Anandi, aka: Ānandī, Ānandi, Anāndi; 10 Definition(s)


Anandi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

Anandi (or, Anāndi) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to Prof. H. H. Wilson. The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Anandi), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Anandi) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (eg., Anandi) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places, and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Ānandī (आनन्दी) is the name of the wife of Bhāskararāya (C. 1685-1775 C.E.): a polymath of 18th century and the son of Gambhīrarāya Bhāratī and Konamāmbā of Viśvāmitragotra and younger brother of Sakhārāma. Bhāskararāya married to Ānandī, who afterward became famous in the name of Padmāvatyambikā and by their union a boy namely Pāṇḍuraṅga took birth. He also married another lady namely Pārvatī during his tour to Gujarat. He migrated to the banks of Krishna river from Benares. Towards the end of his life, he resided at Bhāskararājapuram (on the banks of river Kāverī), gifted to him by the Maratha ruler of Thanjavur.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Ānandī or Āṇandī is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Ānandī) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Ānandī) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Anandi in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

ānandī : (adj.) joyful.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ānandī, (f.) (ā + nandī, cp. ānanda) joy, happiness in cpd. ānandi-citta J.VI, 589 (so read probably for ānandi vitta: see ānandati). (Page 100)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ānandī (आनंदी).—a (ānanda) Gay, lively, ever joyous and gleeful.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ānandī (आनंदी).—a Gay, lively ānandita p Rejoiced.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ānandi (आनन्दि).—[ā-nand-in]

1) Joy, happiness; कौसल्यानन्दिवर्धनः (kausalyānandivardhanaḥ) Rām.

2) Curiosity.

Derivable forms: ānandiḥ (आनन्दिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ānandi (आनन्दि).—m.

(-ndiḥ) Happiness, pleasure; also ānandī f. (-ndī) E. āṅ before nadi to be happy, and ki aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Hiṃsānandī (हिंसानन्दी, “violence enjoying”).—One of the four types of cruel-concentration (rau...
Mṛṣānandī (मृषानन्दी, “untruth enjoying”).—One of the four types of cruel-concentration (raudra...
Cauryānandī (चौर्यानन्दी, “theft-enjoying”).—One of the four types of cruel-concentration (raud...
Ānanda (आनन्द) is the name of a physician that was ordered by queen Tārādattā to examine her da...
Pāṇḍuraṅga (पाण्डुरङ्ग) is the name of the son of Bhāskararāya (C. 1685-1775 C.E.) and his wife...
Ānandati, (ā + nandati) to be pleased or delighted J.VI, 589 (aor. ānandi in T. reading ānandi ...
Ananda Sutta
Ānanda, (Vedic ānanda, fr. ā + nand, cp. BSk. ānandī joy Divy 37) joy, pleasure, bliss, delight...
Padmāvatyambikā (पद्मावत्यम्बिका) is another of Ānandī: the wife of Bhāskararāya (C. 1685-1775 ...
Ārāmaśītalā (आरामशीतला).—Name of a fragrant plant (ānandī).Ārāmaśītalā is a Sanskrit compound c...
Bhāskararāya (भास्करराय) (C. 1685-1775 C.E.) alias Bhāsurānandanātha alias Bhāskararāya Makhin ...
Bhāskararājapuram (भास्करराजपुरम्) (on the banks of river Kāverī) is the name of a village gift...

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