Paramartha, Paramārtha, Parama-artha: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Paramartha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Paramārtha (परमार्थ) refers to:—The ultimate spiritual attainment. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paramartha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Paramārtha (परमार्थ).—Illustrated by the life of Nidāgha, a pupil of Ṛbhu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 14. 16 and 31; chh. 15 and 16.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paramartha in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Paramārtha (499-569 CE) was an Indian monk from Ujjain in central India, who is best known for his prolific Chinese translations which include Vasubandhu’s Abhidharmakośa. Paramārtha is considered one of the greatest translators of sutras in Chinese Buddhism, along with Kumārajīva and Xuanzang.

He was born in the autonomous kingdom of Malwa in central India, at the end of the Gupta Dynasty. His given name was Kulanātha, meaning “savior of the family”, and his parents were Brahmins belonging to the Bhāradvāja clan.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paramartha in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Paramārtha (परमार्थ) or paramārthaśūnyatā refers to “ultimate emptiness” one of the “twenty emptinesses” (śūnyatā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 41). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., paramārtha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Paramārtha (“ultimate”) or Paramārthasatya refers to “ultimate truth” and represents the first of the “two truths” (satya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 95).

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Paramārtha (परमार्थ) means “the ultimate meaning,” parama: ‘uppermost’, artha: ‘meaning’. In the Buddhist context, this refers to the absolute, as opposed to merely conventional truth.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paramartha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paramārtha (परमार्थ).—m (S) The highest and most excellent object or end of man, viz. the attainment and enjoyment of the Divine nature. Pr. prapañcālā dhana paramārthālā vairāgya For the present life, riches; but for the fruition of God, spirituality. 1 John i. 7. 2 Truth, pure truth: as opp. to all manner of error and illusion.

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paramārtha (परमार्थ).—ad (Used ignorantly for dharmārtha) Gratuitously for pious objects; as pa0 ināma-gāṃva-jhāḍa- vihīra-auṣadha.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paramārtha (परमार्थ).—m The highest and most excel- lent object or end of man, viz. the attainment and enjoyment of the Divine nature. Ex. prampacālā dhana paramā- rthālā vairāgya. For the present life, riches; but for the fruition of God, spirituality. Pure truh.

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paramārtha (परमार्थ).—ad Gratuitously for pious object; as प?B ināma-gāṃva-jhāḍa-vihīra-auṣadha.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paramartha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paramārtha (परमार्थ).—

1) the highest or most sublime truth, true spiritual knowledge, knowledge about Brahman or the Supreme Spirit; इदं हि तत्त्वं परमार्थभाजाम् (idaṃ hi tattvaṃ paramārthabhājām) Mv.7.2.

2) truth, reality, earnestness; परिहासविजल्पितं सखे परमार्थेन न गृह्यतां वचः (parihāsavijalpitaṃ sakhe paramārthena na gṛhyatāṃ vacaḥ) Ś.2.19; oft in comp. in the sense of 'true' or 'real'. °मत्स्याः (matsyāḥ) R.7.4. Mv.4.3.

3) any excellent or important object.

4) the best sense.

5) the best kind of wealth. °दरिद्र (daridra) really poor; Mk. °भाज (bhāja) a. partaking of the highest truth; Mv. °विद् (vid) a philosopher.

Derivable forms: paramārthaḥ (परमार्थः).

Paramārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms parama and artha (अर्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paramārtha (परमार्थ).—m.

(-rthaḥ) 1. Truth, fitness. 2. Spiritual knowledge. 3. Any excellent or important aim or object. 4. The best sense. 5. The best kind of wealth E. parama, and artha object.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paramārtha (परमार्थ).—m. 1. the most sublime truth. 2. the whole truth. 3. reality. 4. earnest, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 51.

Paramārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms parama and artha (अर्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paramārtha (परमार्थ).—[masculine] the highest or whole truth, reality ([abstract] [feminine]). °—, [instrumental], [ablative], & [adverb] in tas really, truly (taḥ saṃkalpya taking for real*).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paramārtha (परमार्थ):—[from parama > para] m. the highest or whole truth, spiritual knowledge, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Vedāntasāra] etc. ([in the beginning of a compound]; ena, āt, in reality)

2) [v.s. ...] any excellent or important object, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] the best sense, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] the best kind of wealth, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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