Grishma, Grīṣma: 17 definitions
Grishma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Grīṣma can be transliterated into English as Grisma or Grishma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Grishm.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म, “summer”):—One of the six season of the year, comprising the months Jyeṣṭha and Āṣāḍha.—This season takes place dusing visarga, when the sun is dominant, and draws out the nutrient essence of the living beings. In these months, Vāyu-doṣa is accumulated. A skilled physician should moniter these conditions during the treatment of a patient.Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II
Grishma is the Hindu season corresponding to summer. Summer is marked by two months known as Shuchi and Shukra (Jaistha and Ashadha).
The said plants and vegetables, in their turn, lose their sap, moisture and nutritive element in summer, and become dry and extremely light. In the same manner water becomes drought-making [produces a state of parchedness in the organism—Ruksha] in its virtue, and considerably loses its natural coolness and nutritive properties. The sun’s rays dry up the natural moisture of the human system, and accordingly water and vegetables largely partaken of in summer, give rise to an accumulation of wind in the system owing to their lightness, dryness, or expansive and drought-making properties.
Subsequently wind thus accumulated in the summer, is agitated by the rains and cold winds in the forepart of the rainy season (Pravrit) when the ground is flooded with water and thus gives rise to diseases which are incidental to a deranged state of the bodily wind.
Diseases which owe their origin to a deranged state of bile, phlegm and wind, are respectively ameliorated in Hemanta, summer, and autumn by natural causes, [such as the variations of atmospheric or earthly temperature, rainfall, etc.].
The sun’s rays become stronger and more intense in summer. Unhealthy winds blow from the south-east. The earth is heated ; the rivers run narrow and shallow in their beds ; the quarters of the sky glare with a blazing light, the birds Chakravákas with their mates roam about in quest of cool ponds and reservoirs of water ; herds of deer are tormented and overwhelmed with thirst ; trees, plants and creepers are scorched by the intense heat, and withered leaves drop off from the trees which alone serve to make the identification of their parents possible.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci
Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म) refers to the “summer season”, whose pitta-provocative symptoms are dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., in Grīṣma).
The 101st stanza is related with provocation of Doṣas in particular seasons. Seasons for provocation of Vāta are Hemanta (Jan-Feb), Varṣa (Rainy season) and Śiśira (Dec-Jan). Season for provocation of Pitta is Grīṣma (summer) and Śarad (Oct-Nov) while for provocation of Kapha is Vasanta (Feb-Mar).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—The summer (grīṣma) is to be indicated through the representation of the heat of the earth, fans, wiping off sweat and feeling the hot wind.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म) refers to the “summer” season and represents the months Vaiśākha to Āṣāḍha (mid May to mid July) and is one of the six “seasons” (ṛtu).—According to the Vedic calendar, there are six different seasons, which correspond to the twelve months of the year.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Grīṣma.—(EI 24; CII 4), one of the three seasons constituting the ancient Indian official year; the four months from Caitra ba-di 1 to Āṣāḍha su-di 15. Note: grīṣma is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—m (S) grīṣmartu m S The hot season; comprehending two months, about June-July.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—m The hot season.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—a. [grasate rasān; gras-manin Uṇ.1.147] Hot, warm.
-ṣmaḥ 1 The summer, the hot season, corresponding to the months of Jyeṣṭha and Āṣāḍha; ग्रीष्म- समयमधिकृत्य गीयताम् (grīṣma- samayamadhikṛtya gīyatām) Ś.1; R.16.54; Bv.1.35.
2) Heat, warmth.
-ṣmī The नवमल्लिका (navamallikā) plant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṣmaḥ-ṣmā-ṣmaṃ) Hot, warm. m.
(-ṣmaḥ) 1. The hot season, comprehending two months, about June July. 2. Heat, warmth. f. (-ṣmī) Jasmin. E. gras to take, &c. manin Unadi affix, and the deriv. irr. grasate rasān .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—m. The hot season, comprehending about June and July, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 261.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म).—[masculine] summer.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म):—m. (√gras, [Uṇādi-sūtra]) the summer, hot season (the months Śuci and Śukra, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xiv, 6; Suśruta]; or Jyeṣṭha and Āṣāḍha, from the middle of May to the middle of July), [Ṛg-veda x, 90, 6; Atharva-veda] etc.
