Savita, Shavita, Śavita, Savitā, Sāvita: 10 definitions



Savita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śavita can be transliterated into English as Savita or Shavita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Savitā (सविता).—One of the twelve sons of Kaśyapaprajāpati by his wife called Aditi. These sons are called Ādityas. So, Savitā also is one of the Dvādaśādityas. Viṣṇu, Śakra, Aryamā, Dhātā, Tvaṣṭā, Pūṣā, Vivasvān, Savitā, Mitra, Varuṇa, Aṃśu and Bhaga are the Dvādaśādityas.

Pṛśnī, wife of Savitā, gave birth to three daughters called Sāvitrī, Vyāhṛti and Trayī and three sons called Agnihotra, Paśusoma and Cāturmāsya the great sacrifices. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 15).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Savitā (सविता).—A name of the sun;1 garden of, in the north;2 protects the Yamunā;3 has seven horses as vāhanas;4 worshipped on the eve of palace building.5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 125.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 11; 103. 59.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 253. 30, 42.
  • 4) Ib. 104. 8.
  • 5) Ib. 128. 36; 268. 21.

1b) An Āditya;1 maṇḍala of; Viṣṇu Śakti; the place where reside the chief Yakṣas, Gandharvas, Uragas, Rākṣasas, sages, Apsaras, Grāmaṇi by turn during twelve months in groups of seven causing snow, heat, rain, etc2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 131.
  • 2) Ib. II. 10. 19-22.

1c) The name of Vyāsa in the 5th dvāpara; Kanka the avatār of the Lord fifth Vedavyāsa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 129. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 12.

1d) The viṣkamba of the sun; is 9,000 yojanas; thrice is the maṇḍala in measurement;1 of Vaiśākha in the Cākṣuṣa epoch; the first planet of all;2 brought forth with śravaṇa and placed in Dhruva;3 in the shape of a circle; the lord of the world.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 54, 61.
  • 2) Ib. 53. 104.
  • 3) Ib. 53. 111.
  • 4) Ib. 53. 118.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Savitā (सविता) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.15, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Savitā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Savitā (सविता) is the name of one of the twelve Ādityas: the offspring of Aditi, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa. [...] Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are [viz., Aditi]. Aditi gives birth to twelve Ādityas, [viz. Savitā].

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Śavita (शवित) refers to a kind of weapon (“spear, lance”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Savitā (सविता) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Savitā).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (h)

Savitā (सविता) refers to one of the names for the “sun”, who was worshipped as Sūrya, Savitā, Mitra, Pūṣā etc. in the Vedas. Though all of them represented basically the same phenomenon, yet they were considered to be distinct deities as their concepts revealed different powers of the Sun.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sāvita : (pp. of sāveti) made hear; announced; declared.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

savitā (सविता).—m S The sun. Ex. gaganīṃ sa0 laghu bhāsata || parī prabhā adbhuta na varṇavē ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

savitā (सविता).—m The sun.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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