Vishrama, Viśrāma, Viśrama: 16 definitions


Vishrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśrāma and Viśrama can be transliterated into English as Visrama or Vishrama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Viśrāma (विश्राम) or Viśrāmabhūmi refers to the “plane of repose”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Oḍḍiyāna enjoys pride of place at the centre of the goddess’s triangle. Here the energy of bliss rests on the plane of repose (viśrāma-bhūmi). This is the Śāmbhava plane. Beyond even the cessation of suffering attained by the realisation of Nirvāṇa, it is the ultimate end of all bondage. As the Point in the centre of the goddess’s Triangle, the First Seat contains all that is most essential of the entire maṇḍala. It is where the seed-syllable of the goddess is located, as is the goddess’s Vidyā, which, by extension, is itself said to be the first of the sacred seats

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vishrama in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Viśrāma (विश्राम) refers to “resting (place)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.52 (“The bridegroom’s party is fed and Śiva retires to bed”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the mountain invited all the gods and others along with the lord for taking food, through his sons and others. [...] After taking meals and rinsing their mouths Viṣṇu and others went to their apartments for rest (viśrāma-artha). [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Vishrama in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Viśrāma (विश्राम) refers to “taking rest” (in a shady place), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “Thus after hawking the fatigued king should take rest (viśrāma) in a shady place, fanned by, soft breezes fragrant with the perfume of lotuses. His followers should then all rally , even those who formed the circle. The chief among them should present to the king all that they have bagged in hawking and speak about the achievements of the hawks, etc., for the amusement, of their lord. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viśrāma (विश्राम).—m (S) Rest, repose, cessation from toil or work. v pāva, ghē. 2 Rest. A title of the Supreme Being. Ex. nīlagrīva hṛdayaviśrāmā ||.

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viśrāmā (विश्रामा).—m (viśrāma) Rest (from toil or work). v pāva, ghē, paḍa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viśrāma (विश्राम).—m Rest. A title of the Supreme Being.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśrama (विश्रम).—

1) Rest, repose; तस्य विश्रमणादेष प्रसादो मत्कृतस्तव (tasya viśramaṇādeṣa prasādo matkṛtastava) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.156.8.

2) Relaxation, cessation.

Derivable forms: viśramaḥ (विश्रमः).

See also (synonyms): viśramaṇa.

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Viśrāma (विश्राम).—

1) Cessation, stop.

2) Rest, repose; स्वमेव भवनं शौरिर्विश्रामार्थं जगाम ह (svameva bhavanaṃ śaurirviśrāmārthaṃ jagāma ha) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.147.2; विश्रामो हृदयस्य यत्र (viśrāmo hṛdayasya yatra) Uttararāmacarita 1.39.

3) Tranquillity, calm, composure.

4) Deep breathing (after exertion).

5) Resting-place.

Derivable forms: viśrāmaḥ (विश्रामः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśrama (विश्रम).—m.

(-maḥ) Rest, repose, cessation from fatigue or work. E. vi privative, śram to be weary, aff. ac; also with ghañ, viśrāma .

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Viśrāma (विश्राम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Rest, repose. 2. Pause, stop, cessation. 3. Tranquility, composure. E. vi before śram to be weary, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśrama (विश्रम).—[vi-śram + a], m. Rest, repose, quiet, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 42.

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Viśrāma (विश्राम).—i. e. vi-śram + a, m. 1. Rest, repose, [Pañcatantra] 145, 9; [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 138, M.M. 2. Stop, pause, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 103, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśrama (विश्रम).—[masculine] ṇa [neuter] rest, repose, relaxation.

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Viśrāma (विश्राम).—[masculine] rest, repose, deep breath; cessation, tranquillity; also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Viśrāma (विश्राम) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—brother of Rāma, son of Rāyamukuṭa.

2) Viśrāma (विश्राम):—father of Śiva (Gobhilagṛhyapaddhati). Sb. 36.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśrama (विश्रम):—[=vi-śrama] [from vi-śram] m. rest, repose, quiet, relaxation, [Kālidāsa; Śiśupāla-vadha; Vāsavadattā]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a scribe, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) Viśrāma (विश्राम):—[=vi-śrāma] [from vi-śram] m. rest, repose, relaxation, calm, tranquillity, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] deep breathing (after exertion), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] resting-place, [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] cessation, abatement, [Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā; Uttararāma-carita]

7) [v.s. ...] a pause, caesura, [Śrutabodha]

8) [v.s. ...] a house, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of various men, [Catalogue(s)]

10) [v.s. ...] (with śukla) Name of an author, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśrama (विश्रम):—[vi-śrama] (maḥ) 1. m. Rest.

2) Viśrāma (विश्राम):—[vi-śrāma] (maḥ) 1. m. Idem; pause; tranquillity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viśrāma (विश्राम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pāḍiaṣṭā, Vissama, Visāma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vishrama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishrama in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viśrāma (विश्राम) [Also spelled visram]:—(nm) rest, repose, relaxation; -[kakṣa] a lounge; -[kāla] period of rest; interval, recess; vacation; -[gṛha] rest house; -[sthāna] place of rest or relaxation.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viśrama (ವಿಶ್ರಮ):—

1) [noun] relief from fatigue, exhaustion, weariness.

2) [noun] a taking rest by being free, unoccupied for sometime.

3) [noun] a place of living.

4) [noun] (pros.) a place where the reading or reciting of a poem is stopped for a brief time without breaking the continuity of the sense.

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Viśrāma (ವಿಶ್ರಾಮ):—[noun] = ವಿಶ್ರಮ - [vishrama -] 1 & 3.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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