2) summer heat, heat, [Pañcatantra]
3) Name of a man [gana] aśvādi
4) Grīṣmā (ग्रीष्मा):—[from grīṣma] f. Symplocos racemosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म):—cf. [Hibernian or Irish] gris, ‘fire’; griosgaim, ‘I fry, boil’; griosach, ‘burning embers.’Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म):—(ṣmaḥ) 1. m. The hot season; heat. (ṣmī) f. Jasmin. a. Hot.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
1) m. [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 148.] a) Sommer [Yāska’s Nirukta 4, 27. 7, 10.] [Medinīkoṣa Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10.] umfasst die Monate Śuci und Śukra [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 14, 6.] [Suśruta 1, 19, 9.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 3, 18.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 157. -] [Ṛgveda 10, 90, 6.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 6, 55, 2. 8, 2, 22. 12, 1, 36. 15, 3, 4.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 10, 11. 13, 55. 21, 24.] grīṣmo hyāsāṃ prajānāṃ tanūstapati [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 5, 3, 10. 11, 2, 7, 32.] grīṣma iva vā adya [2, 2, 3, 7. 8.] vasantagrīṣmau [12, 8, 2, 34.] grīṣmahemantau [1, 5, 3, 11.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 2, 4.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 2, 5, 1.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 281. 6, 23.] [Mahābhārata 14, 1284.] [Suśruta 1, 22, 12. 135, 12.] [Śākuntala 57.] [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 54.] [Pañcatantra II, 92.] [Amaruśataka 84.] samaya [Śākuntala 4, 4.] Nach [Medinīkoṣa] auch Hitze. — b) Nomen proprium eines Mannes gaṇa aśvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 110.] —
2) f. ā Name eines Baumes (s. lodhra) [Hārāvalī 95.] —
3) f. ī Jasminum Sambac Ait. (navamallikā) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]
--- OR ---
1) a) Sommerhitze, Hitze: taptā grīṣmeṇa sevante śaityārthaṃ te hutāśanam [Spr. 1296.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) m. — a) Sommer. grīṣmahemantau , vasantagrīṣmau. — b) Sommerhitze , Hitze. — c) *Nomen proprium eines Mannes. —
2) *f. ā Symplocos racemosa. —
3) *f. ī Jasminum Sambac [Rājan 10,93.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Grīṣma (ग्रीष्म) [Also spelled grishm]:—(nm) the summer; —[kāla] summer season; ~[kālīna] pertaining to or of the summer season, summer.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Grishmabhava, Grishmadhanya, Grishmahasa, Grishmahemanta, Grishmaja, Grishmakala, Grishmakalina, Grishmamayuri, Grishmanamase, Grishmapushpi, Grishmartu, Grishmartuvarnana, Grishmasamaya, Grishmasundaraka, Grishmavana, Grishmavarsha, Grishmodbhava.
Ends with: Sugrishma.
Full-text (+30): Grishmabhava, Grishmaja, Grishmasundaraka, Grishmahasa, Graishma, Grishmodbhava, Grishmadhanya, Graishmayana, Grishmapushpi, Grishmavana, Shadritu, Ritu, Grishmakala, Grishmasamaya, Grishmahemanta, Vanatikta, Gima, Shucishri, Shukrashri, Graishmikadhanya.
Search found 20 books and stories containing Grishma, Grīṣma, Grisma, Grīṣmā; (plurals include: Grishmas, Grīṣmas, Grismas, Grīṣmās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 62 - Treatment for chronic diarrhea (34): Dvija-supti rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Part 34 - Treatment for chronic diarrhea (6): Vahni-jvala rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Part 66 - Treatment for chronic diarrhea (38): Abhra rasayana < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Chandogya Upanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)
Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika) (by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat)
Verse 9.7 < [Chapter 9 - Raja-vidya and Raja-guhya Yoga]
Verse 8.18-19 < [Chapter 8 - Akshara-brahman-yoga]
Verse 14.7 < [Chapter 14 - Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Time and space [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 3 - Fundamental Theories]
Universal (sāmānya) and Particularity (viśeṣa) [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 2 - Fundamental Categories]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 128 - Greatness of Sāgarāditya (Sāgara-āditya) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 67 - Kedāreśvara (kedāra-īśvara-liṅga) < [Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya]
Chapter 206 - Procedure for Performing Śrāddha < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]