Grishma, aka: Grīṣma; 8 Definition(s)


Grishma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Grīṣma can be transliterated into English as Grisma or Grishma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म, “summer”):—One of the six season of the year, comprising the months Jyeṣṭha and Āṣāḍha.—This season takes place dusing visarga, when the sun is dominant, and draws out the nutrient essence of the living beings. In these months, Vāyu-doṣa is accumulated. A skilled physician should moniter these conditions during the treatment of a patient.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Grishma is the Hindu season corresponding to summer. Summer is marked by two months known as Shuchi and Shukra (Jaistha and Ashadha).

The said plants and vegetables, in their turn, lose their sap, moisture and nutritive element in summer, and become dry and extremely light. In the same manner water becomes drought-making [produces a state of parchedness in the organism—Ruksha] in its virtue, and considerably loses its natural coolness and nutritive properties. The sun’s rays dry up the natural moisture of the human system, and accordingly water and vegetables largely partaken of in summer, give rise to an accumulation of wind in the system owing to their lightness, dryness, or expansive and drought-making properties.

Subsequently wind thus accumulated in the summer, is agitated by the rains and cold winds in the forepart of the rainy season (Pravrit) when the ground is flooded with water and thus gives rise to diseases which are incidental to a deranged state of the bodily wind.

Diseases which owe their origin to a deranged state of bile, phlegm and wind, are respectively ameliorated in Hemanta, summer, and autumn by natural causes, [such as the variations of atmospheric or earthly temperature, rainfall, etc.].

The sun’s rays become stronger and more intense in summer. Unhealthy winds blow from the south-east. The earth is heated ; the rivers run narrow and shallow in their beds ; the quarters of the sky glare with a blazing light, the birds Chakravákas with their mates roam about in quest of cool ponds and reservoirs of water ; herds of deer are tormented and overwhelmed with thirst ; trees, plants and creepers are scorched by the intense heat, and withered leaves drop off from the trees which alone serve to make the identification of their parents possible.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume II
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—The summer (grīṣma) is to be indicated through the representation of the heat of the earth, fans, wiping off sweat and feeling the hot wind.

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Grishma in Marathi glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—m (S) grīṣmartu m S The hot season; comprehending two months, about June-July.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—m The hot season.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—a. [grasate rasān; gras-manin Uṇ.1.147] Hot, warm.

-ṣmaḥ 1 The summer, the hot season, corresponding to the months of Jyeṣṭha and Āṣāḍha; ग्रीष्म- समयमधिकृत्य गीयताम् (grīṣma- samayamadhikṛtya gīyatām) Ś.1; R.16.54; Bv.1.35.

2) Heat, warmth.

-ṣmī The नवमल्लिका (navamallikā) plant.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—mfn.

(-ṣmaḥ-ṣmā-ṣmaṃ) Hot, warm. m.

(-ṣmaḥ) 1. The hot season, comprehending two months, about June July. 2. Heat, warmth. f. (-ṣmī) Jasmin. E. gras to take, &c. manin Unadi affix, and the deriv. irr. grasate rasān .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 28 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Grīṣmodbhava (ग्रीष्मोद्भव).—mfn. (-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) Produced by heat or in the hot season. f. (-vā)...
Grīṣmaja (ग्रीष्मज).—mfn. (-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) 1. Produced by heat. 2. Produced in the hot season. f. ...
Grīṣmakālīna (ग्रीष्मकालीन).—a. pertaining to summer. Grīṣmakālīna is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Grīṣmahāsa (ग्रीष्महास).—The flocculent seeds, down &c. blown about in the air in summer.Deriva...
Grīṣmabhavā (ग्रीष्मभवा).—the Navamallikā creeper, (double jasmine). Grīṣmabhavā is a Sanskrit ...
Grīṣmavana (ग्रीष्मवन).—a grove frequented in summer; अत्रान्तरे ग्रीष्मवनं मल्लिकामोदि मारुतम्...
Kalā (कला) refers to a (1) “art” or (2) “a peg of a lyre” and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-cari...
Sūrya (सूर्य) or Sūryya.—m. (-ryaḥ) 1. The sun. 2. Gigantic swallow wort, (Asclepias gigantea.)...
Vaṭa (वट) is the name of a plant, the root of which is used in ritualistic worship, according t...
Cāturmāsya (चातुर्मास्य) refers to one of the seven Haviḥsaṃsthās or Haviryajñas (groups of sev...
Kaphā.—d8ī (Chamba), same as kapahad8ī. Note: kaphā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glos...
Ṛtu (ऋतु).—m. (-tuḥ) 1. A season, (the Hindu year is divided into six seasons, each consisting ...
Dveṣa (द्वेष).—m. (-ṣaḥ) Hate, enmity. E. dviṣa to hate, affix ghañ.
Uṣṇa (उष्ण, “hot”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteri...
Tapas (तपस्).—m. (-pāḥ) 1. The name of a month, Magha, (January February.) 2. The cold or dewy ...

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