Mahakalpa, aka: Mahākalpa, Maha-kalpa; 7 Definition(s)
Mahakalpa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Hinduism)
A Mahākalpa (महाकल्प) is equal to 300,000 saras and one sara is the time required to exhaust the sands of the seven Ganges (each Ganges being 500 yojanas or 2250 miles in length, 2¼ miles in breadth, and 50 dhanus or 100 yards in depth), at the rate of putting 100 years for the removal of one grain of sand.Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Mahākalpa (महाकल्प) refers to a “great cosmic period”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “the Mahākalpa, or great cosmic period, is divided into four incalculable periods (asaṃkhyeyakalpa) each lasting twenty small kalpas (antarakalpa): 1) one period of disappearance of the world (saṃvarta-kalpa) resulting from one disappearance by fire, one disappearance by water and one disappearance by wind; 2) one period during which the world remains destroyed (saṃvartasthāyika-kalpa); 3) one period of creation (vivartaka-kalpa); 4) one period during which the world remains created (vivartasthāyi-kakalpa)”.
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Mahākalpa (महाकल्प) refers to a “great aeon” and represents one of the “four aeons” (kalpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 87). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mahā-kalpa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Maha-Kalpa - largest time unit in Buddhism. Ending of a Maha-Kalpa (apocalypse) can happen in three ways: fire, water and wind. It is divided into four quarters each equivalent to one Asankya-Kalpa.
- First quarter - time taken for this world to form.
- Second quarter - stable duration of this world where all living beings can thrive.
- Third quarter - time taken for this world to be destroyed.
- Fourth quarter - empty time period.
General definition (in Jainism)
Mahākalpa (महाकल्प) refers to one of the fourteen limbs of the external-corpus (aṅga-bāhya). The Aṅgabāhya refers to one of the two types of scriptural knowledge (śruta), which refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve or of many kinds (eg., mahākalpa)”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
mahākalpa (महाकल्प).—m (S) A great or complete kalpa, the whole period of the life of Brahma (100 years, for the amount of which in the years of shortlived man, please to make calculation upon kalpa q. v.)Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Mahākalpa (महाकल्प).—a great cycle of time (1 years of Brahman); Bhāg.7.15.69.
Derivable forms: mahākalpaḥ (महाकल्पः).
Mahākalpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and kalpa (कल्प).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 14 books and stories containing Mahakalpa, Mahākalpa or Maha-kalpa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 2 - Kalpa and Mahākalpa < [Chapter XLVI - Venerating with the Roots of Good]
Appendix 1 - The damned remain in Avīci hell for one kalpa < [Chapter XIII - The Buddha-fields]
Act 1.6: Definition of trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XXXVI - Description of the supreme deity parameswara < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter II - The receptacle of the mundane egg < [Book IV - Sthiti prakarana (sthiti prakarana)]
Chapter XXXV - Description of the supreme brahma < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter I.e - Religious and philosophical literature of the Jainas < [Chapter I - Introduction]
Laghu-yoga-vasistha (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)