth and entered the Order, becoming an arahant within a few days. Some time afterwards the Buddha, with Jatila and other monks, was entertained for a fortnight by Jatilas sons, and in answer to the monks questions Jatila declared that he felt no desire to re enter household life. The monks found this hard to believe till assured by the Buddha that it was so.

In the time of Kassapa Buddha, Jatila was a goldsmith. One day, an arahant, seeking for gold wherewith to complete the shrine erected over the Buddhas remains, came to the goldsmiths house; the latter, having just quarrelled with his wife,

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Jatila in Pali glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jaṭila : (m.) a kind of ascetics with matted hair.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Jaṭila, (BSk. jaṭila) one who wears a jaṭā, i.e. a braid of hair, or who has his hair matted, an ascetic. Enumd amongst other “religious” as ājīvikā nigaṇṭhā j. paribbājakā Nd2 308; ājīvikā nig° j. tāpasā Nd2 149, 513;— Vin. I, 24=IV. 108; I, 38 (purāṇa° who had previously been j.)=VvA. 13=PvA. 22; S. I, 78; Sn. p. 103, 104 (Keṇiya j.); J. I, 15; II, 382; Ud. 6; Dpvs. I, 38. (Page 277)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

jaṭila (जटिल).—a (S) pop. jaṭīḷa a That wears his hair matted.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaṭila (जटिल).—a That wears his hair matted.

--- OR ---

jaṭīḷa (जटीळ).—a That wears his hair matted.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaṭila (जटिल).—a. [jaṭā astyarthe ilac]

1) Wearing matted or twisted hair (as an ascetic); विवेश कश्चिज्जटिलस्तपोवनम् (viveśa kaścijjaṭilastapovanam) Ku. 5.3; (jaṭila may be here a noun meaning 'an ascetic'); ज्येष्ठानुवृत्तिजटिलं च शिरोऽस्य साधोः (jyeṣṭhānuvṛttijaṭilaṃ ca śiro'sya sādhoḥ) R.13.78.

2) Complicated, confused, intermixed, intermingled; विजानन्तोऽ प्येते वयमिह विपज्जालजटिलान् । न मुञ्चामः कामानहह गहनो मोहमहिमा (vijānanto' pyete vayamiha vipajjālajaṭilān | na muñcāmaḥ kāmānahaha gahano mohamahimā) Bh.3.21; शिखाकलाप° (śikhākalāpa°) Pt.2.81; Ve.2.18.

3) Dense, impervious; Bv.1.52.

-laḥ 1 A lion.

2) A goat.

3) An ascetic.

4) A Brāhmaṇa in the first period of his life.

-lā Long pepper.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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