Santa, aka: Shanta, Śānta, Santā, Śāntā; 15 Definition(s)

Introduction

Santa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śānta and Śāntā can be transliterated into English as Santa or Shanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Santa in Shaivism glossaries]

Śāntā (शान्ता, “Appeased”):—Third of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Sukṛtālayā, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ) are associated with the (element) water. Śāntā is possibly the name for a river. They are presided over by the Bhairava Kapālīśa and his consort named Cāmuṇḍā. Sukṛtālayā is the Last of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents water.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Santa (सन्त) or Santāgama refers to one of the upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Yogajāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Santa-āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Yogaja-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Santa in Natyashastra glossaries]

A type of glance (or facial expression): Śānta (peace): gradually closing the lids, the eyes slightly moving, the pupils moving to the comers; the peaceful glance of dispassion.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Śānta (शान्त) or the “sentiment (rasa) of tranquility”.—Viśvanātha Kavirāja is of the opinion that sama (tranquility), which is a mental state of a person, who is free from all attachment and thereby experiences bliss, gives rise to the sentiment called the Śānta (quietistic). It belongs to the very best of men. Its beauty is as fair as Jasmine and the moon and the adorable Nārāyaṇa is its presiding deity. The knowledge of the transitoriness of the world or the knowledge of the Supreme Self becomes the ālambanavibhāvava of this sentiment, whereas, the hermitage, the sporting ground of the Lord and the company of the saints, serve as the uddīpanavibhāvas of the Śāntarasa. Horripilation and the like are itsanubhāvas and indifference, delight, remembrance, intellect and compassion are its vyabhicāribhāvas.

It may be mentioned here that Bharata states that a description, wherein, there is described the state of having no sorrow, no envy, no jealousy and there exists equilibrium of mind, comes as an illustration of the Śāntarasa.  Mammaṭa also opines regarding Śānta, that nirveda or complete indifference towards worldly objects, generates the quietistic sentiment.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

[Santa in Purana glossaries]

1) Santa (सन्त).—Son of Satya who was born of the family of King Vītahavya. He had a son called Śravas. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 30, Verse 62).

2) Śānta (शान्त).—Son of Āpa, one of the eight Vasus. He had four sons called Vaitaṇḍa, Śrama, Śānta and Dhvani.

2) In Verse 18, Chapter 66 of Ādi Parva, it is stated that this Śānta was the son of Ahar, the Aṣṭavasu, and that he had three brothers called Śama, Jyotis and Muni.

3) Śānta (शान्त).—A King, the son of Priyavrata. (Bhāgavata, 5th Skandha).

4) Śāntā (शान्ता).—Daughter of Daśaratha. She was brought up by King Lomapāda of Aṅga and was married by muni Ṛṣyaśṛṅga. (For details see Para 9, under Daśaratha).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Śānta (शान्त).—One of the seven divisions of Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 3.

1b) A son of Āyu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 24.

1c) A sage: His son went on a pilgrimage on his way to Sāligrāma, he wished to see Gandhamādana, Badarikāśrama and others: got frightened by a Gandharva in the form of a tiger which was killed by Paraśurāma. Him followed the sage.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 25. 66-77

1d) A son of Āpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 5. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 84; 66. 23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 111.

2a) Śāntā (शान्ता).—A daughter of Daśaratha, and adopted by Citraratha-Romapāda: married by Rṣyaśṛṇga, (a daughter of Daśaratha-Lomapāda, Matsya-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 95; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 18.

2b) A river in the Kuru country.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 73.

2c) A daughter of Lomapāda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 103.

2d) The mother of the sage Bharadvāja.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 60.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Santa in Itihasa glossaries]

Śānta (शान्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.22) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śānta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Santa in Hinduism glossaries]

Santā (संता): Daughter of Dasharatha, Wife of sage Rishyasringa.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Santa in Theravada glossaries]

1. Santa. Aggasavaka of Atthadassi Buddha. (J.i.39; Bu.xv.19). He was son of the king of Sucandaka, and Upasanta, son of the chaplain, was his friend. These two placed four very learned men at the four gates of the city to inform them of the arrival of any wise men. They announced the arrival of Atthadassi Buddha. Santa and Upasanta visited the Buddha and his monks, gave them meals for seven days, and listened to the Buddhas preaching. On the seventh day they became arahants, with ninety thousand others. BuA. p. 179.

