Virocana, Virocanā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Virocana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Virochana.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Virocana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Virocana (विरोचन) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a tripple-power warrior (triguṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Virocana, and others], these princes are of triple power”.

The story of Virocana was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Virocana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Virocana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Virocana (विरोचन).—General information. An asura. He was the son of Prahlāda and the father of Mahābali. Three sons Virocana, Kumbha and Nikumbha were born to Prahlāda by his wife Dhṛti. Virocana, though an asura, performed rites and rituals carefully. He was kind towards Brahmins. His son Bali became famous and got the name Mahābali. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Stanza 19). (See full article at Story of Virocana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Virocana (विरोचन).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was also called Durvirocana. This Virocana was present at the Svayaṃvara marriage of Draupadī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Stanza 2).

3) Virocanā (विरोचना).—An attendant of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Stanza 30).

4) Virocanā (विरोचना).—Daughter of Prahlāda the asura king. Tvaṣṭā married her. A son named Viraja was born to this couple. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 5). In Vāyu Purāṇa, it is stated that the hermit Triśiras also was born to Tvaṣṭā by Virocanā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Virocana (विरोचन).—A son of Prahlāda, and father of Bali. Took part in the Devāsura war between Bali and Indra, and fought with Savitā;1 the Daitya king residing in the fifth talam: served as calf for the Asuras to milk the earth: killed by Indra in the Tārakāmaya war.2 Laughed at by Śukra: in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 18; VI. 18. 16; VIII. 10. 20 and 29; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 1.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 35; 36. 210; III. 5. 41; 72. 79 and 105; Matsya-purāṇa 10. 21; 47. 48 and 72; 172. 14; 178. 67: 245. 12 and 45.
  • 3) Ib. 61. 4-5; 72. 6-10; 161. 78.

1b) An Asura of the Mahātalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 34.

2) Virocanā (विरोचना).—The queen of Tvaṣṭri, and mother of Viraja.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 19.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Virocana (विरोचन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.19, I.65, II.9.12, I.177.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Virocana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Virocanā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.28).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Virochana was the son of Prahalada, and the grandson of Hiranyakashipu. His son Bali is known for his role in Vishnu's Vamana incarnation.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Virochana (Sanskrit: विरोचन), in Hindu mythology, was an asura, son of Prahlada (Sanskrit: प्रहलाद) and father of Bali. In the Atharvaveda (VIII.10.22) he was mentioned as the son of Prahlada. According to the Chandogya Upanishad (VIII.7.2-8.5), he and Indra went to Prajapati to learn about the atman (self) and lived there, practising brahmacharya for thirty-two years. But at the end, he misunderstood Prajapati's teachings and preached the asuras to worship the sharira (body) as the atman. Thus, asuras started adorning the body of a deceased with perfumes, garlands and ornaments.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Nine kappas ago there were three kings of this name, all previous births of Salapupphadayaka (Aijuna) Thera. Ap.i.169; ThagA.i.186.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Virocana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

virocana : (nt.) shining.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virocana (विरोचन).—1 The sun; दीप्तिनिर्जितविरोचनादयं गां विरोचनसुतादभीप्सतः (dīptinirjitavirocanādayaṃ gāṃ virocanasutādabhīpsataḥ) Śi.14.74.

2) The moon; (somamathāvravīt) समं वर्तस्व भार्यासु मा त्वां शप्से विरोचन (samaṃ vartasva bhāryāsu mā tvāṃ śapse virocana) Mb.9.35.57.

3) Fire.

4) Name of the son of Prarhāda and father of Bali; Śi. 14.74.

5) A species of करञ्ज (karañja) tree.

6) A species of श्योनाक (śyonāka).

-nam 1 Light, lustre.

2) Propounding (ālocana); विशुद्धविज्ञानविरोचनाञ्चिता विद्याऽत्मवृत्तिश्चरमेति भण्यते (viśuddhavijñānavirocanāñcitā vidyā'tmavṛttiścarameti bhaṇyate) A. Rām. 7.5.15.

Derivable forms: virocanaḥ (विरोचनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Virocana (विरोचन).—(1) (= vairocana 2; compare Sanskrit virocana, Lex. and once in late lit., Schmidt, Nachträge, fire; so also AMg. viroyaṇa), a certain gem: kāṃścid °na-maṇi- ratnāvabhāsān Gv 519.24 (prose); (2) n. of a Buddha, perh. the ‘transcendent’ B. otherwise called Vairocana (3): Gv 240.21; 241.10 (verses); (3) n. of a former Buddha (probably not = 2; compare Vairocana 4): LV 171.10 (verse), so Lefm. with ms. A, other mss. and Calc. Vairo° (meter indecisive); (4) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 52.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virocana (विरोचन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. The sun. 2. The moon. 3. Fire. 4. The son of the sovereign Prahlada. E. vi before ruc to shine, causal form, aff. lyuṭ or yuc .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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