Virocana, aka: Virocanā; 9 Definition(s)
Virocana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Virochana.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Virocana (विरोचन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.19, I.65, II.9.12, I.177.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Virocana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Virocanā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.28).Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
1) Virocana (विरोचन).—General information. An asura. He was the son of Prahlāda and the father of Mahābali. Three sons Virocana, Kumbha and Nikumbha were born to Prahlāda by his wife Dhṛti. Virocana, though an asura, performed rites and rituals carefully. He was kind towards Brahmins. His son Bali became famous and got the name Mahābali. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Stanza 19). (See full article at Story of Virocana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Virocana (विरोचन).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was also called Durvirocana. This Virocana was present at the Svayaṃvara marriage of Draupadī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Stanza 2).
3) Virocanā (विरोचना).—An attendant of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Stanza 30).
4) Virocanā (विरोचना).—Daughter of Prahlāda the asura king. Tvaṣṭā married her. A son named Viraja was born to this couple. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 5). In Vāyu Purāṇa, it is stated that the hermit Triśiras also was born to Tvaṣṭā by Virocanā.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Virocana (विरोचन).—A son of Prahlāda, and father of Bali. Took part in the Devāsura war between Bali and Indra, and fought with Savitā;1 the Daitya king residing in the fifth talam: served as calf for the Asuras to milk the earth: killed by Indra in the Tārakāmaya war.2 Laughed at by Śukra: in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 18; VI. 18. 16; VIII. 10. 20 and 29; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 1.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 35; 36. 210; III. 5. 41; 72. 79 and 105; Matsya-purāṇa 10. 21; 47. 48 and 72; 172. 14; 178. 67: 245. 12 and 45.
- 3) Ib. 61. 4-5; 72. 6-10; 161. 78.
1b) An Asura of the Mahātalam.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 34.
2) Virocanā (विरोचना).—The queen of Tvaṣṭri, and mother of Viraja.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 19.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Virocana (विरोचन) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a tripple-power warrior (triguṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Virocana, and others], these princes are of triple power”.
The story of Virocana was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Virocana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Virochana was the son of Prahalada, and the grandson of Hiranyakashipu. His son Bali is known for his role in Vishnu's Vamana incarnation.Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Virochana (Sanskrit: विरोचन), in Hindu mythology, was an asura, son of Prahlada (Sanskrit: प्रहलाद) and father of Bali. In the Atharvaveda (VIII.10.22) he was mentioned as the son of Prahlada. According to the Chandogya Upanishad (VIII.7.2-8.5), he and Indra went to Prajapati to learn about the atman (self) and lived there, practising brahmacharya for thirty-two years. But at the end, he misunderstood Prajapati's teachings and preached the asuras to worship the sharira (body) as the atman. Thus, asuras started adorning the body of a deceased with perfumes, garlands and ornaments.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
Nine kappas ago there were three kings of this name, all previous births of Salapupphadayaka (Aijuna) Thera. Ap.i.169; ThagA.i.186.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
virocana : (nt.) shining.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Virocana (विरोचन).—1 The sun; दीप्तिनिर्जितविरोचनादयं गां विरोचनसुतादभीप्सतः (dīptinirjitavirocanādayaṃ gāṃ virocanasutādabhīpsataḥ) Śi.14.74.
2) The moon; (somamathāvravīt) समं वर्तस्व भार्यासु मा त्वां शप्से विरोचन (samaṃ vartasva bhāryāsu mā tvāṃ śapse virocana) Mb.9.35.57.
4) Name of the son of Prarhāda and father of Bali; Śi. 14.74.
5) A species of करञ्ज (karañja) tree.
6) A species of श्योनाक (śyonāka).
-nam 1 Light, lustre.
2) Propounding (ālocana); विशुद्धविज्ञानविरोचनाञ्चिता विद्याऽत्मवृत्तिश्चरमेति भण्यते (viśuddhavijñānavirocanāñcitā vidyā'tmavṛttiścarameti bhaṇyate) A. Rām. 7.5.15.
Derivable forms: virocanaḥ (विरोचनः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 23 books and stories containing Virocana or Virocanā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation) (by Swami Lokeswarananda)
Verse 8.7.2 < [Section 8.7]
Verse 8.8.4 < [Section 8.8]
Verse 8.9.2 < [Section 8.9]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 24 - The vow (vrata) of Aṅgāraka Caturthī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 6 - Birth of Devas, Daityas, Birds and Serpents etc. < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 13 - The Deeds of the Avatāra (Incarnation) < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 59 - The Birth of Vaivasvata < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 73 - Description of the glory of Viṣṇu < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 20 - Description of the netherworlds (pātāla) < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Act 1.6: Definition of trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]