2. Santa. Fifty seven kappas ago there were four kings of this name, previous births of Tissa Thera. ThagA.i.200; but see Ap.i.174, where he is called Bhavanimmita.

3. Santa. A general of Parakkamabahu I. He is called Jitagiri, and was in charge of the Viharavajjasala ford. Cv.lxxv.25.

Santa Sutta. On ten qualities which make a monk altogether charming and complete in every attribute. A.v.11.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Santa in Mahayana glossaries]

Śāntā (शान्ता) is the name of a courtesan according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “there was, at that time in the kingdom of Vārāṇasī, a courtesan named Chan t’o (Śāntā) of unequalled beauty; she came in answer to the king’s appeal. She asked people whether or not [Ekaśṛṇga] was a man; they answered that he was the son of a hermit”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Santa in Pali glossaries]

santa : (pp. of sammati) 1. calmed; peaceful; 2. tired; wearied. (adj.), existing. (m.), a virtuous man.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Santa, 2 (pp. of sammati2) tired, wearied, exhausted Dh. 60; J. I, 498; Pv. II, 936 (=parissama-patta PvA. 127). (Page 676)

2) Santa, 1 (pp. of sammati1) calmed, tranquil, peaceful, pure D. I, 12; Vin. I, 4; S. I, 5; A. II, 18; Sn. 746; Pv IV. 134 (=upasanta-kilesa PvA. 230); Miln. 232, 409; Vism. 155 (°aṅga; opp. Oḷārik’aṅga); DhA. II, 13; III, 83.—nt. peace, bliss, nibbāna S. IV, 370.

—indriya one whose senses are tranquil A. II, 38; Sn. 144; Vin. I, 195; J. I, 506; —kāya of calmed body Dh. 378; DhA. IV, 114. —dhamma peaceful condition, quietude J. I, 506; —bhāva id. Miln. 265. —mānasa of tranquil mind Vin. I, 195; J. I, 506. —vāsa peaceful state DhA. IV, 114. —vutti living a peaceful life It. 30, 121. (Page 675)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Santa in Marathi glossaries]

śānta (शांत).—f Popular contraction of śānti.

--- OR ---

śānta (शांत).—p (S) Quieted, calmed, composed, appeased, pacified: also quiet, calm, tranquil, serene, not excited or agitated: also mild, gentle, bland, not vehement, impetuous, furious &c.

--- OR ---

santa (संत).—m (S) A holy man, a saint. 2 In the popular acceptation. A religious mendicant who professes great sanctity and piety. santācī jāhagīra mānabhāvācā pyādā (Because neither the santa nor the servant of the mānabhāva is disposed or competent to enforce or insist upon compliance with his alms-begging.) A phrase expressive of exceeding meekness or yieldingness.

--- OR ---

santa (संत).—a Gentle, soft-flowing, calm, unruffled;-- as a stream, a breeze, the water, the air: gently burning;--as a flame: mild, not vehement or violent;--as a disorder or other disturbance: soft, placid, peaceable;--as a disposition or spirit.

--- OR ---

sāṇṭa (सांट).—m f (Better sāṇṭha) Room, capacity, space to contain or hold.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śānta (शांत).—p Quieted, calmed. Mild; quiet.

--- OR ---

śānta (शांत) [-ti, -ति].—f Composing; composure. Stoi- cism; any expiatory rites. Fig. Death.

--- OR ---

santa (संत).—m A holy man, a saint. a Gentle, soft-flowing, calm-as a stream, breeze; gently burning-as a flame; soft, placid-as a disposition.

--- OR ---

sānta (सांत) [-tī, -ती].—f Epidemic disease.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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