Parayana, aka: Parāyaṇa, Pārāyana, Parāyana, Para-ayana; 8 Definition(s)


Parayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Parayana in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pārāyaṇa (पारायण).—Oral recital of a sacred work. See पारण (pāraṇa).

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of parayana in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Parayana in Pali glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

parāyaṇa : (nt.) support; rest; relief; the final end (in cpds.) aiming at; ending in; destined to; finding one's support in.

-- or --

pārāyana : (nt.) final aim; chief object.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Parāyana, (Parāyaṇa) (nt.) (fr. parā+i, cp. Vedic parāyaṇa highest instance, also BSk. parāyaṇa e.g. Divy 57, 327) 1. (n.) final end, i.e. support, rest, relief S. I, 38; A. I, 155, 156 (tāṇa lena dīpa etc.); J. V, 501=VI, 375 (dīpañ ca p.).—2. (adj.—°) (a) going through to, ending in, aiming at, given to, attached to, having one’s end or goal in; also: finding one’s support in (as daṇḍa° leaning on a stick M. I, 88; A. I, 138), in foll. phrases prevalent: Amata° S. V, 217 sq.; tama° Pug. 51; Nibbāna° S. IV, 373; V, 218; brahmacariya° S. I, 234; Maccu° S. V, 217; sambodhi° D. I, 156; II, 155; Pug. 16. Cp. also Sn. 1114 (tap°=tad°, see Nd2 411); Miln. 148 (ekantasoka°); DhA. I, 28 (rodana, i.e. constantly weeping). ‹-› (b) destined to, having one’s next birth in. , e.g. Avīci° J. III, 454; IV, 159; duggati° PvA. 32; devaloka° J. I, 218; brahmaloka° J. III, 396; Miln. 234; sagga° J. VI, 329; PvA. 42, 160; sugati° PvA. 89 similarly nīlamañca° Pv. II, 25. See also pārāyana. (Page 421)

— or —

Pārāyana, (nt.) (late Sk. pārāyaṇa, the metric form of parāyana) the highest (farthest) point, final aim, chief object, ideal; title of the last Vagga of the Sutta Nipāta A. III, 401; Sn. 1130; Nd2 438; SnA 163, 370, 604. (Page 454)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of parayana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Parayana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

parāyaṇa (परायण).—a (S) Following after, adhering, attached, devoted to: also appertaining or subject to: also bearing respect, reference, relation to. Ex. hyā manōvṛtti īśvaraparāyaṇa jhālyā; hī vihīra brāhmaṇa- parāyaṇa āhē; jñānaparāyaṇaśāstra, puṇyaparāyaṇa, dharmaparā- yaṇa, nindāparāyaṇa &c.

--- OR ---

pārāyaṇa (पारायण).—n (S) Perusal, reading through (esp. of a purāṇa). 2 S Going through or across.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parāyaṇa (परायण).—a Attached to. Appertaining to or bearing respect to.

--- OR ---

pārāyaṇa (पारायण).—n Perusal, reading through.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of parayana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parayana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Parāyaṇa (परायण).—See under पर (para) (para-ayana).

--- OR ---

Pārāyaṇa (पारायण).—

1) going across.

2) reading through, perusal, thorough study.

3) the whole, completeness, or totality of anything; as in ब्रह्मपारायणम्, मन्त्रपारायणम् (brahmapārāyaṇam, mantrapārāyaṇam) &c. याज्ञवल्क्यो मुनिर्यस्मै ब्रह्मपारायणं जगौ (yājñavalkyo muniryasmai brahmapārāyaṇaṃ jagau) Mv.1. 14.

Derivable forms: pārāyaṇam (पारायणम्).

Pārāyaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pāra and ayaṇa (अयण).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārāyaṇa (पारायण).—n. of a Buddhist work, presumably = the P°-vagga of Pali Sn (976—1149): Divy 20.23; 34.29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Parāyaṇa (परायण).—mfn. subst.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Adherence to any pursuit, attachment to any object. 2. Dependance upon. 3. Best refuge. adj. 1. Adhering or attched to. 2. Connected with, depending upon. 3. Wished, desired. n.

(-ṇaṃ) A religious order or division. E. para only, (one object,) ayana going.

--- OR ---

Pārāyaṇa (पारायण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Totality, entireness, completeness. 2. Going over, reading or doing any thing completely. 3. Going across. 4. Reading a Purana, or causing it to be read. f. (-ṇī) 1. The goddess Sara- Swati. 2. Action, act. 3. Considering, meditating. 4. Light. E. pāra the boundary or limit, and ayana going to, extending: when used attributively it remains always neuter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of parayana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: