Paramartha, aka: Paramārtha, Parama-artha; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Paramartha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Paramartha in Purana glossaries]

Paramārtha (परमार्थ).—Illustrated by the life of Nidāgha, a pupil of Ṛbhu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 14. 16 and 31; chh. 15 and 16.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Paramartha in Hinduism glossaries]

Paramārtha (499-569 CE) was an Indian monk from Ujjain in central India, who is best known for his prolific Chinese translations which include Vasubandhu’s Abhidharmakośa. Paramārtha is considered one of the greatest translators of sutras in Chinese Buddhism, along with Kumārajīva and Xuanzang.

He was born in the autonomous kingdom of Malwa in central India, at the end of the Gupta Dynasty. His given name was Kulanātha, meaning “savior of the family”, and his parents were Brahmins belonging to the Bhāradvāja clan.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Paramartha in Buddhism glossaries]

Paramārtha (परमार्थ) or paramārthaśūnyatā refers to “ultimate emptiness” one of the “twenty emptinesses” (śūnyatā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 41). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., paramārtha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Paramārtha (“ultimate”) or Paramārthasatya refers to “ultimate truth” and represents the first of the “two truths” (satya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 95).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Paramārtha (परमार्थ) means “the ultimate meaning,” parama: ‘uppermost’, artha: ‘meaning’. In the Buddhist context, this refers to the absolute, as opposed to merely conventional truth.

(Source): WikiPedia: Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Paramartha in Marathi glossaries]

paramārtha (परमार्थ).—m (S) The highest and most excellent object or end of man, viz. the attainment and enjoyment of the Divine nature. Pr. prapañcālā dhana paramārthālā vairāgya For the present life, riches; but for the fruition of God, spirituality. 1 John i. 7. 2 Truth, pure truth: as opp. to all manner of error and illusion.

--- OR ---

paramārtha (परमार्थ).—ad (Used ignorantly for dharmārtha) Gratuitously for pious objects; as pa0 ināma-gāṃva-jhāḍa- vihīra-auṣadha.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paramārtha (परमार्थ).—m The highest and most excel- lent object or end of man, viz. the attainment and enjoyment of the Divine nature. Ex. prampacālā dhana paramā- rthālā vairāgya. For the present life, riches; but for the fruition of God, spirituality. Pure truh.

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paramārtha (परमार्थ).—ad Gratuitously for pious object; as प?B ināma-gāṃva-jhāḍa-vihīra-auṣadha.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Paramartha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Paramārtha (परमार्थ).—

1) the highest or most sublime truth, true spiritual knowledge, knowledge about Brahman or the Supreme Spirit; इदं हि तत्त्वं परमार्थभाजाम् (idaṃ hi tattvaṃ paramārthabhājām) Mv.7.2.

2) truth, reality, earnestness; परिहासविजल्पितं सखे परमार्थेन न गृह्यतां वचः (parihāsavijalpitaṃ sakhe paramārthena na gṛhyatāṃ vacaḥ) Ś.2.19; oft in comp. in the sense of 'true' or 'real'. °मत्स्याः (matsyāḥ) R.7.4. Mv.4.3.

3) any excellent or important object.

4) the best sense.

5) the best kind of wealth. °दरिद्र (daridra) really poor; Mk. °भाज (bhāja) a. partaking of the highest truth; Mv. °विद् (vid) a philosopher.

Derivable forms: paramārthaḥ (परमार्थः).

Paramārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms parama and artha (अर्थ).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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