Suvrata, Suvratā, Su-vrata: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Suvrata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Suvratā (सुव्रता) is another name (synonym) for Śaṭī, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Hedychium spicatum (spiked ginger lily). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.226-227), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Purāṇas

Suvrata (सुव्रत) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The suvrata-maṇḍapa is to be built with 60 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (e.g., suvrata) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Suvrata (सुव्रत).—A King of Bharata dynasty. He was the son of Kṣema and father of Viśvajit, (Bhāgavata, Skandha 1).

2) Suvrata (सुव्रत).—A King of the Aṅga royal dynasty. He was the son of King Uśīnara who begot of his wife Nṛgā the son called Nṛga, Nara by his wife, Narā; Kṛmi by the wife Kṛmī; Daśa by the wife Suvratā and Śibi by his wife Dṛṣadvatī. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 277).

3) Suvrata (सुव्रत).—Son of the brahmin Somaśarman. (For details see under Dharmāṅgada).

4) Suvrata (सुव्रत).—A muni of ancient days who lived in North India. He was extraordinarily effulgent and reputed. (Vana Parva, Chapter 90, Verse 12).

5) Suvrata (सुव्रत).—One of the two attendants given to Subrahmaṇya by Mitradeva, the other one being Satyasandha. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 41)

6) Suvrata (सुव्रत).—One of the two attendants given to Subrahmaṇya by Vidhātā, the other one being Sukarman. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 42).

7) Suvratā (सुव्रता).—Daughter of Dakṣaprajāpati by Vīraṇī. She had four sons one each from Dakṣa, Dharma, Brahmā and Rudra. They were respectively Dakṣasāvarṇi. Dharmasāvarṇi, Brahmasāvarṇi and Rudrasāvarṇi. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 41, 39-59).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Suvratā (सुव्रता) refers to a “lady of good rites” and is used to describe Pārvatī (i.e., Goddess Śivā), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.8.—Accordingly, Nārada said to Himavat:—“[..] O lord of mountains, she will be the wife of Śiva and will remain his favourite always. She will be a chaste lady of good rites [i.e., suvratā]. She will increase the pleasure of her parents. Performing a penance she will fascinate Śiva’s mind towards herself. He too will marry none else except her. A love akin to this pair will not be found anywhere. Never in the past was it seen nor will it occur in future. Nor it is current now. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Suvrata (सुव्रत).—A son of Kṣema (Kṣemya, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Dhamasūtra (Dharma, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 48; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 23. 6.

1b) A son of Śveta and a Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 180.

1c) A son of Darvā (Darśa, Matsya-purāṇa) and Uśīnara; chief of the Ambaṣṭa Kingdom;1 ruled for 38 years.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 20, 22; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 18, 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 20, 22.
  • 2) Ib. 99. 304.

1d) A Bṛhadratha; ruled for 64 years.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 116.

1e) A maṇṭapa with 60 pillars.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 270. 3 and 7.

2) Suvratā (सुव्रता).—A daughter of Dakṣa and mother of four Manus;1 got four sons through Brahmā, and they became the originators of four castes, hence Savarnas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 39-42.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 24, 42-52.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Suvrata (सुव्रत) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.37) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Suvrata) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Suvratā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.49, I.65).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Suvrata (सुव्रत) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Suvrata).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Suvratā (सुव्रता) is the mother of Dharmanātha, the fifteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Suvratā is Bhānu. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Suvratā (सुव्रता) is the mother of Dharmanātha: the fifteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Dharmanātha’s father’s name was Bhānu Rāja and his mother’s name Suvratā. He was born at Ratnapura. He obtained the name of Dharmanātha because he saved mankind from miseries. There is tradition also that the Jina’s mother performed many acts of religion while bearing him in the womb. Hence the name of the child as Dharmanātha.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1a) Suvrata (सुव्रत) or Munisuvrata refers to the twentieth of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras praised in the first book (ādīśvara-caritra) [chapter 1] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Suvrata is the son of Padmā and Sumitra, according to chapter 1.6, “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The son of Padmā and Sumitra, Suvrata, in Rājagṛha, black, aged thirty thousand years, twenty bows tall, will have the vow for seven thousand five hundred years, and the interval between Jinas will be fifty-four lacs of years”.

1b) Suvrata (सुव्रत) is the name of an ancient Ācārya, according to chapter 4.3 [vimalanātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Now in this Jambūdvīpa in the East Videhas in the city Ānandakarī, there was a king, Nandisumitra. [...] One day, he abandoned the kingdom already abandoned in mind and became a mendicant under Ācārya Suvrata. Observing many private vows, practicing penance hard to perform, he fasted, died, and became a god in Anuttara. [...]”.

