Vishvesha, Viśveśa, Viśveśā, Vishva-isha: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Vishvesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśveśa and Viśveśā can be transliterated into English as Visvesa or Vishvesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vishvesha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Viśveśa (विश्वेश) refers to “Śiva”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] Wife is the root of the household, and of its happiness; she is the source of the fruit of virtue and for the flourishing of the family. In every house there are women proud of their exquisite beauty and comely appearance. But it is only due to the devotion of Śiva (viśveśa) [paramviśveśabhaktyaiva] that a chaste lady is obtained. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Viśveśa (विश्वेश).—Description of: nirindriya, aliṅgi, nirguṇa, cetana, etc. Cf. Gītā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 14. 6-11, 13.

2a) Viśveśā (विश्वेशा).—A mind-born daughter of Brahmā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 32.

2b) Her sons by Dharma.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 48 and 51.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vishvesha in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Viśveśa (विश्वेश) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Viśveśa) is named Vṛṣabhadhvaja. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vishvesha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Viśveśa (विश्वेश) refers to the “Lord of the Universe”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] I will explain in due order that excellent tradition established in the houses (of the four transmissions) namely, the divine Western one, which is Śāmbhava and (so) is above all (others). This Śāmbhava (reality) is the Lord of the Universe (viśveśa), from which everything has emerged. The supreme energy is unmanifest and by means of (this) energy, the universe has come forth. The three qualities have come from the universe and from the (reality which is these) three qualities, the Śāmbhava transmission”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishvesha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśveśa (विश्वेश).—(also viśvamīśvaraḥ as one word used in the Mahābhārata and Kūrmapurāṇa ch.26.)

1) the Supreme Being, lord of the universe.

2) an epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: viśveśaḥ (विश्वेशः).

Viśveśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viśva and īśa (ईश). See also (synonyms): viśveśvara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśveśa (विश्वेश).—m.

(-śaḥ) Siva. E. viśva all, īśa lord: see the next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśveśa (विश्वेश).—[masculine] lord of the universe, e. of [several] gods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśveśa (विश्वेश):—[from viśva] m. lord of the universe (Name of Brahmā, Viṣṇu or Śiva), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the Supreme Spirit, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Catalogue(s)]

4) Viśveśā (विश्वेशा):—[from viśveśa > viśva] f. Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Dharma, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

5) Viśveśa (विश्वेश):—[from viśva] n. Name of a Liṅga, [Catalogue(s)]

6) [v.s. ...] the Nakṣatra Uttarāṣāḍhā (presided over by the Viśve Devāḥ), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśveśa (विश्वेश):—(śaḥ) 1. m. Shiva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vishvesha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishvesha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viśveśa (विश्वेश):—[[~śvara]] (nm) God—the Master of the Universe.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishvesha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viśvēśa (ವಿಶ್ವೇಶ):—

1) [noun] = ವಿಶ್ವೇಶ್ವರ [vishveshvara].

2) [noun] Brahma.

3) [noun] Viṣṇu.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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