1c) Suvrata (सुव्रत) is the son of Munisuvrata and Prabhāvatī, according to chapter 6.7 [śrī-munisuvratanātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“ [...] Though his soul was purified by the three kinds of knowledge, pretending lack of knowledge to the people by childish play, the Lord gradually grew up. When he had become a young man, twenty bows tall, he married princesses, Prabhāvatī, and others. Then Queen Prabhāvatī bore a son, named Suvrata, to Lord Munisuvrata, like the east the moon. When seven and a half thousand years had passed, the Lord assumed the burden of the kingdom imposed by his father”.

2a) Suvratā (सुव्रता) is the wife of king king Bhānu from Ratnapura, according to chapter 4.5 [dharmanātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Bhānu’s wife was named Suvratā, an unusually virtuous wife, excelling the bees in attendance on his lotus-feet. Surely her low speech had been taught by the cuckoos, her skill in walking by the haṃsas, her glances by the deer. Modesty was her companion, a wealth of good conduct her maid, good-breeding her chamberlain. This was her natural retinue. [...] At that time Dṛḍharatha’s soul, living in Vaijayanta, immersed in pleasure, completed its maximum life-period. The soul fell on the seventh day of the bright half of Rādha, the moon being in Puṣpa, and entered Lady Suvratā’s womb. [...]”.

2b) Suvratā (सुव्रता) is name of an ancient Nun, according to chapter 5.3 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly, as king Vajrāyudha said to the Vidyādhara Pavanavega:—“[...] Queen Prabhaṅkarā, upright and fair by nature, practiced the moon-penance at the side of the nun Suvratā. As the fruit of that penance, even without right-belief, et cetera, after death she became your daughter Śāntimatī. Datta’s soul became the Vidyādhara, Ajitasena, and he kidnaped her because of his former love. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suvrata (सुव्रत).—a. strict in the observance of religious vows, strictly virtuous or religious.

-taḥ a religious student. (-) 1 a virtuous wife.

Suvrata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and vrata (व्रत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Suvrata (सुव्रत).—name of a śreṣṭhin's son: Gaṇḍavyūha 51.21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suvrata (सुव्रत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Virtuous, strict, rigidly observing any religious vow or obligation. m.

(-taḥ) 1. The twentieth Jina of the present age; also named Munisuvrata. 2. One of the Jainas of the future era. 3. The religious student. f.

(-tā) 1. The mother of the fifteenth Jaina of the present age. 2. A cow easily milked, one of a tractable and gentle disposition. 3. A virtuous wife. E. su well, good, vrata a vow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suvrata (सुव्रत).—I. adj. rigidly observing any religious vow or obligation, virtuous, Chr. 58, 6. Ii. f. . 1. a virtuous wife. 2. a cow easily milked. 3. a proper name, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 102, 22 ([Prakrit]).

Suvrata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and vrata (व्रत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suvrata (सुव्रत).—[adjective] ruling well; religious, pious, virtuous; [masculine] & [feminine] ā a man’s & woman’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Suvrata (सुव्रत) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—an historian, who was one of the sources of Kalhaṇa. Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 11.

2) Suvrata (सुव्रत):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suvrata (सुव्रत):—[=su-vrata] [from su > su-yaj] mf(ā)n. ruling well, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] strict in observing religious vows, very religious or virtuous (often in [vocative case]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] tractable (as a horse or cow), [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a religious student, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of one of Skanda’s attendants, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Prajā-pati, [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu Raucya, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Nābhāga, [Rāmāyaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Uśīnara, [Harivaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kṣemya, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Priya-vrata, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) [v.s. ...] of a scholar, [Colebrooke]

13) [v.s. ...] of a historian, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

14) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

15) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) of the 20th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī (also called Munisuvrata) and of the 11th Arhat of the future Utsarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Suvratā (सुव्रता):—[=su-vratā] [from su-vrata > su > su-yaj] f. a [particular] fragrant plant, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

17) [v.s. ...] a cow that is easily milked, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] a virtuous wife, [Horace H. Wilson]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of an Apsaras, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Dakṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

21) [v.s. ...] of the mother of the 15th Arhat of the present age, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] of a princess, [Dharmaśarmābhyudaya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suvrata (सुव्रत):—[su-vrata] (taḥ) 1. m. The 20th Jina of this age; one of a future age; a religious student. 1. f. Mother of the 15th Jina; good wife; cow easily milked. a. Vow-observing, virtuous, strict.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Suvrata (सुव्रत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Suvvaya, Suvvayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Suvrata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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